Abadeh (Persian: آباده, also Romanized as Ābādeh) is a city and capital of Abadeh County, in Fars Province, Iran. Abadeh is situated at an elevation of 6,200 feet (1,890 m) in a fertile plain on the high road between Isfahan and Shiraz, 190 kilometres (120 mi) from the former and 270 kilometres (170 mi) from the latter. At the 2006 census, its population was 52,042, in 14,184 families. As of 2009, the population was estimated to be 59,042.
|Coordinates: 31°09′39″N 52°39′02″E / 31.16083°N 52.65056°E|
| • Mayor|
|• Member of Parliament||Rahim Zare|
|Elevation||1,900 m (6,200 ft)|
|• Total||59,116 |
|Time zone||UTC+3:30 (IRST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+4:30 (IRDT)|
73911-***** to 73991-*****
It is the largest city in the Northern Fars Region (South Central-Iran), which is famed for its carved wood-work, made of the wood of pear and box trees. Sesame oil, castor oil, grain, and various fruits are also produced there. The area is famous for its Abadeh rugs.
An interesting fact is that Abadeh is closer, road-distance-wise to 4 provincial capitals of Isfahan (193 km), Yasuj (197 km), Yazd (217 km), and Shahrekord (237 km) compared to the distance to the provincial capital of its corresponding province, Shiraz (260 km).
According to the texts of archaeologists, the settlement in the current area of Abadeh dates back to the first millennium BC. Nomadic Kurdish groups were the first to settle in the plain between Abadeh and Isfahan in the Achaemenid period. Remaining ancient monuments, such as the ancient castle of Izadkhas and Bahram Gur Palace in Surmaq, are proofs of the existence of culture and civilization in this geographical area. Abadeh city has a special position due to its location at the three-way communication between Isfahan, Yazd and Shiraz.
Landmarks and craftsEdit
Abadeh historical monuments include Emirate Kolah Farangi, Tymcheh Sarafyan and Khaje tomb, located in the Khoja mountains. Abadeh crafts can be embroidered in cotton. The town also produces Abadeh rugs.
The rugs tend to be based on a cotton warp and have a thin, tightly knotted pile. Most Abadeh rugs are closely cut making them very flat. Although some of the older Abadehs vary in style, many of the new designs are easily recognisable. These new designs, known as Heybatlu consist of a single diamond shaped medallion in the centre with smaller medallions on each corner. The pattern is typically geometrical flowers or animals and the main colours are light reds or burnt orange on top of a dark blue background with strong green details. The corners or borders are generally ivory in colour. Although some Abadeh and Shiraz rugs appear similar Abadeh can normally be differentiated by their higher knot counts as well as the fact that the warp is invariably cotton. The rugs are almost always exclusively medium in size and the KPSI of an average Abadeh is around 90. As always in the rug-world you get what you pay for however in general Abadeh are well made and fairly popular items, particularly in modern interiors or those with a Mediterranean or North African style.
Abadeh city is located in the northernmost point of Fars province. Abadeh is connected to Isfahan province from the north and west, Safacity and Eqlid from the south, and Yazd province from the east. The city is located 270 kilometres (170 mi) north of Shiraz, 670 kilometres (420 mi) south of Tehran, 200 kilometres (120 mi) south of Isfahan, and 190 kilometres (120 mi) southwest of Yazd. The geographical area of Abadeh is 6,052 square kilometres (2,337 sq mi), which is about 11% of the total area of the province.
Expressway 65 passes through Abadeh. This situation helps Abadeh to improve its capabilities compared to the neighboring city, Eqlid. Road 78 makes connections from Abadeh to Abarkuh, Yazd Eqlid and Yasuj. It has a junction with Abadeh Shiraz Expressway 24 km south of the city. A road starts from Abadeh Ring Road to Soqad and Semirom, Road 55.
The railroad from Isfahan to Shiraz passes Abadeh and there are train services at Abadeh Railway Station to Shiraz, Esfahan, Tehran and Mashad. Abadeh Airport (OISA) was planned to be built in the mid 1990s.
- Islamic Azad University, Abadeh branch
- Jalal Zolfonun was an Iranian musician
- Mahmoud Zoufonoun was an Iranian-born American musician accomplished in the art of Persian traditional music.
- Hooshmand Aghili is a prominent Iranian singer
- Ruhollah Hosseinian was an Iranian principalist politician.
- Rahmatollah Khosravi is an Iranian politician who was formerly a member of the Iranian Parliament and City Council of Tehran.
- Mojtaba Heidarpanah is an Iranian cartoonist, illustrator, painter, character designer and animator.
- Mahmoud Mohammadi (diplomat) is an Iranian diplomat and politician.
Abadeh's main sport is football, as in the rest of the country. The main stadium is Takhti Stadium located in Mo'allem Square. The main team in Abadeh is Behineh Rahbar Abadeh F.C. which is currently playing in Iran Football's 3rd Division after finishing first in Fars Provincial League (FPL) last year. It played in Hazfi Cup 2010-11 reaching the fourth round.
Air defense baseEdit
In 2012 Iran announced it had started the construction of an air defense site in the city of Abadeh. The site is planned to be the largest in the country and will house 6,000 personnel for a variety of duties, including educational ones.
Abadeh features a continental semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSk) with heat and dryness over summer, and cold (extreme at times) and wet winter, with huge variations between daytime and nighttime throughout the year. The area can experience severely cold weather due to its high elevation.
|Climate data for Abadeh, Altitude: 2030.0 M from: 1977-2010|
|Record high °C (°F)||17.6
|Average high °C (°F)||6.2
|Average low °C (°F)||−7.6
|Record low °C (°F)||−20.2
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||24.2
|Average rainy days||7.3||5.6||7.4||6.7||4.4||1.2||1.0||0.6||0.3||2.5||3.7||6.4||47.1|
|Average snowy days||3.3||1.3||0.8||0.1||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.2||2.1||7.8|
|Average relative humidity (%)||52||46||41||36||29||21||22||21||22||32||43||51||35|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||233.3||238.9||256.4||254.8||312.5||344.4||336.3||338.3||311.4||287.4||237.1||226.3||3,377.1|
Abadeh woodwork is world famous and its examples are kept in world museums as the best works of art. The carvings of the Marble Palace were made by the artists of this city, such as Master Ahmad Emami. In 2017, the World Council of Handicrafts (WCC) introduced Abadeh as the world city of carving. Monbat Abadeh has 150 active domestic or commercial carving workshops and 5000 carving artists.
The mines located in this city are:
Esteghlal Abadeh large refractory soil mine is one of the largest producers of this mineral. In addition to the Esteghlal refractory mine, there is also an industrial mine around the city where the raw materials are from tile, ceramic and brick factories in the country.
- ^ "Statistical Center of Iran > Home".
- ^ Abadeh can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3051024" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
- ^ a b public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Abadeh". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 6. One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the
- ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" (Excel). Statistical Center of Iran. Archived from the original on 2011-11-11.
- ^ Iran Statistics Organization Archived 2011-10-04 at the Wayback Machine
- ^ "Abadeh". www.visitiran.ir. Retrieved 2022-12-09.
- ^ "Abadeh". www.visitiran.ir. Retrieved 26 November 2022.
- ^ elseo (2021-08-06). "Islamic Azad University of Abadeh Ranking". Top Universities List - Highest Ranking Universities 2021. Retrieved 2022-12-14.
- ^ "Iran Starts Building Powerful Air Defense Base in South". Fars News Agency. 21 August 2012. Archived from the original on 28 October 2012. Retrieved 22 December 2012.
- ^ I.R OF IRAN SHAHREKORD METEOROLOGICAL ORGANIZATION ( IN PERSIAN ). 1988-2005
- ^ "Abadeh | The Global City for Wood Carving". ir-handicrafts.ir. Retrieved 2022-12-03.
- ^ "Iran: Provinces, Major Cities & Towns - Population Statistics, Maps, Charts, Weather and Web Information".
- ^ ĀBĀDA, Encyclopaedia Iranica
- ^ "Famennian conodonts from the Esteghlal Refractories Mine, Abadeh area, south-central Iran" (PDF).