Battle of the Sit River

The Battle of the Sit River was fought in the northern part of the present-day Sonkovsky District of Tver Oblast of Russia, close to the selo of Bozhonka, on March 4, 1238 between the Mongol Hordes of Batu Khan and the Rus' under Grand Prince Yuri II of Vladimir-Suzdal during the Mongol invasion of Rus.

Battle of the Sit River
Part of Mongol invasion of Rus
27 History of the Russian state in the image of its sovereign rulers - fragment.jpg
Bishop Cyril finds headless body of Grand Duke Yuri on the field of battle of the Sit River.
DateMarch 4, 1238
Modern day Yaroslavl Oblast
Result Mongol victory
Mongol Empire Vladimir-Suzdal
Commanders and leaders
Burundai Yuri II 
At least one tumen (10,000) of nomadic cavalry More than 3,000, mostly infantry
Casualties and losses
Light[1] Nearly Entire Force


After the Mongols sacked his capital of Vladimir, Yuri fled across the Volga northward, to Yaroslavl, where he hastily mustered an army.[2] He and his brothers then turned back toward Vladimir in hopes of relieving the city before the Mongols took it, but they were too late. Yuri sent out a force of 3,000 men under Dorozh to scout out where the Mongols were; whereupon Dorozh returned saying that Yuri and his force was already surrounded. As he tried to muster his forces, he was attacked by the Mongol force under Burundai and fled but was overtaken on the Sit River and died there along with his nephew, Prince Vsevolod of Yaroslavl.[3]


The battle marked the end of unified resistance to the Mongols and inaugurated two centuries of the Mongol domination of Russia and modern day-Ukraine.


  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain"Битва на реке Сити" . Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary (in Russian). 1906.

  1. ^ Sergei Ershov. Taina Bitva na reke Sit'
  2. ^ Maureen Perrie, ed. (2006). The Cambridge history of Russia. Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/CHOL9780521812276. ISBN 9780521812276. OCLC 77011698.
  3. ^ Robert Michell and Neville Forbes, eds. The Chronicle of Novgorod (London: Camden Society, 1914), 83; Janet Martin, Medieval Russia 980–1584 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995), 138–139.

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