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Clothes moth or clothing moth is the common name for several species of moth considered to be pests, whose larvae eat animal fibres (hairs), including clothing and other fabrics.
- Tineola bisselliella, the common clothes moth or webbing clothes moth
- Tinea pellionella, the case-bearing clothes moth. Obsolete names are: Phalaena (Tinea) pellionella, Phalaena zoolegella, Tinea demiurga, Tinea gerasimovi, and Tinea pelliomella
- Trichophaga tapetzella, the carpet moth or tapestry moth
- Monopis crocicapitella, pale-backed clothes moth. Particularly destructive of textiles, and found to have increased dramatically in south-west England in 2018.
- Niditinea fuscella, the brown-dotted clothes moth
The larvae of clothes moths eat animal fibres which are not removed by other scavengers. In human societies, certain garments and textiles are made of animal fibres (wool, fur, and skins are examples); several moth species eat them, creating holes and damage, and are consequently considered a pest, deriving their generic common name from their diet.
Treatment and controlEdit
Various means are used to repel or kill moths. Pheromone traps are also used both to count and to destroy clothes moths, although these only attract certain species of clothes moth so it is possible to have an active clothes moth infestation without any moths being found on the pheromone traps.
Among other methods, recommendations to protect heritage collections of textiles include checking the undersides of chairs, moving and vacuum-cleaning all furniture once a month and sealing the discarded vacuum cleaner bag, checking and shaking textiles every month, and regularly checking attics and chimneys. If textiles do become infested, adults, eggs and larvae can be killed by freezing garments in sealed bags for a fortnight (14 days).
- ^ "Monopis crocicapitella (Pale-backed Clothes Moth) - Norfolk Micro Moths - The micro moths of Norfolk". Norfolk Moths. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
- ^ Maev Kennedy (22 April 2018). "How to avoid clothes moths: live in the east Midlands". The Observer. Retrieved 22 April 2018.