Elza Jeffords

Elza Jeffords (May 23, 1826 – March 19, 1885) was a U.S. Representative from Mississippi's 3rd congressional district.

Elza Jeffords
United States Representative from Mississippi's 3rd congressional district
In office
March 4, 1883 – March 3, 1885
Preceded byHernando D. Money
Succeeded byThomas C. Catchings
Personal details
Born(1826-05-23)May 23, 1826
Ironton, Lawrence County
Ohio, USA
DiedMarch 19, 1885(1885-03-19) (aged 58)
Vicksburg, Warren County, Mississippi
Resting placeCedar Hill Cemetery near Vicksburg, Mississippi
Political partyRepublican
ChildrenHarry R. Jeffords
Military service
Branch/serviceUnited States Army: Army of the Tennessee
RankClerk of Quartermaster's Department
Battles/warsAmerican Civil War

Jeffords was born near Ironton in Lawrence County, Ohio, on May 23, 1826.[1] He grew up in Portsmouth, Ohio, where he attended public schools before apprenticing as a clerk in a law office. Jeffords read law during his apprenticeship and was admitted to the bar in 1847. After his admission to the legal profession he practiced in Portmouth.[2]

During the American Civil War, Jeffords served as a clerk in the Quartermaster's Department of the Army of the Tennessee from June 1862 to December 1863.[2] Following the war he moved to Mayersville, Issaquena County, Mississippi.[1] On February 25, 1868, General Alvan Cullem Gillem, who had been given post-Civil War command over a region including Mississippi, named Jeffords to the state supreme court, along with Thomas Shackelford and Ephraim G. Peyton.[3][4][1][5] He was a delegate to the 1872 Republican National Convention, which renominated U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant.

Jeffords was elected as a Republican to the 48th United States Congress, carrying nearly 70% of the vote.[2] He served a single term and was unsuccessful during his 1884 reelection campaign. Jeffords died on March 19, 1885, in Vicksburg, Mississippi.[6] He was interred at Cedar Hill Cemetery near Vicksburg.

Eighty years passed before another Republican represented Mississippi in the U.S. House, Prentiss Walker of Mize in Smith County, represented the 4th district for a single term from 1965 to 1967. He forfeited the seat to make an unsuccessful race against U.S. Senator James O. Eastland.


  1. ^ a b c "Obituary". Arizona Weekly Citizen. Tucson, Arizona Territory. March 28, 1885. p. 4.
  2. ^ a b c United States Congress (1885). Congressional Edition. Vol. 2265. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 48. OCLC 191710879.
  3. ^ "Latest by Telegraph", Natchez Democrat (February 27, 1868), p. 2.
  4. ^ Thomas H. Somerville, "A Sketch of the Supreme Court of Mississippi", in Horace W. Fuller, ed., The Green Bag, Vol. XI (1899), p. 511.
  5. ^ Leslie Southwick, Mississippi Supreme Court Elections: A Historical Perspective 1916-1996, 18 Miss. C. L. Rev. 115 (1997-1998).
  6. ^ "Elza Jeffords". New-York Tribune. March 20, 1885. p. 5.

External linksEdit

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Mississippi's 3rd congressional district

Succeeded by