Ernest J. H. Mackay

Ernest John Henry Mackay (5 July 1880 – 2 October 1943) was a British archeologist from Bristol known for his excavations and studies of Mohenjo-daro and other sites belonging to the Indus Valley civilisation.

Ernest J. H. Mackay
Ernest J. H. Mackay.jpg
Ernest Mackay, Archeologist
Ernest John Henry Mackay

(1880-07-05)5 July 1880
Bristol, England
Died2 October 1943(1943-10-02) (aged 63)
London, England
Other namesMackay
Known forExcavation at Mohenje-daro

Early lifeEdit

Ernest John Henry Mackay was from Bristol and attended Bristol Grammar School and Bristol University securing BA, MA and DLitt. He married Dorothy Mary Simmons in 1912, who was an anthropologist and they had one son. Between 1907 and 1912 Mackay carried out archaeological excavations in Egypt and then spent three years on a photographic survey of the Theban Tombs.[1]

During the First World War Mackay served as a captain in the Royal Army Medical Corps in Egypt and Palestine with the Imperial Camel Corps, in 1919 he was a member of an Army Commission for the survey of ancient monuments in Palestine and Syria.[1] From 1919 to 1922 he was Custodian of Antiquities for the Palestine government.[1]

Indus valley civilizationEdit

Mackay is well known for his excavations at Mohenjo-daro which was at its peak between 2500 BC and 1900 BC. He did major excavations at this site from 1926 to 1931 and published detailed site report during 1936-37, which was published during 1942. He also did planning of excavation of Chanhudaro, along with W.Norman Brown and visited Chanhudaro in 1935-36 along with his wife.[2]

Books publishedEdit

  • Chanhu-daro excavation, 1935-36. Pub. June 1942[3]
  • Indus Civilisation[4]
  • City of Shepherd Kings and Ancient Gaza V (British School Archaeology in Egypt). With W.M.Flinders Petrie[4]
  • Further Excavations At Mohenjo-daro


  • E.J.H. Mackay (1920). "Observations on a megalithic building at Bet Sawir (Palestine)". Journal of the Palestine Oriental Society. 1: 95–102.


  1. ^ a b c "Obituary." Times [London, England] 5 Oct. 1943: 6. The Times Digital Archive. Web. 16 Nov. 2014.
  2. ^ Possehl, Gregory L. "Ernest J. H. Mackay and the Penn Museum" (PDF). University of Pennsylvania Museum. Retrieved 16 November 2014.
  3. ^ "Chanbu-daro excavation, 1935-36". National Library of Australia. Retrieved 17 November 2014.
  4. ^ a b "Ernest J. H. MacKay". Retrieved 17 November 2014.

External linksEdit