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A folk costume (also regional costume, national costume, traditional garment, or traditional regalia) expresses an identity through costume, which is usually associated with a geographic area or a period of time in history. It can also indicate social, marital or religious status. If the costume is used to represent the culture or identity of a specific ethnic group, it is usually known as ethnic costume (also ethnic dress, ethnic wear, ethnic clothing, traditional ethnic wear or traditional ethnic garment). Such costumes often come in two forms: one for everyday occasions, the other for traditional festivals and formal wear. The word "costume" in this context is sometimes considered pejorative due to the multiple senses of the word, and in such cases "regalia" can be substituted without offense.
Following the rise of romantic nationalism, the pre-industrial peasantry of Europe came to serve as models for all that appeared genuine and desirable. Their garments are crystallized into so-called "typical" forms, and enthusiasts adopted that attire as part of their symbolism. These garments may be made from traditional pre-industrial textiles, in regional styles.
In areas where Western dress codes have become usual, traditional garments are often worn at special events or celebrations; particularly those connected with cultural traditions, heritage or pride. International events may cater for non-Western attendees with a compound dress code such as "business suit or national dress".
In modern times, there are instances where traditional garments are required by sumptuary laws. In Bhutan, the traditional Tibetan-style clothing of gho and kera for men, and kira and toego for women, must be worn by all citizens, including those not of Tibetan heritage. In Saudi Arabia, women are also required to wear the abaya in public.
- Cameroon – Pagne (female), Toghu (male)
- Central African Republic – Pagne
- Democratic Republic of the Congo – Pagne
- Equatorial Guinea – Pano
- Gabon – Pagne
- Republic of the Congo – Pagne
- São Tomé and Príncipe – Pano
- Burundi – Imvutano
- Comoros – Lesso (female), Kanzu (male)
- Djibouti – Macawiis (male), Koofiyad (male), Dirac (female), Garbasaar (female); the Afar people have their style of traditional clothing.
- Eritrea – Kidan Habesha (male), Zuria or Habesha kemis (female)
- Ethiopia – Ethiopian suit or Kidan Habesha (male), Habesha kemis (female); each ethnic group has a traditional style of dress.
- Kenya – Does not have a national costume. All tribes have their respective traditional garments, for example: Maasai traditional costume: Kitenge, Kikoi, Maasai beadwork
- Madagascar – Lamba
- Mauritius and Réunion – Sega dress
- Rwanda – Mushanana
- Seychelles – Kanmtole dress
- Somalia – Kanzu or Khamiis, Macawiis (male), Kitenge Koofiyad (male), Dirac (female), Guntiino (female), Garbasaar (female)
- Sudan – Jalabiyyah, Taqiyyah, and Turban (male), Toob, a cotton women's dress (female)
- Tanzania – Kanzu and Kofia (male), Kanga (female)
- Uganda – Kanzu and Kofia (male), Gomesi (female), Mushanana (Female - South Western Uganda)
- Algeria - Burnous, Caftan, Caftan El-Bey, Gandoura, Haïek, Jellaba, Mlaya, Sarouel
- Bikhmar (Ouargla)
- Blouza (Oran)
- Chedda (Tlemcen)
- Chemsa (Jijel)
- Fergani (Constantine)
- Gandoura Annabiya (Annaba)
- Ghlila, Karakou, Sarouel Mdawer (Algiers)
- Labsa M'zabia (M'zab)
- Labsa Naïlia (Ouled Naïl)
- Lefa we dlala (Annaba)
- Melhfa Chaouïa (Aures)
- Melhfa Sahraouia (Tindouf)
- Qashabiya (Djelfa et Laghouat), Labsa Kbaylia (Kabylie)
- Binouar - Sétif
- Labsa Touratia (Hoggar)
- Egypt – Galabeya
- Libya – Jellabiya, Farmla (an embroidered vest), Fouta
- Morocco – Djellaba, Fez hat and Balgha (male), Takchita (female)
- Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic – Darra'a (male), Melhfa Sahraouia (female)
- Tunisia – Jebba, Chechia, Fouta
- Angola – Pano
- Botswana - leteisi and Tshega
- Lesotho – Shweshwe clothing and blankets, Mokorotlo
- Malawi – Chitenje
- Mozambique – Capulana
- Namibia – Herero traditional clothing
- South Africa –
- Sotho: Shweshwe clothing and blankets, Mokorotlo
- Xhosa: Umbhaco
- Zulu: Isicholo
- Afrikaners and Rooineks: slouch hat, safari shirt, veldskoen, knee-high socks, khaki Bermuda shorts or trousers.
- Zambia – Chitenje
- Zimbabwe – Chitenje
- Benin – Dashiki suit and Aso Oke Hat (male), Buba and wrapper set (female)
- Burkina Faso – Batakari (male), Kaftan (female)
- Cape Verde – Pano de terra
- Côte d'Ivoire – Kente cloth (male), Kente kaba and slit set (female)
- Gambia – Boubou (male), Kaftan (female)
- Ghana – Kente cloth or Ghanaian smock and Kufi (male), Kente kaba and slit set (female), Agbada (male)
- Guinea – Boubou (male), Kaftan (female)
- Guinea-Bissau – Ethnic clothes of Guinea-Bissau; for example: Fula: Boubou (male), Kaftan (female)
- Liberia – Dashiki suit and Kufi (male), Buba and skirt set (female)
- Mali – Grand boubou and Kufi (male), Kaftan (female)
- Mauritania – Darra'a (male), Melhfa Sahraouia (female)
- Niger – Babban riga, Tagelmust, Alasho (male), Kaftan (female)
- Nigeria – Agbada, Dashiki or Isiagu and Aso Oke Hat (male), Buba and wrapper set (female)
- Senegal – Senegalese kaftan and Kufi (male), Kaftan (female)
- Togo - Batakari, Agbada or Ewe kente cloth (male), Pagne or kente kaba (female)
- Kazakhstan – Chapan, Kalpak (male), Saukele, Koylek (female)
- Kyrgyzstan – Chapan, Kalpak (male), Saukele, Koylek (female)
- Turkmenistan – Chapan
- Uzbekistan – Khalat, Tubeteika, Chapan, Turban, Paranja
- China – Cheongsam and Changshan (de facto; each ethnic groups of China have their own traditional costume)
- Japan – Wafuku: Kimono, Junihitoe, Sokutai
- Fukuoka Prefecture – Mizu happi
- Hokkaido – Ainu clothing
- Ryukyu – Ryūsō/Ryusou
- Korea – Hanbok (South Korea)/Chosŏn-ot (North Korea)
- Mongolia – Deel
- Taiwan - Aboriginal groups in Taiwan conserve traditional indigenous styles; popular styles include Amis, Atayal, Bunun and Paiwan styles
- Russia (Urals, Siberian Federal District and Far Eastern Siberia) – Clothing of Siberian nationalities (Buryat, Yakut, Altai, etc.)
- Afghanistan – Pashtun dress: Afghan cap, turban, Shalwar Kameez (male), Firaq partug, Burqa, Chador (veil) (female)
- Bangladesh – Sherwani and Kurta (male), Sari and Shalwar Kameez (female)
- Bhutan – Gho (male) and Kira (female)
- India – Achkan, Shalwar Kameez, Sherwani, Dhoti, Phiran, Churidar, Kurta, Turban (male) and Sari, Patiala salwar, Lehenga, Choli, Pathin (female)
- Maldives – Dhivehi libaas (women) and Dhivehi mundu (men)
- Nepal – Daura-Suruwal and Dhaka topi, (male) and Gunyou Cholo (female); Traditional Newar, Sunuwar, Rai, Limbu ([bakku, chuwa])clothing
- Pakistan – Peshawari turban, Shalwar Kameez, Churidar (male), Shalwar Kameez and Dupatta (female), Punjabi turban
- Sri Lanka – Kandyan sari (female)
- Brunei – Baju Melayu, Songkok (male), Baju Kurung, Tudung (female)
- Cambodia – Sampot, Apsara, Sabai, Krama, Chang kben
- East Timor – Tais cloth clothing
- Indonesia – (See: National costume of Indonesia). There are hundreds of types of folk costumes in Indonesia because of the diversity in the island nation. Each ethnic group of Indonesia have their own traditional costume;
- Batak tribe: Ulos
- Javanese people: Beskap, Batik shirt, Blangkon, Songkok, Sarong (male), Kebaya, Tudung, Sarong (female).
- Malay people: Baju Melayu, Baju Kurung, Songket
- Papua: Koteka
- Laos – xout lao, suea pat, pha hang, pha biang, sinh
- Malaysia – Baju Melayu and Songkok (male), Baju Kurung, Baju Kebarung (Kebaya/Kurung hybrid), Tudung (female); every state has its style of baju including a special baju for the Federal Territories.
- Myanmar – Longyi, Gaung baung
- Philippines – Barong (male) and Baro't saya; Maria Clara gown, Terno (female), Malong, Patadyong, Tapis, Salakot
- Chinese Singaporeans - Hanfu, Cheongsam (female), Tangzhuang (male)，Changpao (male)
- Indian Singaporeans - Sari (Female), Dhoti (Male), Kurta
- Malay Singaporeans - Baju Melayu (Male), Baju Kurung (female), Sarong
- Peranakans - Kebaya (female), Baju Lokchuan (male)
- Thailand – Chut thai: Thai female: Thai Chakkri, Thai male: Suea Phraratchathan, Both genders: Chong kraben and Sabai
- Vietnam – Việt phục: Áo giao lĩnh, Áo dài, Áo tứ thân, Áo bà ba
- Armenia - Armenian dress, Arkhalig, Arakhchin, Burka, Chokha, Kalpak, Papakha, Shalvar
- Azerbaijan – Azerbaijani traditional clothing: Arkhalig, Chokha, Kelaghayi, Kalpak
- Cyprus - Zimbouni (waistcoat) and Vraka (breeches) (men) and Saiya (formal festival dress) (women)
- Israel – Sudra, Tanakhi sandals, Tembel hat, Yemenite Jewish clothes; Jewish religious clothing: Rekel, Bekishe, Tzitzit, Kippah, Tichel.
- Iran – Chador, Turban, Thawb (Dishdasha/Kameez), Kurdish clothing, Zardozi, Battoulah
- Iraq – Assyrian clothing, Keffiyeh, Hashimi Dress, Bisht, Dishdasha, Kurdish clothing, Agal, Bisht
- Jordan – Keffiyeh, Bisht, Bedouin clothing
- Lebanon – Tantour, Labbade, Sherwal, Keffiyeh, Taqiyah
- Kuwait – Dishdasha, Keffiyeh
- Oman – Dishdasha, Khanjar, Keffiyeh
- Palestine – Most regions in Palestine have their specific design of a traditional costume, the thobe, not to be confused with the Arabian Peninsula men's garment of the same name, with those of Bethlehem and Ramallah being the most popular varieties. The Palestinian style of keffiyeh is regarded as a popular headdress and symbol of Palestinian identity.
- Qatar – Thawb, Keffiyeh
- Saudi Arabia – Thawb, Ghutrah, Agal, Bisht, Abaya, Jilbab, Niqab
- Syria – Dishdasha, Sirwal, Taqiyah, Keffiyeh
- Turkey - Kalpak, Yazma, Kaftan, Turban, Salvar, Çarık,Cepken-Yelek, Boynuz Kemer -Horn belt
- United Arab Emirates – Kandura, Abaya; older women would still wear the battoulah visor
- Yemen – Thawb, Izaar, Turban, Jambiya, Niqab
- Belarus – Slutsk stash, the national type of wimple (namitka)
- Georgia – Chokha (Every region has its own specific design of Chokha), Papakha
- Ossetia – Chokha
- Russia – Bast shoes, Boyar hat, Ryasna, Sarafan, Kaftan, Kokoshnik, Kosovorotka, Ushanka, Valenki; (Sami) Gákti, Luhkka for colder weather
- Caucasus republics (for example, Chechnya, North Ossetia-Alania and Adygea) – Chokha, Papakha, Ushanka in cold weather
- Mordovia - Mordovian national costumes
- Ukraine – National costumes of Ukraine: Vyshyvanka, Sharovary, Żupan, Ukrainian wreath
- Austria - Each state has a specific design on national costume; the most famous is that of Tyrol, consisting of the characteristic Tyrolean tracht and dirndls.
- Czech Republic – Kroje
- Hungary – National costumes of Hungary
- Poland – Czamara, Żupan, Kontusz, Rogatywka (National costumes of Poland)
- Slovakia – Kroj (embroidered traditional dress)
- Denmark – Folkedragt
- Faroe Islands – Føroysk klæði
- Greenland – Anorak
- Estonia – Rahvariided
- Finland – Every region has its own specific design of national costume (kansallispuku, nationaldräkt). These vary widely. Many of them resemble Swedish costumes, but some take influences from Russian costumes as well. For the Sami in Finland, each place has its own Gákti or Luhkka for colder weather.
- Iceland – Þjóðbúningurinn
- Ireland – Aran sweater, Irish walking hat, flat cap, Grandfather shirt, Galway shawl, brogue, Irish stepdance costume
- Latvia - Tautastērps
- Lithuania - Tautinis kostiumas
- Norway – Every county (including Svalbard, which isn't a county) has a designated style of folk costume, or Bunad; the most famous bunader come from Hardanger and Setesdal; Sami: Gákti, and for colder weather, Luhkka
- Sweden – the traditional folkdräkt has been specific to the local region and varied from province to province but has since 1983 been supplemented by an official National Costume, Sverigedräkten, common for all; 18th century: Nationella dräkten; Sami: Gákti, Luhkka for colder weather
- United Kingdom: Every constituent country has its own national costume.
- England – English country clothing, Morris dance costumes, Flat cap, English clogs
- Cornwall – Sou'wester hat, fisherman's smock, gansey, bal-maiden clothing, Cornish kilts and tartans
- Lancashire – Lancashire shawl, English clogs
- London – Pearly kings and queens
- Northumbria - Maud, blue bonnet, Rapper dance costumes, Northumberland kilts and tartan
- Southern England – smock
- Northern Ireland: Similar to the rest of Ireland.
- Scotland – Highland dress: Kilt or trews, tam o'shanter or Balmoral bonnet, doublet, Aboyne dress, and brogues or ghillies.
- Scottish Lowlands: Similar to Northumbria – Maud, blue bonnet
- Wales – Traditional Welsh costume
- England – English country clothing, Morris dance costumes, Flat cap, English clogs
- Albania – Albanian Traditional Clothing, Fustanella, Tirq, Xhamadan, Opinga
- Andorra – Barretina, espadrilles
- Bulgaria – Every town has its own design of a national costume (nosia), with different types of clothing items traditional for each of the ethnographic regions of the country.
- Croatia – Croatian national costume, Lika cap, Šibenik cap
- Greece – Fustanella, Breeches(Vraka), Amalia costume.
- Greek fisherman's caps in many coastal villages by the Aegean sea.
- Italy – Italian folk dance costumes; Roman clothing: Toga, Stola
- South Tyrol – Tracht and Dirndl
- Sardinia – Every town has its design of the traditional folk costume (see also Sardinian people for more information).
- Sicily – Coppola, Arbereshe costumes
- Kosovo – Traditional clothing of Kosovo, Qeleshe, Tirq, Xhubleta, Xhamadan, Opinga
- Malta – Għonnella
- Montenegro – Montenegrin cap
- North Macedonia – Macedonian national costume
- Portugal – Every region has its own specific design of a national costume. The most famous costumes come from Viana do Castelo and Nazaré.
- Romania – Romanian dress
- Serbia – Every region has different design of a national costume. Serbian traditional clothing, Lika cap, Montenegrin cap, Opanci, Šajkača, Šubara
- Slovenia – Gorenjska narodna noša
- Spain – Every autonomous region has its own national costume.
- Andalusia - Sombrero cordobes, traje de flamenca, traje de luces, montera
- Basque Country – Beret, espadrilles
- Canary Islands - Every island has its specific style of traditional dress. Néstor Martín-Fernández de la Torre designed a costume in Gran Canaria in 1934 to serve as pan-islander costume for all islands, but only caught on in Gran Canaria, being specific to its capital city Las Palmas.
- Catalonia - Barretina, Faixa
- Galicia - Each province has its regional costume.
- Belgium – Bleu sårot (Wallonia)
- France – Every administrative region has a style of folk costume, varying by department. For example, Brittany, with Breton costume varying by department and predominantly used in Cercles celtiques, pardons and festivals.
- Germany – Every state has its own specific design of a national costume (Tracht). For example, Bavaria's well-known tracht: Lederhosen and Dirndl.
- Liechtenstein – Tracht, Dirndl
- Netherlands – Many areas, villages and towns used to have their own traditional style of clothing. In the 21st century, only a few hundred people still wear the traditional dresses and suits on a daily basis. They can be found mainly in Staphorst (about 700 women), Volendam (about 50 men) and Marken (about 40 women). Most well-known parts of Dutch folk costumes outside the Netherlands are probably the Dutch woman's bonnet and klompen.
- Switzerland - Every canton has a specific design of national dress. The most famous Swiss costumes come mainly from the German-speaking cantons of Appenzell, Bern and Zug.
- Antigua and Barbuda – plaid dress, with white pinafore for women, designed by Heather Doram
- Bahamas - None, unofficially Androsia-cloth clothing. Junkanoo costumes can be considered folk costume but fall more into the sector of carnival dress than traditional garment.
- Cuba – Guayabera, panama hat (male), guarachera (female)
- Dominican Republic – Chacabana, panama hat
- Dominica – Madras
- Haiti – Karabela dress (female), Shirt jacket (male)
- Jamaica – Bandanna cloth Quadrille dress (female), Bandanna cloth shirt and white trousers (male), Jamaican Tam
- Puerto Rico – Guayabera, panama hat (male), enaguas (female)
- St. Lucia – Madras
- Trinidad and Tobago – Tobago has an Afro-Tobagonian Creole culture with the Bélé costumes as their typical garment, commonly made of madras. Trinidad, however, has no defined national garment; the two major ethnic groups in the island wear the following during cultural occasions:
- Afro-Trinidadians - Shirt jacket or Dashiki (male), Booboo (female)
- Indo-Trinidadian - Kurta, Dhoti, Sherwani (male), Sari, Choli, Lehenga (female)
- Belize – Mestizos - Huipil (female), Guayabera (male); Mayas - All tribes wear distinct kinds of Mayan dress.
- Guatemala – Huipil, Corte skirt, Tocado (female), Todosantero suit (male)
- Nicaragua – Huipil, Rebozo (female), Cotona (male)
- Panama – Pollera (female), Montuno (male)
- Bermuda – Bermuda shorts
- First Nations – button blanket, buckskins, moccasins, Chilkat blanket, Cowichan sweater, war bonnet. The use of the term costume to denote traditional dress may be considered derogatory in First Nations communities. Regalia is the preferred term.
- Lumberjacks of Quebec and Ontario – Traditional logging wear includes mackinaw jackets or flannel shirts, with headgear being a tuque or trapper hat; a good example is seen with folk characters like Big Joe Mufferaw.
- Maritimes – Acadians wear their traditional heritage clothing on special occasions like the Tintamarre. The Scottish background in Nova Scotia has brought the Nova Scotia tartan as folk wear in the form of kilts, aboyne dresses and trews for Scottish highland dance competitions.
- Métis – Ceinture fléchée, Capote, Moccasins
- Newfoundland - Traditional mummers dress in masks and baggy clothes in Christmas season celebrations; the Cornish influence has also brought yellow oilskins and sou'westers as typical wear in coastal areas.
- Nunavut and other Inuit communities – Parka, mukluks, amauti
- Prairies – Western wear is common on events such as the Calgary Stampede; often worn with Calgary White Hats.
- Quebec and French Canadians – Ceinture fléchée, Capote, tuque
- Mexico – Charro outfit, Guayabera, Sarape, Sombrero (male), Rebozo, China Poblana dress (female); every state has a typical folk dress, for example:
- Chiapas – Chiapaneca
- Chihuahua and Coahuila – cowboy hats, cowboy boots, bandanna
- Oaxaca: Tehuana
- Querétaro, Hidalgo and San Luis Potosí - Quechquemitl
- Sonora - Sonora is unique among Mexican states to not have a defined representative costume, yet the indigenous clothing, especially the Deer dance costume of the Yaqui and the women's clothing of the Seri, is very popular. However, the Sonora Bronco styles of Norteño folk dance have a costume akin to that of neighboring Chihuahua, but is not mostly regarded as a definite costume for Sonora.
- Tamaulipas Cuera tamaulipeca
- Veracruz - Guayabera
- Yucatán – Guayabera (male), Huipil (female)
- United States:
- Alaska – Kuspuks, worn with dark pants and mukluks, as well as parkas are traditional native wear.
- Hawaii – Aloha shirt, Muumuu, Holokū, Pāʻū (skirt; can be made of kapa cloth or grass; modern variations are textile cloth-based with Hawaiian leaf and flower motifs), Malo (loincloth)
- American Southwest, Texas and rural areas in the Midwestern and Western US – Western wear, derived from original Mexican vaquero and American pioneer garb is traditional dress in Texas, the Southwestern US, and many rural communities, including cowboy hats, Western shirts, cowboy boots, jeans, chaps, prairie skirts, and bolo ties.
- Utah – Mormons may dress in 19th-century pioneer clothing for Mormon trek-related activities and events.
- American Upper Midwest, Pacific Northwest, the northern portions of the Great Lakes Basin and northern New England (especially Maine) – Due to the cold weather, the garb in rural areas tends to more closely adhere to heavier materials, such as flannel shirts or Buffalo plaid mackinaw jackets, and a knit cap or, in the case of the Upper Peninsula, a Stormy Kromer cap. A good example is seen in the typical attire of Paul Bunyan, a folk hero popular in areas where logging was a common occupation, as well as lumberjacks working in the area.
- The Amish (mostly found in Pennsylvania, Ohio and Indiana) follow a style of plain dress.
- Deep South –
- Louisiana – The Cajun people of Louisiana traditionally wear the colorful capuchon for Mardi Gras celebrations. Creole women used to historically wear the tignon, mostly in plain or madras fabrics, but it is now sometimes worn for heritage events or cultural reasons.
- South Carolina and Georgia – Gullah communities in the South Carolina Lowcountry and Sea Islands preserve the traditional African-style clothing and culture.
- Nantucket – Summer residents of Nantucket will often wear Nantucket Reds.
- Various styles of Native American clothing; for example, traditional pow-wow regalia for Plains Indians: Moccasins, buckskins, glass beads, breech clouts, and war bonnets or roaches. The use of the term costume to denote traditional dress may be considered derogatory in Native American communities. Regalia is the preferred term.
- New York – According to folklorist Washington Irving, knickerbockers similar to the breeches of the Pilgrims and Founding Fathers were traditionally worn by many wealthy Dutch families in 19th century New York. Historically, these short pants remained commonplace among young urban American boys until the mid 20th century.
- Patriotic historic European-American costume, especially in the Northeastern United States, includes clothing styles of the Plymouth Pilgrims, Founding Fathers of the United States, William Penn, or Minutemen. (See 1775–95 in Western fashion § Men's fashion.)
Australia and New ZealandEdit
- Aboriginal Australians: fibercraft-made clothing, possum cloak
- European Australians: cork hat, bushwear: Moleskin trousers, bush shirt, Akubra slouch hat, Driza-Bone coat, Australian work boots
- Torres Strait Islands – Augemwalli
- New Zealand
- Māori – Piupiu, korowai or kakahu huruhuru.
- New Zealand Europeans - Swanndri bush jacket, slouch hat, walk shorts, and knee-high socks; or a black singlet and rugby shorts.
- Fiji – Sulu, Tapa cloth (called masi), I-sala
- New Caledonia – Manou, Robes mission
- Papua New Guinea – Meri blaus, lap-lap, Koteka
- Vanuatu – Aelan dress, Lap-lap
- Federated States of Micronesia - Lap-lap (male), Grass skirt (female)
- Palau - Lap-lap (male), Grass skirt (female)
- Cook Islands – Pareo
- French Polynesia – Pareo
- Samoa – Lavalava, Puletasi, 'ie toga clothing
- Tonga – Tupenu, Ta'ovala, Tapa cloth
- Argentina – Gaucho costume; every province has a specific design of poncho, with the poncho salteño being the most recognized.
- Bolivia – Poncho, Chullo, Andean pollera
- Brazil – Each region has its own traditional costume.
- Bahia – Baiana and Abadá
- Brazilian carnival or Samba costumes for Rio de Janeiro.
- Caipiras (Brazilian country folk) in Sao Paulo, Goiás and other nearby states conserve traditional folk styles of clothing, imitated by participants of festa juninas.
- Gaúcho costumes for Rio Grande Do Sul.
- Indigenous clothes for many states within the Amazônia Legal area
- Northeastern sertão (desert) – Vaqueiro or Cangaceiro clothing
- Chile – Huaso costume: Chamanto, Chupalla
- Colombia – Sombrero Vueltiao, ruana, white shirt, trousers and alpargatas (male), blouse, Cumbia pollera, Sombrero vueltiao and alpargatas (female); every region has a distinct costume.
- Ecuador – Poncho, Panama hat
- Guyana - Guyana is unique among South American nations to not have a designated style of national dress. Every ethnic group wears their cultural clothing during important events or occasions:
- Afro-Guyanese - Dashiki or Shirt jacket (male), Booboo (female)
- Indo-Guyanese - Kurta, Sherwani, Churidar (male), Sari, Lehenga (female)
- Every indigenous tribe wears their tribal clothes during culture events or important occasions.
- Paraguay – Ao po'i
- Peru – Chullo, Poncho, Andean pollera
- Suriname – Kotomisse, Pangi cloth
- Uruguay – Gaucho costume
- Venezuela – Llanero costume (Liqui liqui and pelo e' guama hat; men), Joropo dress and pelo e' guama hat (women)
A statue in Ancient Egypt a Pharaoh wearing a Nemes
Women in Ancient Egypt wearing a Kalasiris
A group of Nigerian women wearing pagne.
Yoruba men in folk costume in Nigeria
A Moroccan women wearing Takshita in 1939
Kitenge dress in Kenya
Ancient Babylonia wearing traditional dress
The Persian musicians wearing traditional clothes
Assyria family wearing traditional clothes in 1910
Tuvan horse-riders wearing deel.
Cambodian Sompot Chong Kben
Indonesian girl wearing traditional Palembangese Songket
Armenians in Arkhalig.
Palestinian costume from Bethlehem.
Filipino young woman wearing a Maria Clara gown or Traje de mestiza
Women wearing a Hanbok traditional dress in Korean
The Afghan children wearing a traditional clothes
Islamic Countries in Middle East women wearing Abaya
The King Faisal and Arabians wearing traditional clothes when from visiting US President Richard Nixon
A women wearing Ruqun in China
Two Malay women wearing Baju Kurung
In Ancient Greek a statue wearing Chiton
Two statue both women and men are wearing Himation in Ancient Greek
A status has example of Stola in Ancient Roman Empire for women
For men in Ancient Roman Empire wearing a Toga
Andalusian folk costumes from Spain
A three women wearing a Vyshyvanka tradional clothes in Ukraine
Traditional Łowicz dress in Poland
A Siksika Blackfoot capote; the capote is seen as the traditional coat of the Métis, some Prairie First Nations and French-Canadian Voyageurs.
Mayan folk clothing from Nebaj.
Charro is men wearing from Mexico
China Poblana dress, emblematic of the City of Puebla and sometimes considered the national costume of Mexico.
A two women wearing Pollera in Panama
Blue jeans, Stetsons and press stud plaid Western shirts, c.1950
Ulster American folk costume worn in a museum in Northern Ireland; Ulster Americans primarily lived in the Appalachian region
Cowboy attire is a example of Western wear from Western America
An Andean man in traditional dress
Gaucho wearing the poncho salteño.
A Cumbia (Colombia) dancer holding a Sombrero vueltiao.
- ^ See wikt:costume#Usage notes[better source needed]
- ^ "Folk costume". estonica.org. Retrieved 7 February 2022.
- ^ "Носиите – Жеравна 2014". Nosia.bg. 2013-06-16. Retrieved 2014-08-27.
- ^ "Български народни носии – България в стари снимки и пощенски картички". Retrobulgaria.com. Retrieved 2014-08-27.
- ^ Condra, Jill, ed. (2013). Encyclopedia of National Dress, Vol. I. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO. p. 123. ISBN 9780313376375.
- ^ Condra, Jill, ed. (2013). Encyclopedia of National Dress, Vol. I. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO. p. 123. ISBN 9780313376375.