Gilbert Bayes

Gilbert William Bayes (4 April 1872 – 10 July 1953) was an English sculptor.[1] His art works varied in scale from medals to large architectural clocks, monuments and equestrian statues and he was also a designer of some note, creating chess pieces, mirrors and cabinets.[2]

Gilbert William Bayes
Born(1872-04-04)4 April 1872
London, England
Died10 July 1953(1953-07-10) (aged 81)
Marylebone, London
Known forSculpture


The Queen of Time, Selfridges, London, 1928
Destiny, war memorial, Albion Gardens, Ramsgate, Kent, 1920
Prehistoric Period
Classic period
National Museum Cardiff, 1914–1915

Bayes was born in London into a family of artists, his father being Alfred Walter Bayes, an established artist at the time. He was one of four children and brother to both the well-known artist and critic Walter Bayes, and to the Arts & Crafts designer Jessie Bayes. Gilbert Bayes studied at the City and Guilds of London Art School and then at the Royal Academy Schools between 1896 and 1899, where he won a gold medal and a travelling scholarship to Paris.[3][2] Bayes' lengthy and illustrious career began as a student under Sir George Frampton and Harry Bates,[4] and so became associated with the British New Sculpture movement and its focus on architectural sculpture. He first exhibited at the Royal Academy in London in 1889, aged 17.[5] In Paris, Bayes won an honourable mention at the 1900 International Exhibition, then several medals at the Paris Salon and, in 1925, a gold medal and diploma of honour at the Exhibition of Decorative Art.[6] His work was part of the sculpture event in the art competition at the 1928 Summer Olympics.[7]

Bayes is perhaps best remembered for his interest in colour, his association with the Royal Doulton Company, and his work in polychrome ceramics and enamelled bronze. His 1939 major polychrome stonework frieze, Pottery through the Ages at the Doulton Headquarters in London was removed in the 1960s when the building was razed, and the 50 foot long work was re-located to the Victoria and Albert Museum.[5][2][8] He also designed a number of war memorials, with public works throughout the former British Empire, from New South Wales to Bangalore.

In 1896, Bayes was elected to the Art Workers' Guild, and in 1925 was elected to the position of Master.[2] Bayes served as president of the Royal British Society of Sculptors, PRBS, from 1939 through 1944, and of the Ealing Art Group from 1947–1953.[5] He died in London in 1953.[3] Bayes' home at 4 Greville Place in St. John's Wood bears a blue plaque erected by English Heritage in 2007.[9]

Personal lifeEdit

In 1906, Bayes married Gertrude Smith, a fellow sculptor, in Farnham, Surrey. They had two children:

  • Eleanor Jean Gilbert Bayes (1908–1999), also an artist
  • Geoffrey Gilbert Bayes (1912–2001)



The Victoria and Albert Museum in South Kensington has named a gallery after Bayes.[18] In 2011 the Royal British Society of Sculptors created the Gilbert Bayes Award for early career sculptors.[19]


  1. ^ a b Ian Chilvers (2004). The Oxford Dictionary of Art. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-860476-9.
  2. ^ a b c d e f University of Glasgow History of Art / HATII (2011). "Gilbert William Bayes HRI, PRBS". Mapping the Practice and Profession of Sculpture in Britain & Ireland 1851–1951. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  3. ^ a b Frances Spalding (1990). 20th Century Painters and Sculptors. Antique Collectors' Club. ISBN 1-85149-106-6.
  4. ^ Public sculpture of Glasgow By Raymond McKenzie, Gary Nisbet
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h "Gilbert Bayes (1872-1953)". Royal Society of Sculptors. Retrieved 8 November 2021.
  6. ^ a b c David Buckman (2006). Artists in Britain Since 1945 Vol 1, A to L. Art Dictionaries Ltd. ISBN 0-953260-95-X.
  7. ^ "Gilbert Bayes". Olympedia. Retrieved 29 July 2020.
  8. ^ a b c "Pottery through the Ages". Victoria and Albert Museum. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  9. ^ "BAYES, GILBERT (1931-1953)". English Heritage. Retrieved 23 October 2021.
  10. ^ John Newman (1995). Glamorgan. The Buildings of Wales. London: Penguin. p. 228.
  11. ^ Historic England. "Hythe War Memorial, Hythe (1430450)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 10 May 2020.
  12. ^ AGNSW Catalogue references Offerings of Peace and Offerings of War
  13. ^ "First World War Commemorations At Home". Newfoundland & Labrador in the First World War. Memorial University of Newfoundland. Retrieved 7 April 2020.
  14. ^ "SEGRAVE TROPHY". The Sydney Morning Herald. No. 29, 477. 25 June 1932. p. 9. Retrieved 14 December 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  15. ^ "SPIRIT OF ADVENTURE". The Mercury. Vol. CXXXVI, no. 20, 222. Tasmania. 1 June 1932. p. 3. Retrieved 14 December 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  16. ^ Roland Jeffery, Housing Happenings in Somers Town in Housing the Twentieth Century Nation, Twentieth Century Architecture No 9, 2008, ISBN 978-0-9556687-0-8
  17. ^ BBC Broadcasting House reliefs
  18. ^ "Room 111: The Gilbert Bayes Sculpture Gallery". V & A. Retrieved 22 October 2021.
  19. ^ "Awards - Gilbert Bayes Award". Royal British Society of Sculptors. Retrieved 22 October 2021.

External linksEdit