Afghanistan Ring Road

(Redirected from Highway 1 (Afghanistan))

National Highway 01 or NH01, formally called the Ring Road (Pashto: د افغانستان حلقوي سړک; Dari: شاهراه حلقوی افغانستان), is a 2,200-kilometre (1,400 mi) two-lane road network circulating inside Afghanistan, connecting the following major cities (clockwise): Kabul, Maidan Shar, Ghazni, Kandahar, Delaram, Herat, Maymana, Sheberghan, Mazar-i-Sharif, Puli Khumri and back to Kabul. It has extensions that connect Jalalabad, Bamyan, Khost, Lashkargah, Zaranj (Route 606), Farah, Islam Qala, Torghundi, and Kunduz. It is part of AH1, the longest route of the Asian Highway Network. National Highway 01 consists of four major sections, NH0101 to NH0104, linking the major economic centers.[1]

National Highway 1
Dari: شاهراه حلقوی افغانستان
Pashto: د افغانستان حلقوي سړک
Route information
Part of AH1
Highway system
Map of Afghanistan's Ring Road and major projects supported by the USA as of March 2006


Part of National Highway 1 has been refurbished since late 2003, particularly the Kabul–Kandahar Highway, with funds provided by the United States, Saudi Arabia and others. Most work on that stretch was done by Turkish, Indian and local companies. Japanese companies were also involved near the southern Afghan province of Kandahar. In the west, Iran participated in the two-lane road construction between Islam Qala and the western Afghan city of Herat. Pakistan rebuilt the Jalalabad–Kabul Road.[citation needed]

Kabul to KandaharEdit

The Kabul–Kandahar Highway (NH0101) is a 483-kilometer (300 mi) section of National Highway 01 linking two of Afghanistan's largest cities, Kabul and Kandahar.[2] This highway is a key portion of the Ring Road. Approximately 35 percent of Afghanistan's population lives within 50 km (31 mi) of the Kabul to Kandahar portion of the Ring Road.

The Kabul–Kandahar highway underwent major repairs carried out by the United States and Japanese governments with assistance in planning and design by Turkish and Indian engineers. Phase one of paving was completed in December 2003 and the highway was opened to traffic.[3] However, the road has badly deteriorated since that time, from heavy trucks and also from terrorist sabotage. Furthermore, armed guards must protect highway repair crews from ambushes. Banditry and extortion at Taliban checkpoints continue to be problems.[4]

Kandahar to HeratEdit

National Highway 01 between Kandahar and Herat consists of two sections, NH0101, running from Kandahar to Delaram, and NH0102, running from Delaram to Herat.[5]

Kabul to JalalabadEdit

National Highway 8 (NH08) runs from Jalalabad to Kabul, following the Tang-e Gharu gorge, parallel to the Kabul River, for 64 kilometres (40 mi).[6] The two-lane Kabul Gorge highway runs along 600 metres (2,000 ft) cliffs. Fatal traffic accidents occur in this area, mainly due to reckless driving.[7]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Application of Road Numbering System National Highway", [1] Archived 7 May 2017 at the Wayback Machine The Ministry of Public Works (16 October 2015)
  2. ^ "Application of Road Numbering System National Highway"
  3. ^ USAID Press Release: Afghans Celebrate Phase I Completion of Kabul to Kandahar Highway Archived 20 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Goldstein, Joseph; Muzhary, Fazal (24 March 2015). "Attack by Gunmen on Afghan Highway Unnerves Travelers". New York Times. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  5. ^ "Application of Road Numbering System National Highway"
  6. ^ "Application of Road Numbering System National Highway"
  7. ^ Dexter Filkins, "Sarobi Journal: On Afghan Road, Scenes of Beauty and Death", The New York Times (7 February 2010)