Independence Day (Turkmenistan)

Independence Day of Turkmenistan (Turkmen: Garaşsyzlyk baýramy, Гарашсызлык бaйрaмы) is the main state holiday in Turkmenistan. This date is celebrated in Turkmenistan annually on September 27.[1][2][3]

Independence Day
Turkmen: Garaşsyzlyk baýramy
Turkmen Cyrillic: Гарашсызлык бaйрaмы
Observed by Turkmenistan
SignificanceThe day the Declaration of Independence was adopted by the Turkmen SSR Supreme Soviet in 1991
CelebrationsFireworks, Concerts
DateSeptember 27
Next time27 September 2023 (2023-09-27)


The Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic participated in the referendum held in March 1991 in an attempt to preserve the Soviet Union as a renewed federation called the Union of Sovereign States, a referendum in which 98.26% of voters approved.

Following the events of the failed coup that took place in August, the Supreme Soviet of the Turkmenistan decided to adopt the law "About Independence and Bases of a State System of Turkmenistan", effectively declaring its independence on 27 October 1991. After disintegration of the USSR, the Turkmen SSR became one of the last republics in the former Soviet Union to proclaim state sovereignty. In 2018, the government of Turkmenistan voted to move the date exactly a month back to September 27.


When it comes to formal protocol, there is a ceremony of laying flowers at the Independence Monument, followed by a massive military parade on the central square of Ashgabat.[4][5] The military parade is followed by the mass procession of representatives of the five provinces, capital of Ashgabat, as well as workers in various branches of Turkmenistan's economy.[6] On Independence Day, a tradition of awarding outstanding citizens and cultural figures state awards is common practice. World leaders such as the President of Russia[7] and the President of the United States typically deliver congratulations to the Turkmen nation. In many cities of the country, festive events and concerts are held. Salutes and fireworks in honor of independence are also traditional events.[8] The holiday is celebrated with festivities on September 27.[9]

Notable individual commemorationsEdit



  1. ^ Republic of Turkmenistan's Independence Day
  2. ^ AnydayGuide. "Independence Day in Turkmenistan / October 27, 2017". AnydayGuide. Retrieved 2017-10-12.
  3. ^ "Analysis: How Close is Turkmenistan to Instability?".
  4. ^ Turkmenistan celebrates Independence Day
  5. ^ "В Ашхабаде прошел военный парад в честь Дня независимости".
  6. ^ "Turkmenistan celebrates Independence Day |". Retrieved 2017-08-10.
  7. ^ "Turkmen Mark Independence". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 2017-09-16.
  8. ^ President of Turkmenistan conducts a working meeting
  10. ^ "Парад в честь 2-ой годовщины Независимости Туркменистана в 1993 году (видео) — - новости Туркменистана". Retrieved 2017-12-18.
  11. ^ "History of Army School of Music". Pakistan Army Museum. Archived from the original on 21 February 2020. Retrieved 13 January 2022.
  12. ^ "Turkmenistan to commission a number of new facilities to celebrate Independence Day |". Retrieved 2020-12-29.
  13. ^ "Туркменистан отпраздновал 20-летие своей независимости". Официальный сайт МГИМО МИД России. Retrieved 2020-12-28.
  14. ^ "В Туркменистане в честь 30-летия независимости посадят 30 миллионов деревьев | Общество".