Jajim (Persian: جاجیم; Azerbaijani: Cecim; Turkish: Cicim; Russian: Джаджим) also spelled as gelims, or Jajim-bafi,[1] is a handmade, flat-woven textile made of colored natural fiber which is created and used in the majority of villages and rural areas of Iran.[2][3] Other locations the Jajim is found include Azerbaijan, Turkey, and India.

Jajim of the Kermanshah Province
Jajim of the Kermanshah Province


Woman weaving Jajim on a loom

The nomadic Shahsevan people are thought to be the originators of the handicraft.[4] Jajim is a thicker textile, similar to a blanket. The yarn used to created Jajim are either wool, cotton, or a wool and cotton-blend. In contrast to the classically woven kilims and carpets which is a single panel, to weave a Jajim you create multiple narrow woven panels (often 4) and the panels are sewn together.[5]

They traditionally were used as way for nomadic people to pack their belongings for migration.[6] They have also been used as a mattress, to wrap a bed,[7] as a korsi cover (a table heater),[7] as a curtain,[5] as a tent,[5] and as a carpet. After a Qashqai bride and groom are married, they use Jajim to create a ceremonial tent.[5]

Since 2020, the Iran Ministry of Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism has been investing money in promoting the ancient craft through an educational program.[1] Several museum collections have Jajims, include at the Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco (FAMSF).[8]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b "Neglected craft of jajim-bafi to be revived in Ilam". Tehran Times. March 9, 2022. Retrieved 2022-10-06.
  2. ^ Tanavoli, Parviz (2001). ‏دستبافهاى روستايى و عشايرى ورامين [Village handlooms and tribes of Varamin] (in Persian). Yassavoli. ISBN 978-964-306-211-8.
  3. ^ Hall, Elster; Barnard, Nicholas (1996). Persian Kilims. Iran: Yasavoli Publishing. ISBN 978-9643060053.
  4. ^ Kistler, Edi (February 1999). "Shahsavan (die dem Shah dienen)" (PDF). Torba Das Teppichmagazin (in German). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-01-19.
  5. ^ a b c d Huang, Julia (2014-09-19). Tribeswomen of Iran: Weaving Memories among Qashqa’i Nomads. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 293. ISBN 978-0-85773-563-8.
  6. ^ Tanavoli, Parviz (2002). Persian Flatweaves: A Survey of Flatwoven Floor Covers and Hangings and Royal Masnads. Antique Collectors' Club. pp. 272–273. ISBN 978-1-85149-335-7.
  7. ^ a b "Khalkhal nominated for national city of Jajim weaving". Tehran Times. 2022-04-12. Retrieved 2022-10-06.
  8. ^ "Multi-purpose cover (jajim) -". FAMSF Search the Collections. 2015-05-08. Retrieved 2022-10-06.