Jajim (Persian: جاجیم; Azerbaijani: Cecim; Turkish: Cicim; Russian: Джаджим) also spelled as gelims, or Jajim-bafi, is a handmade, flat-woven textile made of colored natural fiber which is created and used in the majority of villages and rural areas of Iran. Other locations the Jajim is found include Azerbaijan, Turkey, and India.
The nomadic Shahsevan people are thought to be the originators of the handicraft. Jajim is a thicker textile, similar to a blanket. The yarn used to created Jajim are either wool, cotton, or a wool and cotton-blend. In contrast to the classically woven kilims and carpets which is a single panel, to weave a Jajim you create multiple narrow woven panels (often 4) and the panels are sewn together.
They traditionally were used as way for nomadic people to pack their belongings for migration. They have also been used as a mattress, to wrap a bed, as a korsi cover (a table heater), as a curtain, as a tent, and as a carpet. After a Qashqai bride and groom are married, they use Jajim to create a ceremonial tent.
Since 2020, the Iran Ministry of Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism has been investing money in promoting the ancient craft through an educational program. Several museum collections have Jajims, include at the Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco (FAMSF).
- ^ a b "Neglected craft of jajim-bafi to be revived in Ilam". Tehran Times. March 9, 2022. Retrieved 2022-10-06.
- ^ Tanavoli, Parviz (2001). دستبافهاى روستايى و عشايرى ورامين [Village handlooms and tribes of Varamin] (in Persian). Yassavoli. ISBN 978-964-306-211-8.
- ^ Hall, Elster; Barnard, Nicholas (1996). Persian Kilims. Iran: Yasavoli Publishing. ISBN 978-9643060053.
- ^ Kistler, Edi (February 1999). "Shahsavan (die dem Shah dienen)" (PDF). Torba Das Teppichmagazin (in German). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-01-19.
- ^ a b c d Huang, Julia (2014-09-19). Tribeswomen of Iran: Weaving Memories among Qashqa’i Nomads. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 293. ISBN 978-0-85773-563-8.
- ^ Tanavoli, Parviz (2002). Persian Flatweaves: A Survey of Flatwoven Floor Covers and Hangings and Royal Masnads. Antique Collectors' Club. pp. 272–273. ISBN 978-1-85149-335-7.
- ^ a b "Khalkhal nominated for national city of Jajim weaving". Tehran Times. 2022-04-12. Retrieved 2022-10-06.
- ^ "Multi-purpose cover (jajim) -". FAMSF Search the Collections. 2015-05-08. Retrieved 2022-10-06.