John Parker, 1st Baron Boringdon

John Parker, 1st Baron Boringdon (1735 – 27 April 1788) was a British peer and Member of Parliament.

Portrait of John Parker, 1st Baron Boringdon (1734/5-1788), by his friend Sir Joshua Reynolds (d.1792), who was born near Saltram in Plympton. National Trust, Saltram House Collection, no.29, displayed in the Morning Room, Saltram House
Arms of Parker: Sable, a stag's head cabossed between two flaunches argent


Parker was the eldest son of John Parker (1703–1768) of Boringdon Hall, Plympton, and Saltram House, by his wife Catherine Poulett (1706–1758), whom he married in 1725,[1] a daughter of John Poulett, 1st Earl Poulett, by his wife, Bridget Bertie, a granddaughter of Montagu Bertie, 2nd Earl of Lindsey. He had a sister Henrietta Parker (d. 1808) and a younger brother, Montagu Edmund Parker (1737–1813) of Whiteway House, near Chudleigh (purchased by his grandfather George Parker (d. 1743) who also purchased Saltram), Sheriff of Devon in 1789, who married in 1775 Charity Ourry (1752–1786), daughter of Admiral Paul Ourry, by whom he had issue Montague E. Parker (1778–1831) whose daughter Harriet Parker (1809–1897) married in 1842, as her second husband, her second cousin Edmund Parker, 2nd Earl of Morley (1810–1864).


He was educated at Christ Church, Oxford. John attended Plympton Grammar School where Sir Joshua Reynold's father was headmaster.[2]

He was elected to the House of Commons for Bodmin in 1761, a seat he held until 1762, and then represented Devon between 1762 and 1784. The latter year Parker was raised to the peerage as Baron Boringdon, of Boringdon in the County of Devon.[3]

Apart from his political career he was also a collector of paintings at his seat Saltram House in Devon. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in April 1767.[4] In 1783, Parker's horse Saltram won the fourth running of The Derby.

Marriage and progenyEdit

Portrait of Theresa Robinson (1744/5-1775), second wife of John Parker, 1st Baron Boringdon and second daughter of Thomas Robinson, 1st Baron Grantham. By Sir Joshua Reynolds, c. 1770–2. National Trust, Saltram House Collection, no. 76, displayed in the Saloon, Saltram House
Portrait as children of John Parker, the future 1st Earl of Morley (1772–1840), son of John Parker, 1st Baron Boringdon and Theresa Robinson, with his sister Theresa Parker. Painted in 1779 by Sir Joshua Reynolds (d.1792). National Trust, Saltram House Collection, displayed in Morning Room, Saltram House

Lord Boringdon married twice:

Death and burialEdit

Lord Boringdon died in April 1788.


  1. ^ NT guidebook, p. 65
  2. ^ "John Parker of Saltram, 1st Baron Boringdon (1734/5-1788)". Regency History. 30 July 2014. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  3. ^ "PARKER, John (?1735-88), of Boringdon, Devon". History of Parliament Onlie. Retrieved 9 June 2016.
  4. ^ "Lists of Royal Society Fellows 1660-2007". London: The Royal Society. Archived from the original on 24 March 2010. Retrieved 15 July 2010.
  5. ^ Burnette, Arianne (2004). "Parker [née Robinson], Theresa (1745–1775), art patron | Oxford Dictionary of National Biography". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/62773. Retrieved 23 March 2020. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)


Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Bodmin
With: George Hunt
Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Devon
With: Sir Richard Warwick Bampfylde 1762–1776
John Rolle Walter 1776–1780
John Rolle 1780–1784
Succeeded by
Peerage of Great Britain
New creation Baron Boringdon
Succeeded by