Kermes vermilio

Kermes vermilio is a species of Kermes so which feeds on trees. Some of the species are used by humans to make vermilion; though an at-similar-time-of-discovery mineral form in many cultures is cinnabar (HgS, Mercury Sulphide, crystallized).[1] For details of further chemical alternatives see vermilion.

Kermes vermilio
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hemiptera
Suborder: Sternorrhyncha
Family: Kermesidae
Genus: Kermes
K. vermilio
Binomial name
Kermes vermilio
Planchon, 1864

Sister speciesEdit

The word (and dye) crimson is a corruption-derivative of kermes – the organism's genus, chiefly referring to its other species.[2]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Eastaugh, Nicholas (2004). Pigment Compendium: A Dictionary of Historical Pigments. Butterworth-Heinemann. p. 211. ISBN 0-7506-5749-9.
  2. ^ Naturenet article with images and description of Kermes vermilio and its foodplant