Khüiten Peak

Khüiten Peak (Mongolian: Хүйтэн оргил, romanized: Hüiten orgil, [ˈxʉe̯tʰɘ̆ŋ ˈœrɟɘɮ]; lit. "cold peak"), also known in China as Friendship Peak (Chinese: 友谊峰; pinyin: Yǒuyí Fēng), is the highest peak with 4,356 m above sea level and a permanent snow cap in the Altai Range, the international border between China and Mongolia runs across its summit point. It is also the highest point of Mongolia and Altay Prefecture in Western China.

Hüiten orgil
Ukok Plateau 2.jpg
Hüiten Peak
Highest point
Elevation4,356 m (14,291 ft)[1]
Prominence2,324 m (7,625 ft)[2]
Isolation115 km (71 mi) Edit this on Wikidata
ListingCountry high point
Coordinates49°8′45″N 87°49′8″E / 49.14583°N 87.81889°E / 49.14583; 87.81889[3]
Hüiten orgil is located in Mongolia
Hüiten orgil
Hüiten orgil
Location of Khüiten Peak in Mongolia
(on the border with China)
LocationChinaMongolia border
Parent rangeTavan Bogd
Mongol-Altai Mountains

In the past, Khüiten Peak was officially known in Mongolia as the "Friendship Peak" (Mongolian: Найрамдал Уул, romanized: Nairamdal Uul, [ˈnæe̯ɾəmd̥əɮ ˈʊːɮ]).[4]

Khüiten Peak is one of five peaks of Tavan Bogd. Another peak, which is about 2.5 km north of it, marks the border tripoint between Russia, Mongolia, and China; the name of that peak is given in international agreements and on maps as Tavan Bogd Peak (Russian: Таван-Богдо-Ула, Tavan-Bogdo-Ula; Mongolian: Таван Богд Уул, Tawan Bogd Uul), or Mount Kuitun (Chinese: 奎屯山; pinyin: Kuítún shān).[5][6][7]

Some sources, however, associate the name Nairamdal Peak (Friendship Peak) with the peak at the border tripoint.[citation needed]

The first known ascent of Khüiten Peak was in 1963 by Mongolian mountaineers sponsored by the government.

See alsoEdit


  • China II, Sinkiang - Xinjiang
  • "Tavan Bogd Uul, Mongolia/China".
  • "Khüiten Peak". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04.



  1. ^ "Tavan Bogd Uul, Mongolia/China".
  2. ^ "China II: Sinkiang - Xinjiang" Ultra-Prominence Page Listed here as "Nayramadlin Orgil". Retrieved 2012-02-01.
  3. ^ Google Maps
  4. ^ See e.g. the index in Krumwiede et al. 2014; or see the Soviet Topo map M45-104, scale 1:100,000, where the name Mt. Nairamdal (г. Найрамдал) is associated with the peak whose elevation is 4374.0 m. The highest peak is also referred to as Nairamdal in Chistyakov & Ganiushkin 2015, p. 209
  5. ^ 中华人民共和国和俄罗斯联邦关于中俄国界西段的协定 (Agreement between the PRC and RF in regard to the western section of the China-Russia border), 1994-09-03 (in Chinese)
  6. ^ ПРОТОКОЛ-ОПИСАНИЕ ТОЧКИ ЗАПАДНОГО СТЫКА ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫХ ГРАНИЦ ТРЕХ ГОСУДАРСТВ МЕЖДУ ПРАВИТЕЛЬСТВОМ Российской Федерации, ПРАВИТЕЛЬСТВОМ МОНГОЛИИ и ПРАВИТЕЛЬСТВОМ КИТАЙСКОЙ НАРОДНОЙ РЕСПУБЛИКИ (ПОДПИСАН в г. ПЕКИНЕ 24.06.1996) Archived 2018-02-16 at the Wayback Machine (Protocol between the Government of the Russian Federation, the Government of Mongolia, and the Government of the People's Republic of China, describing the western junction point of the borders of the three states. Signed in Beijing, June 24, 1996) (in Russian)
  7. ^ Соглашение между Правительством Российской Федерации, Правительством Китайской Народной Республики и Правительством Монголии об определении точек стыков государственных границ трех государств (Заключено в г. Улан-Баторе 27 января 1994 года) Archived 2016-03-05 at the Wayback Machine (The Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation, the Government of the People's Republic of China, and the Government of Mongolia on the determination of the points of junction of the national borders of the three states) (in Russian)