Khadi and Village Industries Commission

The Khadii and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) is a statutory body formed in April 1957 by the Government of India, under the Act of Parliament, 'Khadi and Village Industries Commission Act of 1956'. It is an apex organisation under the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises, with regard to khadi and village industries within India, which seeks to - "plan, promote, facilitate, organise and assist in the establishment and development of khadi and village industries in the rural areas in coordination with other agencies engaged in rural development wherever necessary.".[1]

Khadi and Village Industries Commission
Founded1957; 66 years ago (1957)
HeadquartersMumbai, India
Area served
Key people
Manoj Kumar
OwnerMinistry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises

In April 1957, it took over the work of former All India Khadi and Village Industries Board.[2] Its head office is in Mumbai, whereas its six zonal offices in Delhi, Bhopal, Bengaluru, Kolkata, Mumbai and Guwahati. Other than its zonal offices, it has offices in 28 states for the implementation of its various programmes

Important termsEdit


"The livery of freedom"Mahatma Gandhi[3]

Khadi, (pronounced Khādī) refers to hand-spun and hand-woven cloth. The raw materials may be cotton, silk, or wool, which are spun into threads on a charkha (a traditional spinning implement).

Khadi was launched in 1920 as a political weapon in the Swadeshi movement of Mahatma Gandhi.

Khadi is sourced from different parts of India, depending upon its raw materials - While the silk variety is sourced from West Bengal, Bihar, Odisha and North Eastern states, the cotton variety comes from Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal. Khadi poly is spun in Gujarat and Rajasthan while Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir Karnataka are known for the woolen variety.

There are a wide range of Khadi personal care products manufactured in Uttarakhand Khadi Products - Handmade and Natural


Khadi and Village Industries Commission holds the exclusive rights to use the trademark ''Khadi'' and “Khadi India”. The National Internet Exchange of India Domain Dispute Policy (INDRP) Arbitration Tribunal in New Delhi rejected the contention of a private entity that “Khadi” is a generic word. [4][5][6]

Village IndustryEdit

Any Industry that is located within a rural area, where the Fixed Capital Investment per Artisan (weaver) does not exceed Rupees One hundred thousand[7] The Fixed Capital Investment can be changed by the Government of India whenever it so requires.

Objectives of the CommissionEdit

The commission has three main objectives[8] which guide its functioning. These are -

  • The Social Objective - Providing employment in rural areas
  • The Economic Objective - Providing saleable articles
  • The Wider Objective - Creating self-reliance amongst people and building up a strong rural community spirit.

The commission seeks to achieve these objectives by implementing and monitoring various schemes and programs.

Implementation of Schemes and ProgramsEdit

The process of Implementation of schemes and programs starts at the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises which is the administrative head of the programs. The Ministry receives funds from the Government of India, and routes these to the Khadi and Village Industries Commission for the implementation of programs and schemes related to Khadi and Village Industries.[9]

The Khadi and Village Industries Commission then uses these funds to implement its programs either directly - Through its 29[10] state offices, by directly funding Khadi and Village institutions and co-operatives, or indirectly through 33[11] Khadi and Village Industries Boards, which are statutory bodies formed by the state governments within India, set up for the purpose of promoting Khadi and Village Industries in their respective states. The Khadi and Village Industries Boards, in turn, fund Khadi and Village Institutions/Co-operatives/Entrepreneurs.

At present the developmental programmes of the commission are executed through, 5,600 registered institutions, 30,138 Cooperative societies[12] and about ~95 lakh people.[13]

Schemes and Programs of the CommissionEdit

Prime Ministers Employment Generation Program (PMEGP)Edit

Launched on 14,August 2008

The Prime Minister's Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP) the result of the merger of two schemes - Prime Minister's Rojgar Yojana (PMRY) and The Rural Employment Generation Programme (REGP).

Rural beneficiaries receive up to a 25% margin compensation in rural areas and 15% in urban areas for the general category and 35% in rural areas and 25% in urban areas for SCs, STs, OBCs, minorities and women among other special categories.[14]

Interest Subsidy Eligibility Certification Scheme (ISEC)Edit

The Interest Subsidy Eligibility Certificate (ISEC) Scheme is the major source of funding for the Khadi programme. It was introduced in May 1977 to mobilise funds from banking institutions to fill the gap in the actual fund requirement and its availability from budgetary sources.

Under this scheme, loans [15] are provided by the banks to the members to meet their working/fixed capital requirements. These loans are provided at a concessional interest rate of 4% p.a.[16] The difference between the actual interest rate and the concessional rate is borne by the commission under the 'grants' head of its budget. However, only members producing Khadi or Polyvastra (a type of Khadi) are eligible for this scheme.

Rebate SchemeEdit

The rebate on sales of Khadi and Khadi products is made available by the Government so as to make the price of Khadi and Khadi products competitive with other textiles. Normal rebate (10 per cent) all through the year and an additional special rebate (10 per cent) for 108 days in a year, is given to the customers.[17]

The rebate is allowed only on the sales made by the institutions/centers run by the Commission/State Boards and also at the sales centers run by the registered institutions which are engaged in the production of Khadi and polyvastra.

Recently, the finance ministry has asked the micro, small and medium enterprises ministry to redraw its rebate scheme for Khadi and village industries. Its view is that the "ministry should approach the plan commission and not seek year-to-year extension of the scheme. Furthermore, it has asked the MSME ministry to redesign the scheme in a manner that it should benefit the artisan and not the seller, which (has been) the case so far" With regard to this, A proposal received from the commission for introducing Market Development Assistance as a possible alternative to Rebate on Sale is being considered by the Government.[18]

Budgetary Support to the CommissionEdit

The Union Government through the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises, provides funds to the Commission under two heads: Plan and Non – Plan. The funds provided under the 'Plan' Head are allocated by the commission to its implementing agencies. The funds provided under the 'Non – Plan' head are mainly for the commission's administrative expenditure. Funds are provided mainly by a way of Grants and Loans.


A major part of the Khadi grant is being utilised for the payment of sales rebate, which is considered a promotional expenditure. Other expenditures under this head are: Training, Publicity, Marketing, Interest Subsidy on bank loans under ISEC scheme


Expenditures under this head include: Working Capital Expenditure and Fixed Capital Expenditure. Fixed Capital expenditure further consists of expenditure on -

a) Machinery.....1000000 b) Implements....500000 c) Work sheds....250000 d) Sales Outlets etc.250000

Sales of Khadi and Village Industry ProductsEdit

The products produced by the institutions are either sold by them directly, through regovernment)

In total, there are 15,431[12] sales outlets, out of which 7,050[19] are owned by the commission. These are spread all over India.

The products are also sold internationally through exhibitions arranged by the commission.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Archived 10 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine - Chapter 2, Functions of the Commission, Page 7
  2. ^ Act of Parliament (No. 61 of 1956, as amended by act no. 12 of 1987 and Act No.10 of 2006.
  3. ^ Liukkonen, Petri. "Gandhi". Books and Writers ( Finland: Kuusankoski Public Library. Archived from the original on 6 July 2009.
  4. ^ Bureau, Indiaretailing (21 May 2021). "Tribunal bars unauthorised use of Khadi brand name". Retrieved 23 May 2021.
  5. ^ "'Khadi', 'Khadi India' not generic names, rules tribunal". The Hindu. PTI. 20 May 2021. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 23 May 2021.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  6. ^ MPost (20 May 2021). "KVIC: Court bars individuals/cos from using 'Khadi' brand name without authorisation". Retrieved 23 May 2021.
  7. ^ "Chapter 1, Page 1" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 April 2009. Retrieved 24 July 2009.
  8. ^ Overview Archived 5 March 2005 at the Wayback Machine KVIC website
  9. ^ - Budgetary Support to KVIC, Page 6 Archived 21 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises.
  10. ^ Page - 65 Archived 21 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises
  11. ^ Page - 66 Archived 21 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises
  12. ^ a b About us - Delhi Khadhi and Village industries Board Archived 25 July 2009 at the Wayback Machine Government of Delhi.
  13. ^ - Page 67 Archived 21 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises.
  14. ^ "1. Prime Minister's Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP) | Ministry of Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises". Retrieved 3 April 2019.
  15. ^ pmegp loan
  16. ^ "- Page 70" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 24 July 2009.
  17. ^ All figures from - Page 71 Archived 21 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ MSME Ministry asked to redraw rebate scheme Indian Express.
  19. ^ Including "Khadi Bhandars" Archived 25 July 2009 at the Wayback Machine

External linksEdit