Lý Thiên Bảo

Lý Thiên Bảo (traditional Chinese: , pinyin: Lǐ Tiānbǎo) (499–555) was the older brother of Lý Nam Đế, who tried unsuccessfully to resist the forces of China's Liang dynasty.

The Lý family was of Chinese descent, the ancestors of his family were Chinese who fled Wang Mang's seizure of power during the interregnum between the Western and Eastern Han dynasties.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9] In 548 Lý Nam Đế had fallen ill while resisting the Liang dynasty forces led by Chen Baxian (founder of the Chen dynasty) in the Northwest Vietnam mountains. Lý Nam Đế decided to relinquish his imperial authority and transferred his power to his older brother Thiên Bảo and trusted lieutenant Triệu Quang Phục as co-rulers in his place with the intention of continuing the struggle against the Han.

In 555, Lý Thiên Bảo fell ill and died without leaving an heir, thus making Triệu Quang Phục as sole ruler.[10] Triệu Quang Phục, better known as the emperor Triệu Việt Vương, was able to consolidate the armed forces under Lý Thiên Bảo and Lý Nam Đế against the Han invasion.


  1. ^ Walker (2012), p. 134 East Asia: A New History, p. 134, at Google Books
  2. ^ Catino (2010), p. 142 The Aggressors: Ho Chi Minh, North Vietnam, and the Communist Bloc, p. 142, at Google Books
  3. ^ Kohn (2006), p. 308 Dictionary of Wars, p. 320, at Google Books
  4. ^ Coedès (1966), p. 45 The Making of South East Asia, p. 45, at Google Books
  5. ^ Coedès (1966), p. 46 The Making of South East Asia, p. 46, at Google Books
  6. ^ Lockhart (2010), p. 221 The A to Z of Vietnam, p. 221, at Google Books
  7. ^ Lockhart (2010), p. 221 The A to Z of Vietnam, p. 221, at Google Books
  8. ^ West (2009), p. 870 Encyclopedia of the Peoples of Asia and Oceania, p. 870, at Google Books
  9. ^ Taylor (1991), p. 155 The Birth of Vietnam, p. 155, at Google Books
  10. ^ Anh Thư Hà, Hồng Đức Trần A Brief Chronology of Vietnam's History 2000 Page 22 "draw to a cave in Tam Nông (Phú Thọ), while his relatives Lý Thiên Bảo and Lý Phật Tử led a number of troops to Thanh Hóa. The King fell seriously ill. After handing the powers to Triệu Quang Phục for continuing the struggle, the King died ..."
Preceded by Ruler of Vietnam
Succeeded by