Middlesex County Council was the principal local government body in the administrative county of Middlesex from 1889 to 1965.
Middlesex County Council
|Established||1 April 1889|
|Disbanded||1 April 1965|
|Preceded by||Middlesex Quarter Sessions|
|Succeeded by||Greater London Council|
|Seats||Councillors and aldermen|
|Middlesex Guildhall, Westminster|
The county council was created by the Local Government Act 1888, which also removed the most populous part of the county to constitute the County of London.
Elections and political controlEdit
The county council consisted of elected councillors and co-opted county aldermen. The entire body of county councillors was elected every three years. Aldermen were additional members, there being a ratio of one alderman to three councillors. Aldermen had a six-year term of office, and one half of their number were elected by the councillors immediately after the triennial elections.
The first elections were held in January 1889. The first meeting of the "provisional" county council was held on 14 February 1889 at Westminster Town Hall. Although the council did not use political labels, among the aldermen elected were members of the parliamentary Conservative Party.
From 1919, the scarcely political composition of the council was challenged by the election of members of the Labour Party. The 1922 and 1925 elections were, for the most part, not run on party lines. In 1928, the majority of the council were described as "Moderate", with Labour forming an opposition. Labour continued to make advances at the 1931 election, and this led to the formation of a Middlesex Municipal Association "representative of all anti-Socialist members". The association was supported by the various Conservative Party organisations of the county although it was not officially affiliated to the party, and controlled the council until 1946.
In 1946, Labour took control of the county council for the first time. Following this, the Conservative Party contested elections to the county council, winning control in 1949 and holding it at the 1952 and 1955 elections. In 1958 Labour regained control. At the elections held in 1961, the Conservatives were returned to power. These were to be the final elections to the county council: under the London Government Act 1963 the elections due in 1964 were cancelled, with the elections to the shadow Greater London Council being held instead.
Chairmen of the Middlesex County CouncilEdit
The chairman of the county council chaired its meetings and also represented it in a ceremonial manner, in a similar fashion to the mayor of a borough. Twenty-nine people served as chairmen over the council's existence.
|1889–1908||Ralph Daniel Makinson Littler||Companion of the Bath 1890, Knighted 1902|
|1908–1909||Montagu Sharpe||Knighted in 1922|
|1919–1924||Cecil Fane De Salis||Made a Knight Commander of the Bath in 1935.|
|1927–1930||Charles Pinkham OBE||Knighted 1928 Former MP for Willesden West 1918–1922|
|1930–1933||George Marlow Reed|
|1933–1936||Howard Button||Knighted 1936. Former MP for Wrekin 1922–1923|
|1936–1937||Sir William Prescott||Created a baronet in 1938. Former MP for Tottenham North 1918–1922|
|1940–1943||Sir Gilfrid Gordon Craig|
|1943–1946||William Reginald Clemens|
|1946–1947||Bernard Harry Rockman|
|1947–1948||Frederick Messer||First chair for Labour. MP for Tottenham South 1929–1931, 1935–1950 & then Tottenham to 1959. Knighted 1953.|
|1948–1949||William John Irving|
|1949–1951||Albert Henry Farley|
|1951–1953||William Josiah Grimshaw||Knighted 1953 "for political and public services in Middlesex"|
|1953–1954||Sir Archer Hoare|
|1954–1955||Albert Noel Hansel Baines|
|1955–1956||Stanley Graham Rowlandson||Knighted 1956|
|1956–1957||Christopher George Armstrong Cowan||Knighted 1958|
|1957–1958||William Rendel Myson Chambers|
|1958–1959||Thomas Henry Joyce|
|1959–1960||George Albert Pargiter||MP for Spelthorne 1945–1950, Southall 1950–1966, whereupon elevated to the Lords.|
|1960–1961||Muriel Rose Forbes|
|1961–1962||Sir Joseph Haygarth|
|1962–1963||James Henry Knaggs|
|1964–1965||John Wilfred Barter MP||MP for Ealing North|
The number of Middlesex homes, an area static in size, rose from 236,266 to 665,347 in the forty years to 1961. The chart of this rise which tapered off, shows by 1951 Middlesex formed part of the London conurbation, and in 1965 the council was abolished on the creation of the Greater London Council. All but four electoral divisions of the council's closing 87 became part of brand-new Greater London; the rest transferred to Surrey as to the two parts of Staines plus Sunbury-on-Thames or to Hertfordshire as to Potters Bar, these were three Urban Districts.
- ^ "Middlesex County Council. Elections Next Saturday., Cinema Trade And Sunday Opening". The Times. 3 March 1919. p. 6.
- ^ "Redistribution in Middlesex". The Times. 2 March 1925. p. 15.
- ^ "County Council Elections. Further Results". The Times. 9 March 1928. p. 11.
- ^ "Party Basis of Councils". The Times. 22 March 1949. p. 2.
- ^ "Middlesex held by Conservatives. Majority of Five". The Times. 4 April 1952. p. 4.
- ^ "Labour Losses in London. County Council Elections". The Times. 21 April 1955. p. iv.
- ^ "Middlesex changes hands. Conservative defeat". The Times. 17 April 1958. p. 5.
- ^ "Conservatives Win Back Middlesex 16 Seats Gained". The Times. 14 April 1961. p. 14.
- ^ "Clerks Department: Chairman of the County Council". AIM25. London Metropolitan Archives. Retrieved 25 November 2009.
- ^ C. E. A. Bedwell rev. Eric Metcalfe (2004). "Littler, Sir Ralph Daniel Makinson (1835–1908)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 25 November 2009.
- ^ "No. 34166". The London Gazette. 31 May 1935. p. 3594.
- ^ "Obituary: Sir Charles Pinkham". The Times. 8 March 1938. p. 18.
- ^ "Obituary: Sir Howard Button. Public Life in London and Middlesex". The Times. 20 August 1943. p. 8.
- ^ "No. 39904". The London Gazette. 3 July 1953. p. 3677.
- ^ "No. 39863". The London Gazette (Supplement). 1 June 1953. p. 2941.
- ^ "No. 40829". The London Gazette. 13 July 1956. p. 4076.
- ^ "No. 41313". The London Gazette. 14 February 1958. p. 1030.
- ^ "No. 44015". The London Gazette. 9 June 1966. p. 6669.
- ^ Middlesex AdmC through time : Housing Statistics : Total Houses, A Vision of Britain through Time, GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, https://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/unit/10061441/cube/HOUSES