Mughal carpets

Mughal carpets (Moghul or Mogul carpets) were the handwoven floor coverings used in the Mughal Empire in their courts. Mughal carpets and rugs have their roots in India since the 16th and 17th centuries. Mughal carpets were a blend of Persian and Indian artistry uniquely designed with scenic landscapes, floral, and animal patterns. Kashmir was producing the finest wool and silk carpets and rugs, including prayer rugs. Sometimes the knot density in these rugs was so fine and tight as 300 knots per square centimeter.

Millefleur 'Star-Lattice' carpet
Mughal Carpets
India, Mughal, 18th century Textiles; carpets Cotton plain weave with silk chain stitch embroidery, wrapped metal thread with silk core, and silk quilting 112 3/4 x 44 3/4 in. (286.39 x 113.67 cm) From the Nasli and Alice Heeramaneck Collection, Museum Associates Purchase (M.79.9.6) Costume and Textiles

The Mughal emperors were enthusiastic about textile materials, especially the third Mughal emperor Akbar who set numerous imperial workshops across India. He also arranged training of local artisans to improve the skill. In addition to textile, the manufacturing of carpets was an important industry. .[1][2][3][4][5][6]


Mughal carpet weaving was renowned in Agra, Lahore, and Fatehpur Sikri. The karkhanas of carpet, rugs, tents, and various other floor coverings was called Farrash khana.


The Mughal empress Nur Jahan had a personal interest in textiles. Her name is associated with designing many fabrics and dresses, and there is also a carpet named Farshi-Chandni that became well-known during her time.[7][8]

Special MentionsEdit

The Girdler's carpet is one of the best-documented examples of Mughul carpets.[9][10]

See alsoEdit

Girdler's carpet

Mughal Karkhanas


  1. ^ '' Farrash khana ( furniture tents and carpets ) '' Page 174 Karkhanas Under the Mughals, from Akbar to Aurangzeb: A › books Tripta Verma · 1994
  2. ^ Hoiberg, Dale (2000). Students' Britannica India. Popular Prakashan. p. 23. ISBN 978-0-85229-760-5.
  3. ^ Bloom, Jonathan; Blair, Sheila S.; Blair, Sheila (2009-05-14). Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art & Architecture: Three-Volume Set. OUP USA. p. 95. ISBN 978-0-19-530991-1.
  4. ^ "Mughal carpet". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2021-01-04.
  5. ^ Walker, Daniel S.; N.Y.), Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York (1997). Flowers Underfoot: Indian Carpets of the Mughal Era. Metropolitan Museum of Art. pp. 117, 183, 185, 196. ISBN 978-0-87099-788-4.
  6. ^ Ibn-Mubārak, Abu-'l-Faḍl (1873). "The" Ain i Akbari : 1.
  7. ^ RAWAT, DR SUGANDHA (2020-07-20). THE WOMEN OF MUGHAL HAREM. Evincepub Publishing. p. 83. ISBN 978-93-90197-41-5.
  8. ^ Sharma, Ruchika. "A brave and innovative attempt to chronicle the life of Empress Nur Jahan is marred by conjecture". Retrieved 2021-01-12.
  9. ^ Bell, James Elton; Bell, Frances Jean (2007). Sir Robert Bell and His Early Virginia Colony Descendants: A Compilation of 16th, 17th, and 18th Century English and Scottish Families with the Surname Bell, Beale, Le Bel ... Et Al. Wheatmark, Inc. p. 95. ISBN 978-1-58736-747-2.
  10. ^ Irwin, John (1962). The Girdlers' Carpet. order of the Court of Girdlers Company.