Mulla Muhammad Mahdi Naraqi

Muhammad Mahdi Naraqi (Persian: محمد مهدی نراقی) (1795–1715) was a Twelver Shi'i scholar, theologian and moral philosopher. Al-Naraqi was a brilliant thinker of the late 12th/18th and early 13th/l8th century. His son, Molla Ahmad Naraqi, was also a celebrated Twelver scholar.[1][2][3] In the Qajar dynasty, he was prominent scholar at the philosophy and continued philosophical activities in the Kashan, Iran.[4]

Muhammad Mahdi Naraqi
Naraq, Iran
ReligionIslam, Twelver Shi’ism
Other namesMahdi Naraqi
Senior posting
Based inMarkazi, Iran
Period in office1715-1795


Mulla Muhammad Mahdi Naraqi was born in Naraq, a city in the central district of Delijan, Markazi, Iran in 1715 AD. He was known as Muhaqiqi Naraqi (the Naraqian scholar) and Khatam al-Hukama (the signet of wises) amongst people.[5]


After preliminary studies, he went to seminary of Najaf, Iraq. After several years, he returned to Iran and went to seminary of Isfahan and educated in that seminary for thirty years. He was the master of jurisprudence, theology, philosophy, astronomy, and mathematics.[6][7] Also, he was fluent in Hebrew and Latin to connect with Jewish and Christian scholars.[7] Jame al-Sa'adat is the important work that was in the field of ethics.[6] One of his teachers was Mulla Ismail ibn Muhammad Husayn Khwajui.[8][6]


He died on 1795 (23 Muharram 1209 AH)[7] and was buried near Ali ibn Abi Talib shrine in Najaf.[9]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Nile Green (13 May 2015). Terrains of Exchange: Religious Economies of Global Islam. Oxford University Press. p. 91. ISBN 978-0-19-022253-6.
  2. ^ Denis MacEoin (2009). The Messiah of Shiraz: Studies in Early and Middle Babism. BRILL. p. 54. ISBN 978-90-04-17035-3.
  3. ^ Reciprocal Services Between Islam and Iran. Alhoda UK. 2004. p. 281. ISBN 978-964-7741-47-7.
  4. ^ Islamic Philosophy from Its Origin to the Present: Philosophy in the Land of Prophecy. SUNY Press. January 2006. p. 235. ISBN 978-0-7914-8155-4.
  5. ^ An Anthology of Philosophy in Persia, Volume 3. Oxford University Press. 2010. p. 431. ISBN 9781845116057.
  6. ^ a b c Henry Corbin (23 June 2014). History Of Islamic Philosophy. Routledge. p. 350. ISBN 978-1-135-19889-3.
  7. ^ a b c Shahbaz, Ali. "Some of the Great Shia Ulama". Archived from the original on 2016-10-31. Retrieved 9 August 2022.
  8. ^ Gholamali Haddad Adel; Mohammad Jafar Elmi; Hassan Taromi-Rad (31 August 2012). Hawza-yi 'Ilmiyya, Shi'i Teaching Institution: An Entry from Encyclopaedia of the World of Islam. EWI Press. p. 187. ISBN 978-1-908433-06-0.
  9. ^ Naraqi، Molla Muhammad Mahdi.