North Yorkshire

North Yorkshire is a ceremonial county in Northern England. The same name is also used for a unitary authority within the ceremonial county, but the two areas have different boundaries.

North Yorkshire
Location of North Yorkshire within England
Location of North Yorkshire within England
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionDivided between Yorkshire and the Humber & North East
Established byLocal Government Act 1972
Preceded byNorth Riding of Yorkshire
Time zoneUTC±00:00 (Greenwich Mean Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+01:00 (British Summer Time)
Members of ParliamentList of MPs
PoliceNorth Yorkshire Police
Cleveland Police
Largest townMiddlesbrough
Ceremonial county
Lord LieutenantJohanna Ropner[1]
High SheriffClare Deborah Granger (2023-24)[2]
Area9,020 km2 (3,480 sq mi)
 • Ranked1st of 48
Population (2021)1,158,816
 • Ranked14th of 48
Density134/km2 (350/sq mi)
Ethnicity96% White
2.0% S.Asian
0.6% Black
North Yorkshire numbered districts 2023.svg
Districts of North Yorkshire
Districts Unitary:

North Yorkshire was created in 1974 as a two-tier non-metropolitan county with eight districts. The area governed by the county council was reduced in 1996, when the City of York district became a unitary authority. In the same year the neighbouring county of Cleveland was abolished and its boroughs south of the River Tees became part of North Yorkshire, but were also governed separately as unitary authorities. In April 2023 North Yorkshire County Council itself became a unitary authority and its seven districts were abolished, meaning the ceremonial county is now governed by five unitary authorities: North Yorkshire, the City of York, Middlesbrough, Redcar and Cleveland, and the southern part of Stockton-on-Tees. Most of the county is in the Yorkshire and the Humber region, with the parts formerly in Cleveland in North East England.

North Yorkshire is the largest county in England by land area, at 2,483 square miles (6,430 km2).[3][4] The county is known for its natural beauty; it contains the North York Moors national park and most of the Yorkshire Dales national park, as well as the Nidderdale and Howardian Hills areas of outstanding natural beauty. It borders County Durham to the north; the North Sea to the east; West Yorkshire, South Yorkshire and the East Riding of Yorkshire to the south; and Cumbria and Lancashire to the west. The county's population was 1,158,816 in the 2021 estimate, and its most populous settlements in 2011 were Middlesbrough (174,700), York (152,841), and Harrogate (73,576).[5]


North Yorkshire non-metropolitan and ceremonial county was formed on 1 April 1974 as a result of the Local Government Act 1972. It covered most of the North Riding of Yorkshire, as well as northern parts of the West Riding of Yorkshire, northern and eastern East Riding of Yorkshire and the former county borough of York. Northallerton, as the former county town for the North Riding, became North Yorkshire's county town.[6] In 1993 the county was placed wholly within the Yorkshire and the Humber region.

Some areas which were part of the former North Riding were in the county of Cleveland for twenty-two years (from 1974 to 1996) and were placed in the North East region from 1993. On 1 April 1996, these areas (Middlesbrough, Redcar and Cleveland and Stockton borough south of the River Tees) became part of the ceremonial county as separate unitary authorities. These areas remain within the North East England region.

Also on 1 April 1996, the City of York non-metropolitan district and parts of the non-metropolitan county (Haxby and nearby rural areas) became the City of York unitary authority.[7]

On 1 April 2023, the non-metropolitan county was replaced by a unitary authority. This abolished eight councils and created a new one in the area they covered.[8]


The geology of North Yorkshire is closely reflected in its landscape. Within the county are the North York Moors and most of the Yorkshire Dales, two of eleven areas of countryside within England and Wales to be officially designated as national parks. Between the North York Moors in the east and the Pennine Hills in the west lie the Vales of Mowbray and York. The Tees Lowlands lie to the north of the North York Moors and the Vale of Pickering lies to the south. Its eastern border is the North sea coast. The highest point is Whernside, on the Cumbrian border, at 736 metres (2,415 ft).[9]

The two major rivers in the county are the River Swale and the River Ure. The Swale and the Ure form the River Ouse which flows through York and into the Humber Estuary. The River Tees forms part of the border between North Yorkshire and County Durham and flows from upper Teesdale through Stockton-on-Tees and Middlesbrough and to the coast. The River Wharfe forms much of the southern border and also flows into the Ouse within the county.

Green beltEdit

North Yorkshire contains a small section of green belt in the south of the county, just north of Ilkley and Otley along the North and West Yorkshire borders. It extends to the east to cover small communities such as Huby, Kirkby Overblow, and Follifoot before covering the gap between the towns of Harrogate and Knaresborough, helping to keep those towns separate.

The belt adjoins the southernmost part of the Yorkshire Dales National Park, and the Nidderdale AONB. It extends into the western area of Selby district, reaching as far as Tadcaster and Balne. The belt was first drawn up from the 1950s.

The city of York has an independent surrounding belt area affording protections to several outlying settlements such as Haxby and Dunnington, and it too extends into the surrounding districts.


North Yorkshire has a temperate oceanic climate, like most of the UK. There are large climate variations within the county. The upper Pennines border on a Subarctic climate. The Vale of Mowbray has an almost Semi-arid climate. Overall, with the county being situated in the east, it receives below-average rainfall for the UK. Inside North Yorkshire, the upper Dales of the Pennines are one of the wettest parts of England, where in contrast the driest parts of the Vale of Mowbray are some of the driest areas in the UK.[10]

Summer temperatures are above average, at 22 °C. Highs can regularly reach up to 28 °C, with over 30 °C reached in heat waves. Winter temperatures are below average, with average lows of 1 °C. Snow and Fog can be expected depending on location. The North York Moors and Pennines have snow lying for an average of between 45 and 75 days per year.[11] Sunshine is most plentiful on the coast, receiving an average of 1.650 hours a year. It reduces further west in the county, with the Pennines receiving 1,250 hours a year.

Climate data for North Yorkshire
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15
Average high °C (°F) 6
Average low °C (°F) 1
Record low °C (°F) −14
Average precipitation mm (inches) 40
Source: [12][13]


Local authoritiesEdit

# Local authority 2011 census
Ceremonial county 1,125,547
1 North Yorkshire 598,376
2 York 198,051[14]
3 Middlesbrough 138,412[15]
4 Redcar and Cleveland 135,177[16]
5 Stockton-on-Tees
(south Tees)

North Yorkshire districtEdit

The district excludes the City of York and boroughs of Middlesbrough, Redcar and Cleveland and Stockon-on-Tees. 90 councillors elect a council leader, who in turn appoints up to 9 councillors to form an executive cabinet. It is governed from County Hall, Northallerton.[18]

The former non-metropolitan county was a cabinet-style council with 72 councillors.[19] It was governed by a county council and the seven districts of Craven, Hambleton, Harrogate, Richmondshire, Ryedale, Scarborough and Selby.[20]

Other districtsEdit

The other unitary authorities are Middlesbrough Council, Redcar and Cleveland Borough Council, Stockton-on-Tees Borough Council (Uniquely for England, the Borough of Stockton-on-Tees is split between North Yorkshire and County Durham) and the City of York Council.

The first three are part of the Tees Valley Combined Authority. In August 2022 the government agreed proposals for a devolution deal, which will require the formation of a combined authority comprising the new unitary North Yorkshire Council and the City of York Council, and election of a directly elected mayor for the combined authority. The proposals are subject to a public consultation, and anticpate that elections for the first mayor would take place in May 2024.[21]


In large areas of North Yorkshire, agriculture is the primary source of employment. Approximately 85% of the county is considered to be "rural or super sparse".[22]

Other sectors in 2019 included some manufacturing, the provision of accommodation and meals (primarily for tourists) which accounted for 19 per cent of all jobs. Food manufacturing employed 11 per cent of workers. A few people are involved in forestry and fishing in 2019. The average weekly earnings in 2018 were £531. Some 15% of workers declared themselves as self-employed. One report in late 2020 stated that "North Yorkshire has a relatively healthy and diverse economy which largely mirrors the national picture in terms of productivity and jobs.[23][24]

The Teesport sea port handled over 53 million tonnes of cargo in 2013
Drax Power Station has the highest generating capacity of any power station in the UK

Mineral extraction and power generation are also sectors of the economy, as is high technology.[25]

Tourism is a significant contributor to the economy. A study of visitors between 2013 and 2015 indicated that the Borough of Scarborough, including Filey, Whitby and parts of the North York Moors National Park, received 1.4m trips per year on average.[26] A 2016 report by the National Park, states the park area gets 7.93 million visitors annually, generating £647 million and supporting 10,900 full-time equivalent jobs.[27]

The Yorkshire Dales have also attracted many visitors. In 2016, there were 3.8 million visits to the National Park including 0.48 million who stayed at least one night. The parks service estimates that this contributed £252 million to the economy and provided 3,583 full-time equivalent jobs. The wider Yorkshire Dales area received 9.7 million visitors who contributed £644 million to the economy.[28] The North York Moors and Yorkshire Dales are among England's best known destinations.[29]

The Shambles, a popular tourist area in York

York is a popular tourist destination. A 2014 report, based on 2012 data, stated that York alone receives 6.9 million visitors annually; they contribute £564 million to the economy and support over 19,000 jobs.[30] In the 2017 Condé Nast Traveller survey of readers, York rated 12th among The 15 Best Cities in the UK for visitors.[31] In a 2020 Condé Nast Traveller report, York rated as the sixth best among ten "urban destinations [in the UK] that scored the highest marks when it comes to ... nightlife, restaurants and friendliness".[32]

During February 2020 to January 2021, the average property in North Yorkshire county sold for £240,000, up by £8100 over the previous 12 months. By comparison, the average for England and Wales was £314,000.[33] In certain communities of North Yorkshire, however, house prices were higher than average for the county, as of early 2021: Harrogate (average value: £376,195), Knaresborough (£375,625), Tadcaster (£314,278), Leyburn (£309,165) and Ripon (£299,998), for example.[34]

This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added for North Yorkshire at current basic prices with figures in millions of British pounds sterling.[35]

Year Regional Gross Value Added[Notes 1] Agriculture[Notes 2] Industry[Notes 3] Services[Notes 4]
1995 7,278 478 2,181 4,618
2000 9,570 354 2,549 6,667
2003 11,695 390 3,025 8,281

Effects of the pandemicEdit

Unemployment in the county was traditionally low in recent years, but the lockdowns and travel restrictions necessitated by the COVID-19 pandemic had a negative effect on the economy during much of 2020 and into 2021.[36] The UK government said in early February 2021 that it was planning "unprecedented levels of support to help businesses [in the UK] survive the crisis".[37] A report published on 1 March 2021 stated that the unemployment rate in North Yorkshire had "risen to the highest level in nearly 5 years - with under 25s often bearing the worst of job losses".[38]

York experienced high unemployment during lockdown periods. One analysis (by the York and North Yorkshire Local Enterprise Partnership) predicted in August 2020 that "as many as 13,835 jobs in York will be lost in the scenario considered most likely, taking the city's unemployment rate to 14.5%". Some critics claimed that part of the problem was caused by "over-reliance on the booming tourism industry at the expense of a long-term economic plan".[39] A report in mid June 2020 stated that unemployment had risen 114 per cent over the previous year because of restrictions imposed as a result of the pandemic.[40]

Tourism in the county was expected to increase after the restrictions imposed due the pandemic are relaxed. One reason for the expected increase is the airing of All Creatures Great and Small, a TV series about the vet James Herriot, based on a successful series of books; it was largely filmed within the Yorkshire Dales National Park.[41] The show aired in the UK in September 2020 and in the US in early 2021. One source stated that visits to Yorkshire websites had increased significantly by late September 2020.[42]




The East Coast Main Line (ECML) bisects the county stopping at Northallerton,Thirsk and York. Passenger service companies in the area are London North Eastern Railway, Northern Rail, TransPennine Express and Grand Central.

LNER and Grand Central operate services to the capital on the ECML, Leeds Branch Line and the Northallerton–Eaglescliffe Line. LNER stop at York, Northallerton and on to County Durham or spur over to the Tees Valley Line for Thornaby and Middlesbrough. The operator also branch before the county for Leeds and run to Harrogate and Skipton. Grand Central stop at York, Thirsk and Northallerton then over to the Durham Coast Line in County Durham.

Northern operates the remaining lines in the county, including commuter services on the Harrogate Line, Airedale Line and York & Selby Lines, of which the former two are covered by the Metro ticketing area. Remaining branch lines operated by Northern include the Yorkshire Coast Line from Scarborough to Hull, York–Scarborough line via Malton, the Hull to York Line via Selby, the Tees Valley Line from Darlington to Saltburn via Middlesbrough and the Esk Valley Line from Middlesbrough to Whitby. Last but certainly not least, the Settle-Carlisle Line runs through the west of the county, with services again operated by Northern.

Current and former railway routes in eastern North Yorkshire

The county suffered badly under the Beeching cuts of the 1960s. Places such as Richmond, Ripon, Tadcaster, Helmsley, Pickering and the Wensleydale communities lost their passenger services. Notable lines closed were the Scarborough and Whitby Railway, Malton and Driffield Railway and the secondary main line between Northallerton and Harrogate via Ripon.

Heritage railways within North Yorkshire include: the North Yorkshire Moors Railway, between Pickering and Grosmont, which opened in 1973; the Derwent Valley Light Railway near York; and the Embsay and Bolton Abbey Steam Railway. The Wensleydale Railway, which started operating in 2003, runs services between Leeming Bar and Redmire along a former freight-only line. The medium-term aim is to operate into Northallerton station on the ECML, once an agreement can be reached with Network Rail. In the longer term, the aim is to reinstate the full line west via Hawes to Garsdale on the Settle-Carlisle line.

York railway station is the largest station in the county, with 11 platforms and is a major tourist attraction in its own right. The station is immediately adjacent to the National Railway Museum.


A1(M) passing by Dishforth

The main road through the county is the north–south A1(M), which has gradually been upgraded in sections to motorway status since the early 1990s. The only other motorways within the county are the short A66(M) near Darlington and a small stretch of the M62 motorway close to Eggborough.[20] The other nationally maintained trunk routes are the A168/A19, A64, A66 and A174.

Coach and bus

Long-distance coach services are operated by National Express and Megabus. Local bus service operators include Arriva Yorkshire, Harrogate Bus Company, Scarborough & District (East Yorkshire), Yorkshire Coastliner, First York and the local Dales & District.


There are no major airports in the county itself, but nearby airports include Teesside International (Darlington), Newcastle and Leeds Bradford.



The 19 largest settlements of North Yorkshire, along with Malton. Cities and county town (Northallerton) in bold, district centres in yellow.

Settlements and parishesEdit

# Place Population
Local authority Defined as
1 Middlesbrough 174,700[a] Middlesbrough Town
2 York 152,841[b] City of York City
3 Harrogate 73,576[c] North Yorkshire Town
4 Scarborough 38,715[d] North Yorkshire Town
5 Redcar 37,073[e] Redcar and Cleveland Town
6 Thornaby-on-Tees 24,741[f] Stockton-on-Tees (south) Town
7 Ingleby Barwick 20,378[53] Stockton-on-Tees (south) Town
8 Saltburn, Marske and New Marske 19,134[54] Redcar and Cleveland Civil Parish
9 Guisborough 17,777[55] Redcar and Cleveland Town
10 Ripon 16,702[56] North Yorkshire City
11 Knaresborough 15,441[57] North Yorkshire Town
12 Selby 14,731[58] North Yorkshire Town
13 Skipton 14,623[59] North Yorkshire Town
14 Whitby 13,213[60] North Yorkshire Town
15 Skelton and Brotton 12,848[61] Redcar and Cleveland Civil Parish
16 Northallerton 10,655[g] North Yorkshire Town
17 Haxby 8,428[63] City of York Town
18 Richmond 8,413[64] North Yorkshire Town
19 Yarm-on-Tees 8,384[65] Stockton-on-Tees (south) Town
20 Loftus 7,988[66] Redcar and Cleveland Town
  1. ^ Based on its built-up area subdivision; including areas outside the council area.[43]
  2. ^ Based on its built-up area, excluding outlying towns and villages within the council area.[44]
  3. ^ Unparished built-up area subdivision accurately corresponds to town boundaries; no outlying areas.[5]
  4. ^ No population count measured the town independently at the 2011 census. Including parishes equates to 61,749, excluding outlying parishes of Eastfield,[45] Osgodby,[46] Cayton,[47] Newby, Scalby[48] and part of Seamer.[49] equates to total.
  5. ^ Unparished built-up area subdivision accurately corresponds to town boundaries; no outlying areas.[51]
  6. ^ Built-up area subdivision accurately corresponds to town boundaries; no outlying areas.[52]
  7. ^ County town[62]

They are also multiple smaller settlements of North Yorkshire:


North Yorkshire LEA has a mostly comprehensive education system with 42 state schools secondary (not including sixth form colleges) and 12 independent schools.

Places of interestEdit

  Accessible open space
  Amusement/Theme Park
  Country Park
  English Heritage
Forestry Commission
  Heritage railway
  Historic House
  Places of Worship
Museum (free/not free)
  National Trust

News and mediaEdit

The county is served by BBC Yorkshire and BBC North East and Cumbria. Along the county's coast, Scarborough and Filey receive BBC Yorkshire and Whitby receives BBC North East and Cumbria.

ITV Yorkshire and ITV Tyne Tees are also received in most areas of the county, Settle and furthest western part of the county is served by BBC North West and ITV Granada. BBC Radio Tees is broadcast to northern parts of the county, whilst BBC Radio York is broadcast more widely. BBC Radio Leeds broadcasts to southern parts of the county.



Yorkshire County Cricket Club play a number of fixtures at North Marine Road, Scarborough and some 2nd XI games in Richmond. The ball game Rock-It-Ball was developed in the county.

Association footballEdit

Middlesbrough vs West Ham in FA Cup semi-final 2006

North Yorkshire has a number of association football clubs, including:

Middlesbrough are currently the highest-ranked team in the county as they play in the EFL Championship. In the past, they have won the EFL Cup and reached the UEFA Cup final. Harrogate Town play in the EFL League Two. York City play in the National League. Scarborough Athletic, a phoenix club of Scarborough, play in the National League North. Whitby Town have reached the FA Cup first round seven times and have played the likes of Hull City, Wigan Athletic and Plymouth Argyle; they currently play in the Northern Premier League Premier Division.

Rugby footballEdit

Scarborough ground
Rugby Union Teams 2022-23
League Team Venue Capacity Location
National League 2 North Harrogate Rudding Lane Harrogate
Wharfedale The Avenue 2,000 Threshfield
Regional 1 North East York Clifton Park York, North Yorkshire
Regional 2 North East Malton & Norton The Gannock Malton
Scarborough Silver Royd 4,500 (425 seats) Scalby, Scarborough
Selby Sandhill Lane Selby
Regional 2 North Middlesbrough Acklam Park 5,000 (159 seats) Acklam, Middlesbrough

The leading rugby union teams in the county include Wharfedale RUFC, Harrogate RUFC, but teams also include Middlesbrough RUFC and Acklam RUFC who play their league games in Regional 2 North, a corresponding league of the same level hosting teams from Teesside, County Durham and Northumberland. York City Knights, previously known as York F.C., are a rugby league team who play in the Rugby League Championships.


North Yorkshire has multiple racecourses at: Catterick Bridge, Redcar, Ripon, Thirsk and York. It also has one motor racing circuit, Croft Circuit; the circuit holds meetings of the British Touring Car Championship, British Superbike and Pickup Truck Racing race series and one Motorcycle Racing Circuit at Oliver's Mount, Scarborough.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Components may not sum to totals due to rounding
  2. ^ includes hunting and forestry
  3. ^ includes energy and construction
  4. ^ includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured


  1. ^ "New Lord-Lieutenant of North Yorkshire appointed". Gazette & Herald. 13 November 2018. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  2. ^ "No. 63990". The London Gazette. 10 March 2023. p. 4634.
  3. ^ According to the list located at Ceremonial Counties of England#Lieutenancy areas since 1997.
  4. ^ "North Yorkshire Lieutenancy Area". North Yorkshire Lieutenancy. Retrieved 14 May 2022.
  5. ^ a b UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Harrogate Built-up area sub division (E35000975)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  6. ^ Arnold-Baker, C., Local Government Act 1972, (1973)
  7. ^ "The North Yorkshire (District of York) (Structural and Boundary Changes) Order 1995". Retrieved 12 May 2022.
  8. ^ "A unitary council for North Yorkshire: The Case for Change. Appendix 1. North Yorkshire Data Analysis" (PDF). December 2020. Retrieved 14 May 2022.
  9. ^ "The County Tops". The Relative Hills of Britain. 26 July 2012. Archived from the original on 26 July 2012.
  10. ^ "Regional mapped climate averages". The Met Office. Archived from the original on 29 December 2010. Retrieved 27 September 2010.
  11. ^ "Regional mapped climate averages". The Met Office. Archived from the original on 29 December 2010. Retrieved 27 September 2010.
  12. ^ "UK mapped climate averages". The Met Office. Archived from the original on 30 December 2010. Retrieved 27 September 2010.
  13. ^ "Temperature of −19C is new Yorkshire record". BBC News Online. BBC. 3 December 2010. Archived from the original on 6 December 2010. Retrieved 4 December 2010.
  14. ^ "York Local Authority". Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  15. ^ "Middlesbrough Local Authority". Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  16. ^ "Redcar and Cleveland Local Authority". Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  17. ^ Parishes:
  18. ^ "The new council". North Yorkshire County Council. 26 October 2020. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  19. ^ "North Yorkshire County Council Constitution". North Yorkshire County Council. Archived from the original on 28 December 2010. Retrieved 10 May 2010.
  20. ^ a b "Transport map of shire county divided into districts". North Yorkshire County Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 August 2011. Retrieved 10 October 2008.
  21. ^ "York and North Yorkshire devolution deal". Department for Levelling Up, Housing and Communities. 1 August 2022. Retrieved 24 October 2022.
  22. ^ "Independent commission hears evidence on how North Yorkshire's rural economy can achieve its potential". 26 January 2020.
  23. ^ Council, North Yorkshire County (24 December 2019). "Jobs and the economy – North Yorkshire's Rural Commission calls for evidence". North Yorkshire County Council.
  24. ^ "Rural study group to look at farming and tourism jobs and the North Yorkshire economy". Craven Herald.
  25. ^ "North Yorkshire population information". North Yorkshire County Council. 19 December 2013. Archived from the original on 7 August 2013. Retrieved 17 January 2014.
  26. ^ "Region's coast 'top tourist draw'". BBC News. 7 June 2016. Archived from the original on 27 September 2018. Retrieved 14 July 2018.
  27. ^ "Tourism: North York Moors National Park". Archived from the original on 30 June 2017. Retrieved 14 July 2018.
  28. ^ "Trends in tourism in the Yorkshire Dales 2010 to 2016" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 July 2018. Retrieved 14 July 2018.
  29. ^ "Growing the Visitor Economy of North Yorkshire's Protected Landscapes" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 15 July 2018. Retrieved 14 July 2018.
  30. ^ "Tourism and Travel – Leisure, Sport & Tourism – Yorkshire Employment and Training Information". Yorkshire Graduates. Archived from the original on 15 July 2018. Retrieved 14 July 2018.
    "Tourists spend more than £600m". BBC. 11 February 2014. Archived from the original on 12 July 2018. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
    "Report" (PDF). VisitYork. Archived (PDF) from the original on 27 June 2018. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
  31. ^ Traveller, Condé Nast. "The best cities in the UK". Archived from the original on 27 June 2018. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
  32. ^ "The best cities in the UK in 2021". CN Traveller. 7 October 2020.
  33. ^ "North-Yorkshire house prices in maps and graphs".
  34. ^ "Top most expensive places to live in North Yorkshire - is your area included?". The Northern Echo.
  35. ^ "Regional Gross Value Added" (PDF). Office for National Statistics. 21 December 2005. pp. 240–253. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 December 2007. Retrieved 6 October 2008.
  36. ^ "Authority could hike North Yorkshire residents' council tax bills by up to 4.99 per cent". 7 January 2021.
  37. ^ "Covid: Lockdown cost Yorkshire economy £8bn, report says". BBC News. 4 February 2021.
  38. ^ "uncertainty for North Yorkshire's 'lost generation' Bauer Radio Ltd".
  39. ^ Halliday, Josh (2 August 2020). "'No one expected this': York at crossroads as coronavirus takes toll". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  40. ^ "'Toughest time in living memory' - unemployment up 141 in York". York Press. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  41. ^ "Insider's Guide to the Yorkshire Dales Filming Locations". PBS Masterpiece. 24 January 2021. Retrieved 27 February 2021.
  42. ^ "New All Creatures Great and Small brings a huge increase in Yorkshire tourism". Examiner. 24 September 2020. Retrieved 27 February 2021.
  43. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Middlesbrough Built-up area sub division (E35001385)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  44. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – York Built-up area sub division (E35000051)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  45. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Eastfield Parish (E04007709)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  46. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Osgodby Parish (E04007694)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  47. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Cayton Parish (E04007663)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  48. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Newby and Scalby Parish (E04007691)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  49. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Seamer Parish (E04007697)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  50. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Scarborough Built-up area (E34004408)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  51. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Redcar Built-up area sub division (E35000002)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  52. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Thornaby-on-Tees Built-up area sub division) (E35001481)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  53. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Ingleby Barwick Parish (E04000275)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  54. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Saltburn, Marske and New Marske Parish (E04000266)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  55. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Guisborough Parish (E04000263)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  56. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Ripon Parish (E04007409)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  57. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Knaresborough Parish (E04007372)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  58. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Selby Parish (E04007765)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  59. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Skipton Parish (E04007117)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  60. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Whitby Parish (E04007706)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  61. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Skelton and Brotton Parish (E04000267)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  62. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Northallerton Parish (E04007234)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  63. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Haxby Parish (E04000603)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  64. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Richmond Parish (E04007520)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  65. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Yarm Parish (E04012074)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  66. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Loftus Parish (E04000265)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 February 2020.

External linksEdit

54°10′N 1°20′W / 54.167°N 1.333°W / 54.167; -1.333