Norwich City F.C.

Norwich City Football Club (also known as The Canaries or The Yellows) is an English professional football club based in Norwich, Norfolk. Norwich compete in the EFL Championship, the second tier of the English football league system. The club was founded in 1902. Since 1935, Norwich have played their home games at Carrow Road and have a long-standing rivalry with East Anglian rivals Ipswich Town, with whom they have contested the East Anglian derby since 1902.

Norwich City
Badge of Norwich City: a green shield with yellow emblems. A bird (canary) on top of a ball as the main image, and a castle above a lion passant guardant in the top left quarter.
Full nameNorwich City Football Club
Nickname(s)
  • The Canaries
  • The Yellows
Founded17 June 1902; 120 years ago (1902-06-17)
GroundCarrow Road
Capacity27,359[1]
OwnerDelia Smith
Michael Wynn-Jones
Head coachDavid Wagner
LeagueEFL Championship
2022–23EFL Championship, 13th of 24
WebsiteClub website
Current season

Norwich have won the League Cup twice, in 1962 and 1985. The club's highest ever league finish came in the 1992–93 season when they finished third in the Premier League. Norwich have featured in the UEFA Cup once, in the 1993–94 season, where they were defeated in the third round, but en route became the first English club to defeat German side Bayern Munich at the Olympiastadion in Munich.

The club is nicknamed "The Canaries" after the history of breeding the birds in the area, which is represented in the team's yellow-and-green kits. The fans' song "On The Ball, City" is the oldest football chant in the world, written in the 1890s and still sung today.

HistoryEdit

Early years (1902–1934)Edit

 
View from Carrow Road towards the city, with Norwich Cathedral in the background

Norwich City F.C. was formed after a meeting at the Criterion Café in Norwich on 17 June 1902 and played their first competitive match, against Harwich & Parkeston, at Newmarket Road on 6 September 1902.[2] They joined the Norfolk & Suffolk League for the 1902–03 season,[3] but following a FA commission, the club was ousted from the amateur game in 1905, as it was deemed a professional organisation. Later that year Norwich were elected to play in the Southern League. With increasing crowds, they were forced to leave Newmarket Road in 1908 and moved to The Nest, a disused chalk pit. The club's original nickname was the Citizens, but this was superseded by 1907 by the Canaries after the club's chairman (who was a keen breeder of canaries) dubbed his boys "The Canaries" and changed their strip to yellow and green. During the First World War, with football suspended and facing spiralling debts, City went into voluntary liquidation on 10 December 1917.[4]

The club was officially reformed on 15 February 1919 – a key figure in the event was Charles Frederick Watling, future lord mayor of Norwich and the father of future club chairman, Geoffrey Watling.[5] When the Football League formed a third Division in May 1920, Norwich joined the Third Division for the following season.[6] Their first league fixture, against Plymouth Argyle, on 28 August 1920, ended in a 1–1 draw. The club went on to endure a mediocre decade, finishing no higher than eighth but no lower than 18th.[4] The following decade proved more successful for the club with a club-record victory, 10–2, over Coventry City.[7] Norwich were promoted as champions to the Second Division in the 1933–34 season under the management of Tom Parker.[8][9]

Move to Carrow Road and an FA Cup semi-final (1934–1959)Edit

With crowds continuing to rise, and with the Football Association raising concerns over the suitability of The Nest, the club considered renovation of the ground, but ultimately decided on a move to Carrow Road. The inaugural match, on 31 August 1935 against West Ham United, ended in a 4–3 victory for the home team and set a new record attendance of 29,779. The biggest highlight of the following four seasons was the visit of King George VI to Carrow Road on 29 October 1938.[4] However the club was relegated to the Third Division at the end of the season.[10]

The league was suspended the following season due to the Second World War, and did not resume until the 1946–47 season.[4] City finished this and the following season in 21st place,[11][12] the poor results forcing the club to apply for re-election to the league.[13] The club narrowly missed out on promotion under the guidance of manager Norman Low in the early 1950s, but following the return of Tom Parker as manager, Norwich finished bottom of the football league in the 1956–57 season.[14]

Events off the field were to overshadow the team's performances as the club faced financial difficulties severe enough to render them non-viable.[15] With debts amounting to more than £20,000, the club was rescued by the formation of a new board, chaired by Geoffrey Watling and the creation of an appeal fund chaired by the Lord Mayor of Norwich, Arthur South, which raised more than £20,000.[15] For these and other services to the club, both men (now deceased) were later honoured by having stands named after them at Carrow Road.[a]

Archie Macaulay became manager when the club was reformed and he oversaw one of the club's greatest achievements, its run to the semi-final of the 1958–59 FA Cup.[15] Competing as a Third Division side, Norwich defeated two First Division opponents along the way, notably a 3–0 win against the Manchester United "Busby Babes".[16][17] City lost the semi-final only after a replay against another First Division side, Luton Town.[13][18] The team of 1958–59 – including Terry Bly who scored seven goals in the run, and Ken Nethercott who played most of the second half of one match in goal despite a dislocated shoulder – is today well represented in the club Hall of Fame.[15][17] The "59 Cup Run" as it is now known locally,[19] "remains as one of the truly great periods in Norwich City's history".[17] Norwich were the third-ever Third Division team to reach the FA Cup semi-final.[17]

League Cup glory and a place in the First Division (1959–1980)Edit

 
Norwich City F.C. in 1959 with; from left, standing. Roy McCrohan, Hunt, Ken Nethercott, Butler, Ron Ashman, Crowe; seated from left: Crossan, Terry Allcock, Terry Bly, Hill, Brennan.

In the 1959–60 season, Norwich were promoted to the Second Division after finishing second to Southampton, and achieved a fourth-place finish in the 1960–61 season.[13] In 1962 Ron Ashman guided Norwich to their first trophy, defeating Rochdale 4–0 on aggregate in a two-legged final to win the League Cup.[20]

Sixth place in the league was the closest the club came to promotion to the First Division again during the 1960s, but after winning the division in the 1971–72 season under manager Ron Saunders, Norwich City reached the highest level of English football for the first time.[21] They made their first appearance at Wembley Stadium in 1973,[22] losing the League Cup final 1–0 to Tottenham Hotspur.[23]

Relegation to the Second Division in 1973–74 season came after Saunders had departed and been succeeded by John Bond, but the board of directors kept faith in Bond and were quickly rewarded.[21] A highly successful first season saw promotion back to the First Division,[24] and another visit to Wembley, again in the League Cup final, this time losing 1–0 to Aston Villa.[25]

Promotion, silverware and more cup runs (1980–1992)Edit

Bond departed to Manchester City in autumn 1980,[26] and the club were relegated six months later,[24] but bounced back the following season after finishing third under Bond's successor Ken Brown.[27] In August 1981, Norwich City striker Justin Fashanu became the first black footballer to command a £1 million transfer fee when he moved to Nottingham Forest.[28]

The 1984–85 season was of mixed fortunes for the club; under Brown's guidance, they reached the final of the Football League Cup at Wembley Stadium, having defeated Ipswich Town in the semi-final.[29] In the final, they beat Sunderland 1–0,[29] but in the league, both Norwich and Sunderland were relegated to the second tier of English football.[30] This made Norwich the first English club to win a major trophy and suffer relegation in the same season; something which was not matched until Birmingham City also suffered relegation the season they won the League Cup 26 years later.[31]

Norwich were also denied their first foray into Europe with the ban on English clubs after the Heysel Stadium disaster.[32][33] City bounced back to the top flight by winning the Second Division championship in the 1985–86 season.[34] This was the start a club-record nine consecutive seasons in the top division of English football.[24] High league placing in the First Division in 1988–89 would have been enough for UEFA Cup qualification, but the ban on English clubs remained.[33] They also had good cup runs during this period, reaching the FA Cup semi-finals in 1989 and again in 1992.[35][36]

Early success in the Premier League era (1992–1995)Edit

During 1992–93, the inaugural season of the Premier League, Norwich City quickly emerged as surprise title contenders,[37] before faltering in the final weeks to finish third behind the champions, Manchester United, and runners-up Aston Villa.[38] The following season Norwich participated in the UEFA Cup for the first (and only) time,[39] losing in the third round to Inter Milan, but defeating Bayern Munich. Winning 2–1, Norwich were the first British team to beat Bayern Munich in the Olympiastadion.[40][41]

Mike Walker quit as Norwich City manager in January 1994,[42] to take charge of Everton and was replaced by first team coach John Deehan who led the club to 12th place in the 1993–94 season in the Premier League.[43][44] Norwich began the 1994–95 season well, despite the pre-season departure of top scorer Chris Sutton to Blackburn Rovers for a British record fee of £5 million,[45] and by Christmas they were seventh in the league.[46] Norwich then won only one of their final 20 league games,[47] and slumped to 20th place and relegation, ending a nine-season run in the top flight.[48]

The First Division years (1995–2003)Edit

Shortly before relegation, Deehan resigned as manager and his assistant Gary Megson took over until the end of the season.[49] Martin O'Neill, who had taken Wycombe Wanderers from the Conference to the Second Division with successive promotions, was appointed as Norwich City manager in summer 1995.[50] He lasted just six months in the job before resigning after a dispute with chairman Robert Chase over money to strengthen the squad.[51] Soon after, Chase stepped down after protests from supporters, who complained that he kept selling the club's best players and was to blame for their relegation.[52] Chase's majority stakeholding was bought by Geoffrey Watling.[53]

English television cook Delia Smith and husband Michael Wynn-Jones took over the majority of Norwich City's shares from Watling in 1996,[53] and Mike Walker was re-appointed as the club's manager.[54] He was unable to repeat the success achieved during his first spell and was dismissed two seasons later with Norwich mid-table in Division One.[55] Nigel Worthington took over as Norwich City manager in December 2000 following an unsuccessful two years for the club under Bruce Rioch and then Bryan Hamilton. He had been on the coaching staff under Hamilton who resigned with the club 20th in the First Division and in real danger of relegation to the third tier of English football for the first time since the 1960s.[56] Worthington avoided the threat of relegation and, the following season, led City to a play-off final at the Millennium Stadium, which Norwich lost against Birmingham City on penalties.[57]

Return to the Premier League (2003–2009)Edit

 
City players celebrate winning the First Division Championship, 2004

The 2003–04 season saw the club win the First Division title, finishing eight points clear of second-placed West Bromwich Albion and returned to the top flight for the first time since 1995.[58] For much of the 2004–05 season, the club struggled and a last day 6–0 defeat away to Fulham condemned them to relegation.[59] The club finished in ninth place in the Championship in the 2005–06 season[60] and, as results in the 2006–07 season went against City, Worthington was dismissed in October 2006, directly after a 4–1 defeat by Burnley.[61]

In October 2006, Norwich announced that former City player Peter Grant had left West Ham United to become the new manager.[62] Grant's side struggled for most of the season and made a poor start to the 2007–08 season, with only two wins by mid October; following a 1–0 defeat at fellow-strugglers Queens Park Rangers, Grant left the club by mutual consent on in October 2007.[63] Later the same month, former Newcastle United manager Glenn Roeder was confirmed as Grant's replacement.[64] Roeder kept Norwich in the Championship with a 3–0 win over Queens Park Rangers, Norwich's penultimate game of the season.[65][66]

Yo-yo years (2009–present)Edit

In January 2009, Roeder was relieved of his duties as manager[67] and, shortly after, former Norwich goalkeeper Bryan Gunn was appointed until the end of the season.[68] However, he was unable to prevent the club from being relegated in May 2009, after a 4–2 defeat away to already relegated Charlton Athletic.[69] Following their relegation, their first game of the season resulted in a 7–1 home defeat against East Anglian rivals Colchester United. This was the club's heaviest ever home defeat and Gunn was dismissed six days later.[70]

On 18 August 2009, Paul Lambert was announced as the new manager, leaving his post at Colchester, and nine months later led Norwich to promotion back to the Championship as League One Champions, after a single season in League One.[71][72] The following season saw Norwich promoted to the Premier League, finishing second in the table and completing the first back-to-back promotions from the third tier to the first since Manchester City in 2000.[73]

The club finished in 12th place in their first season back in the Premier League.[74] However, Lambert resigned within a month of the season's close to take up the vacant managerial spot at league rivals Aston Villa and was replaced by Chris Hughton.[75] Hughton led Norwich to an 11th-place finish, including a ten-game unbeaten run in the league,[76][77] but they were relegated back to the Championship after the 2013–14 season. Hughton was dismissed to be replaced by former Norwich player Neil Adams.[78][79]

After a mediocre first half of the 2014–15 season, Adams resigned in January 2015 and Hamilton Academical manager Alex Neil was appointed as Norwich manager four days later.[80][81] The appointment reinvigorated Norwich's season, and victory in the 2015 Championship play-off final secured an immediate return to the top division of English football.[82] This was only temporary relief, as at the end of the next season they were relegated again to play the 2016–17 season in the Championship.[83]

The following season started successfully, with the club sitting top of the Championship in mid-October. However, a poor run of form and results followed and in March 2017, Neil was dismissed by the club.[84] First-team coach Alan Irvine was placed in caretaker charge for the remainder of the season, ultimately finishing in eighth.[85][86]

In May 2017, the club appointed German coach Daniel Farke as head coach, becoming the first head coach of the club in its 114-year history that was not from the British Isles.[87] In Farke's first season, Norwich finished in 14th place. The following season was far more successful; helped by top scorer Teemu Pukki, the club was promoted back to the Premier League after a three-year absence as Championship winners.[88] However, Norwich were once again relegated back to the Championship after just a single season back in the top flight, becoming the first team in Premier League history to be relegated five times from the division.[89] The yo-yo effect continued unabated: in May 2021, Norwich were crowned winners of the Championship, securing promotion back to the top flight at the first time of asking,[90] but they failed to win a match in their first nine games back in the Premier League in the 2021–22 season,[91] and Farke was dismissed by the club in November.[92][93] On 14 November 2021, the club appointed former Walsall, Brentford and Aston Villa manager Dean Smith as their new head coach.[94] Norwich completed a record sixth relegation from the Premier League,[95] and, after an indifferent first half of the following season, Smith was dismissed in December 2022.[96]

On 6 January 2023, the club appointed former Huddersfield Town, Schalke and Young Boys manager David Wagner as their new head coach.[97]

Colours and badgeEdit

 
City of Norwich Coat of Arms

Norwich City's nickname, "The Canaries", has long influenced the team's colours and badge. Originally, the club was nicknamed the "Citizens" ("Cits" for short), and played in light blue and white halved shirts,[4] although the halves were inconsistent: the blue was on the left on some shirts, and on the right for others.[98] The earliest known recorded link between the club and canaries comes in an interview recorded in the Eastern Daily Press with the newly appointed manager, John Bowman in April 1905. The paper quotes him saying "Well I knew of the City's existence ... I have ... heard of the canaries."[99] "This as far as we can tell is the first time that the popular pastime of the day ie ... rearing ... canaries was linked with Norwich City FC... the club still played in blue and white, and would continue to do so for another two seasons" wrote one history of the club.[99]

By February 1907, the nickname Canaries had come more into vogue; thoughts that an FA Cup tie against West Bromwich Albion (nicknamed "Throstles" after a bird) was "a bird -singing contest" were dismissed by the polymath C. B. Fry as "humbug" but the national press increasingly referred to the team as Canaries.[100] The following season, to match the nickname, City played for the first time in Canary livery; "yellow shirts with green collars and cuffs. One paper produced the quote 'The Cits are dead but the Canaries are very much alive'."[101] While the home colours of yellow and green remain to this day, the away colours have varied since introduction. For example, the away kit for the 2012–13 season was black shirts and shorts.[102]

A simple canary badge was first adopted in 1922.[103] The current club badge consists of a canary resting on a football with a stylised version of the City of Norwich arms in the top left corner.[104] For the club's centenary celebrations in 2002, a special badge was designed, featuring two canaries looking left and right, plus a ribbon noting the centenary.[105]

In November 2021, the club unveiled a new club badge that officially replaced the previous badge on all club branding from June 2022 and that would appear on club shirts from the 2022–23 season. It is a modernised version of its predecessor that removed black keylines around the badge, a redesigned version of the city's coat of arms that more closely resembles a lion and Norwich Castle, and a redesigned canary on a ball that's more centralised in the badge than its predecessor.[106]

StadiumEdit

Norwich City played at Newmarket Road from 1902 to 1908, with a record attendance of 10,366 against Sheffield Wednesday in a second round FA Cup match in 1908.[107] Following a dispute over the conditions of renting the Newmarket Road ground, in 1908 the club moved to a new home in a converted disused chalk pit in Rosary Road which became known as "The Nest".[108] By the 1930s, the ground was too small for the growing crowds, and in 1935 the club moved to its current home in Carrow Road.[109] The original stadium, "the largest construction job in the city since the building of Norwich Castle... was "miraculously" built in just 82 days... it was referred to [by club officials] as 'The eighth wonder of the world'"[110][111] An aerial photograph from August 1935 shows three sides of open terracing and a covered stand, with a Colman's Mustard advertisement painted on its roof, visible only from the air.[112] Another photograph, taken on a match day that same season, shows that a parking area was provided at the ground.[113]

Floodlights were erected at the ground in 1956, but their cost of £9,000 nearly sent the club into bankruptcy. The success in the 1959 FA Cup secured the financial status of the club and allowed a cover to be built over the South Stand. This was itself replaced in 2003 when a new 7,000 seat South stand was built in its place and subsequently renamed the Jarrold Stand.[109]

1963 saw the record attendance for Carrow Road, with a crowd of 43,984 for a 6th round FA Cup match against Leicester City. After the Ibrox disaster in 1971, safety licences were required by clubs and this drastically reduced the ground's capacity to around 20,000. A two-tier terrace was built at the River End, and seats began to replace the terraces. By 1979 the stadium had a capacity of 28,392 with seats for 12,675. A fire in 1984 partially destroyed one of the stands, which eventually led to its complete demolition and replacement by 1987 of a new City Stand, which chairman Robert Chase described as "Coming to a football match within the City Stand is very much like going to the theatre – the only difference being that our stage is covered with grass".[109] After the Hillsborough disaster in 1989 and the subsequent outcome of the Taylor Report in 1990, the stadium was converted to all-seater. It has a capacity of 27,359.[1]

SupportersEdit

 
Norwich City fans at the 2015 Play-off final at London's Wembley Stadium

While much of the support that the club enjoys is local, there are a number of expatriate fan clubs, notably in London and stretching from Scandinavia to countries further afield such as the United Arab Emirates, Bermuda, Hong Kong, Thailand, Australia and the United States.[114]

The fans' song, On the Ball, City, is the oldest football song in the world still in use today; the song is older than the club itself, having probably been penned for Norwich Teachers or Caley's FC in the 1890s and adapted for Norwich City.[99] Although the first use of the tune and song is disputed, it had been adopted by 1902 and it remains in use today in part if not the whole.[99] The chorus is:[115]

Kick off, throw in, have a little scrimmage,

Keep it low, a splendid rush, bravo, win or die;
On the ball City, never mind the danger,
Steady on, now's your chance,
Hurrah! We've scored a goal,

City! clap-clap City! clap-clap City! clap-clap

 
Historical league positions of local clubs; one of the bases for claims to the "Pride of Anglia" title

The club's main local rival is Ipswich Town. When Norwich and Ipswich meet it is known as the East Anglian derby, or, informally, as the 'Old Farm Derby' – a comic reference to the Old Firm derby played between Scottish clubs Celtic and Rangers.[116] Norwich are currently unbeaten against Ipswich since April 2009; 14 years ago (2009-04).[117] Locally, much is made of the informal title "Pride of Anglia". Fans variously claim the title for either winning the East Anglian derby, finishing highest in the league, having the better current league position, having the more successful club history or for reasons without any apparent logical basis.[citation needed]

The club also maintains a healthy celebrity support with celebrity cook Delia Smith and comedian Stephen Fry both having moved from being fans of the club to running it.[118] Actor Hugh Jackman is also a fan of the club, having been taken to Carrow Road as a child by his English mother, though he turned down an opportunity to become an investor in the club in 2010.[119] Other well-known supporters include television presenter Simon Thomas, who is vice-president of the Norwich City Supporters Trust,[120][121] Norfolk-born musician, model and media personality Myleene Klass, fiction author Philip Pullman, and former Labour politician Ed Balls.[122][123] Journalist and broadcaster David Frost also declared his love for The Canaries during his lifetime.[122]

In March 2018, supporters helped the club raise £5 million through a mini-bond investment scheme.[124] The purpose of the mini-bond, called the Canaries Bond[125] was to raise money to fund new academy facilities at Colney Training Ground for the Norwich City F.C. Under-23s and Academy.[126]

Current ownershipEdit

 
Michael Wynn-Jones and Delia Smith at a fans' event

Norwich City F.C. is a public limited company that, in 2003, comprised approximately 8,000 individual shareholdings.[127] As of September 2022, Delia Smith and husband Michael Wynn-Jones are the joint majority shareholders.[53]

At the 2006–07 Norwich City FC Annual General Meeting (on 18 January 2007), Smith and Wynn-Jones announced that they would be open to offers to buy their majority stake-holding in the club. They made clear that any prospective buyer would have to invest heavily in the squad, with regards to team improving.[128]

The only way we would relinquish our shares is if somebody is going to put money into the football ... Only if they put money into the squad – not if they buy our shares, we don't want money. It has to be that there is money for the squad, serious money for the squad.

In September 2022, a general meeting of shareholders took place to discuss and voted for Milwaukee Brewers owner Mark Attanasio to be appointed as a director at the club.[129][130] Attanasio is expected to buy the 15.9% stake in the club currently owned by Michael Foulger.[130]

Records and statisticsEdit

 
Chart of Norwich's table positions since joining the Football League

Ashman holds the record for Norwich league appearances, having played 592 first-team matches between 1947 and 1964.[7] Ralph Hunt holds the record for the most goals scored in a season, 31 in the 1955–56 season in the Third Division South, with Johnny Gavin the top scorer over a career – 122 between 1948 and 1955[7]

The club's widest victory margin in the league was their 10–2 win against Coventry City in the Third Division South in 1930.[7] Their heaviest defeat in the league was 10–2 against Swindon Town in 1908 in the Southern League.[7]

Norwich's record home attendance is 43,984 for a sixth-round FA Cup match against Leicester City on 30 March 1963.[7] In the wake of the Ibrox stadium disaster in 1971, government regulations resulted in the capacity being drastically reduced to around 20,000.[109] After the Hillsborough disaster in 1989 and the subsequent Taylor Report in 1990, the stadium was converted to all-seater.[131] As of July 2020, the capacity is 27,359.[1]

The highest transfer fee received for a Norwich player is £33 million from Aston Villa for Emiliano Buendía in June 2021, while the most spent by the club on a player was for the signing of Christos Tzolis for £8.8 million from PAOK FC in August 2021.[7][132]

The club's highest league finish was third in the Premier League in 1992–93.[131] The 2021–22 season was Norwich's 27th in the top flight of English football. The club has won the League Cup twice (most recently in 1985) and reached the FA Cup semi-final three times, most recently in 1992.[131] Norwich have taken part in European competition once, reaching the third round of the UEFA Cup in 1993–94 and are the only English side to beat Bayern Munich in the Olympiastadion.[37]

PlayersEdit

First-team squadEdit

As of 31 May 2023[133]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
1 GK   NED Tim Krul
2 DF   ENG Max Aarons
3 DF   ENG Bali Mumba
4 DF   IRL Andrew Omobamidele (3rd captain)
5 DF   SCO Grant Hanley (captain)
6 DF   ENG Ben Gibson (vice-captain)
7 DF   ENG Jack Stacey
10 FW   ENG Ashley Barnes
11 FW   IRL Adam Idah
15 DF   ENG Sam McCallum
17 MF   BRA Gabriel Sara
18 MF   GRE Christos Tzolis
19 MF   DEN Jacob Sørensen
20 MF   POL Przemysław Płacheta
No. Pos. Nation Player
23 MF   SCO Kenny McLean
24 FW   USA Josh Sargent
25 MF   CUB Onel Hernández
26 MF   CHI Marcelino Núñez
27 FW   ENG Jonathan Rowe
28 GK   SCO Angus Gunn
30 DF   GRE Dimitris Giannoulis
37 GK   WAL Daniel Barden
46 MF   ENG Liam Gibbs
47 FW   ENG Abu Kamara

Out on loanEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
7 MF   KOS Milot Rashica (at Galatasaray until the end of the season)[134]
21 MF   LUX Danel Sinani (at Wigan Athletic until the end of the season)
42 MF   IRL Tony Springett (at Derby County until the end of the season)[135]
45 DF   USA Jonathan Tomkinson (at Stevenage until the end of the season)
MF   ENG Josh Martin (at Barnsley until the end of the season)[136]

Development squadEdit

This team is made up of under-23 and academy players and is effectively Norwich City's second-string side, but is limited to three outfield players and one goalkeeper over the age of 23 per game.[137]

In March 2018, the public mini-bond investment scheme mentioned above raised £5 million.[138][139] With this investment, the club installed new pitches at its Category 1 Academy, as well as a new irrigation system, cameras for analysis and floodlights, a new main building, with a gym, classrooms, physios room, changing rooms and offices. A stand was also installed next to the main Academy pitch.[140]

Notable playersEdit

Past (and present) players who are the subjects of Wikipedia articles can be found here

During the club's centenary season, a "Hall of Fame" was created, honouring 100 former players chosen by fan vote. Further players have since been inducted into the Norwich City Hall of Fame.[141][142]

Greatest Ever Norwich City XI (1902–2008)Edit

In 2008, supporters cast votes to determine the greatest ever Norwich City team.[143]

Players of the SeasonEdit

Every year, fans vote for whom they believe to have been the player of the season.[144][145]

Season Winner
1966–67 Terry Allcock
1967–68 Hugh Curran
1968–69 Ken Foggo
1969–70 Duncan Forbes
1970–71 Ken Foggo
1971–72 Dave Stringer
1972–73 Kevin Keelan
1973–74 Kevin Keelan
1974–75 Colin Suggett
1975–76 Martin Peters
1976–77 Martin Peters
1977–78 John Ryan
 
Season Winner
1978–79 Tony Powell
1979–80 Kevin Bond
1980–81 Joe Royle
1981–82 Greg Downs
1982–83 Dave Watson
1983–84 Chris Woods
1984–85 Steve Bruce
1985–86 Kevin Drinkell
1986–87 Kevin Drinkell
1987–88 Bryan Gunn
1988–89 Dale Gordon
1989–90 Mark Bowen
 
Season Winner
1990–91 Ian Culverhouse
1991–92 Robert Fleck
1992–93 Bryan Gunn
1993–94 Chris Sutton
1994–95 Jon Newsome
1995–96 Spencer Prior
1996–97 Darren Eadie
1997–98 Matt Jackson
1998–99 Iwan Roberts
1999–2000 Iwan Roberts
2000–01 Andy Marshall
2001–02 Gary Holt
 
Season Winner
2002–03 Adam Drury
2003–04 Craig Fleming
2004–05 Darren Huckerby
2005–06 Gary Doherty
2006–07 Darren Huckerby
2007–08 Dion Dublin
2008–09 Lee Croft
2009–10 Grant Holt
2010–11 Grant Holt
2011–12 Grant Holt
2012–13 Sébastien Bassong
2013–14 Robert Snodgrass
 
Season Winner
2014–15 Bradley Johnson
2015–16 Jonny Howson
2016–17 Wes Hoolahan
2017–18 James Maddison
2018–19 Teemu Pukki
2019–20 Tim Krul
2020–21 Emiliano Buendía
2021–22 Teemu Pukki
2022–23 Gabriel Sara

Club staffEdit

ManagersEdit

As of 19 September 2022. Not including caretaker managers. Only professional, competitive matches are counted.[147]
Name From To G W D L %W
John Bowman 1 August 1905 31 July 1907 78 31 23 24 039.7
James McEwen 1 August 1907 31 May 1908 43 13 10 20 030.2
Arthur Turner 1 August 1909 31 May 1910 86 27 22 37 031.4
Bert Stansfield 1 August 1910 31 May 1915 248 78 75 95 031.5
Frank Buckley 1 August 1919 1 July 1920 43 15 11 17 034.9
Charles O'Hagan 1 July 1920 1 January 1921 21 4 9 8 019.0
Bert Gosnell 1 January 1921 28 February 1926 233 59 79 95 025.3
Bert Stansfield 1 March 1926 1 November 1926
Cecil Potter 1 November 1926 1 January 1929 101 30 26 45 029.7
James Kerr 1 April 1929 28 February 1933 168 65 43 60 038.7
Tom Parker 1 March 1933
1 May 1955
1 February 1937
31 March 1957
271 104 69 98 038.4
Bob Young 1 February 1937
1 September 1939
31 December 1938
31 May 1946
78 26 14 38 033.3
Jimmy Jewell 1 January 1939 1 September 1939 20 6 4 10 030.0
Duggie Lochhead 1 December 1945 1 March 1950 104 42 28 34 040.4
Cyril Spiers 1 June 1946 1 December 1947 65 15 12 38 023.1
Norman Low 1 May 1950 30 April 1955 258 129 56 73 050.0
Archie Macaulay 1 April 1957 1 October 1961 224 105 60 59 046.9
Willie Reid 1 December 1961 1 May 1962 31 13 6 12 041.9
George Swindin 1 May 1962 30 November 1962 20 10 5 5 050.0
Ron Ashman 1 December 1962 31 May 1966 162 59 39 64 036.4
Lol Morgan 1 June 1966 1 May 1969 127 45 47 35 035.4
Ron Saunders 1 July 1969 16 November 1973 221 84 61 76 038.0
John Bond 27 November 1973 31 October 1980 340 105 114 121 030.9
Ken Brown 1 November 1980 9 November 1987 367 150 93 124 040.9
Dave Stringer 9 November 1987 1 May 1992 229 89 58 82 038.9
Mike Walker 1 June 1992
21 June 1996
6 January 1994
30 April 1998
179 69 46 64 038.5
John Deehan 12 January 1994 31 July 1995 58 13 22 23 022.4
Martin O'Neill August 1995 December 1995 26 12 9 5 046.2
Gary Megson December 1995 21 June 1996 32 5 10 17 015.6
Bruce Rioch 12 June 1998 13 March 2000 93 30 31 32 032.3
Bryan Hamilton 5 April 2000 4 December 2000 35 10 10 15 028.6
Nigel Worthington 4 December 2000 2 October 2006 280 114 104 62 040.7
Peter Grant 13 October 2006 9 October 2007 54 18 12 24 033.3
Glenn Roeder 30 October 2007 14 January 2009 65 20 15 30 030.8
Bryan Gunn 16 January 2009 13 August 2009 21 6 5 10 028.6
Paul Lambert 18 August 2009 2 June 2012 142 70 37 35 049.3
Chris Hughton 6 June 2012 6 April 2014 82 24 23 35 029.3
Neil Adams 6 April 2014 5 January 2015 32 11 8 13 034.4
Alex Neil 9 January 2015 10 March 2017 108 45 21 42 041.7
Daniel Farke 25 May 2017 6 November 2021 208 87 49 72 041.8
Dean Smith 15 November 2021 27 December 2022 42 12 9 21 028.6
David Wagner 6 January 2023 Present 18 7 5 6 038.9

HonoursEdit

Norwich City have won a number of honours:[148]

TitlesEdit

1971–72, 1985–86, 2003–04, 2015 (play off) 2018–19, 2020–21
1933–34, 2009–10
1961–62, 1984–85

European footballEdit

Friendship TrophyEdit

Each time they meet, Norwich and Sunderland contest the Friendship Trophy, a game dating back to the camaraderie forged between fans of the two clubs at the time of the 1985 League Cup final that they contested.[149] Sunderland are the current holders having beaten Norwich 0–1 at Carrow Road on 12 March 2023 in the 2022–23 EFL Championship.[150]

In popular cultureEdit

In the 2001 film Mike Bassett: England Manager,[151] the eponymous hero, played by Ricky Tomlinson, rises to prominence as a result of success as manager of Norwich City, having won the 'Mr Clutch Cup'. The celebratory scenes of the open-top bus ride around the city were actually shot in St Albans, Hertfordshire, rather than Norwich.[152]

Norwich City WomenEdit

Norwich City Women is the women's football club affiliated to Norwich City.[153] Since 2022, they have been managed by Flo Allen,[154] and currently compete in Division One South East,[154] in the third tier of English women's football.[155] Norwich City Women play their home games at The Nest, a 22 acres (8.9 ha) site at Horsford.[154][156]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The South Stand was later renamed the Jarrold Stand. See Carrow Road#Stands
  2. ^ Norwich's highest finish in the first tier is third in the 1992–93 Premier League.
  3. ^ Norwich's best performances in the FA Cup have been appearances in the semi-finals in the 1958–59, 1988–89 and 1991–92 seasons.

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Further readingEdit

  • Baldwin, Kevin (1993). Norfolk 'n' Good: A Supporter's View of Norwich City's Best-ever Season. Yellow Bird Publishing. ISBN 978-0-9522074-0-5.
  • Baldwin, Kevin (1997). Second Coming: Supporter's View of the New Era at Norwich City. Yellow Bird Publishing. ISBN 978-0-9522074-1-2.
  • Couzens-Lake, Edward (2010). Norwich City Miscellany. Pitch Publishing. ISBN 978-1-905411-70-2.
  • Couzens-Lake, Edward (2020). Fantasy Football. Legends Publishing. ISBN 978-1-906796-52-5.
  • Couzens-Lake, Edward (2012). Norwich City: Greatest Games. Pitch Publishing. ISBN 978-1-908051-46-2.
  • Davage, Mike; Eastwood, John; Platt, Kevin (2001). Canary Citizens. Jarrold Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7117-2020-6.

External linksEdit