Portal:Pakistan

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The Pakistan Portal

Flag of Pakistan.svg Introduction

Flag of Pakistan
State emblem of Pakistan
Location on the world map
"The National Anthem"
Qaumī Tarānah
قَومی ترانہ

Pakistan (Urdu: پَاکِسْتَان [ˈpaːkɪstaːn]), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اِسْلامی جَمْہُورِیَہ پَاکِسْتَان), is a country in South Asia. It is the world's fifth-most populous country, with a population of over 249 million people, and has the world's second-largest Muslim population, just behind Indonesia. Islamabad is the nation's capital, while Karachi is its largest city and financial centre, followed by Lahore and Faisalabad. Pakistan is the 33rd-largest country in the world by area and the second-largest in South Asia, spanning 881,913 square kilometres (340,509 square miles). It has a 1,046-kilometre (650-mile) coastline along the Arabian Sea and Gulf of Oman in the south, and is bordered by India to the east, Afghanistan to the west, Iran to the southwest, and China to the northeast. It is separated narrowly from Tajikistan by Afghanistan's Wakhan Corridor in the north, and also shares a maritime border with Oman.

Pakistan is the site of several ancient cultures, including the 8,500-year-old Neolithic site of Mehrgarh in Balochistan, the Indus Valley civilisation of the Bronze Age, and the ancient Gandhara civilisation. The regions that comprise the modern state of Pakistan were the realm of multiple empires and dynasties, including the Achaemenid, the Maurya, the Kushan, the Gupta; the Umayyad Caliphate in its southern regions, the Samma, the Hindu Shahis, the Shah Miris, the Ghaznavids, the Delhi Sultanate, the Mughals, and most recently, the British Raj from 1858 to 1947. (Full article...)

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The history of Sindh refers to the history of the modern-day Pakistani province of Sindh, as well as neighboring regions that periodically came under its sway.

Sindh was the site of one of the Cradle of civilizations, the Bronze Age Indus Valley civilisation that flourished from about 3000 B.C. and declined rapidly 1,000 years later, following the Indo-Aryan migrations that overran the region in waves between 1500 and 500 B.C. The migrating Indo-Aryan tribes gave rise to the Iron Age vedic civilization, which lasted till 500 BC. During this era, the Vedas were composed. In 518 BC, the Achaemenid empire conquered Indus valley and established Hindush satrapy in Sindh. Following Alexander the Great's invasion, Sindh became part of the Mauryan Empire. After its decline, Indo-Greeks, Indo-Scythians and Indo-Parthians ruled in Sindh. (Full article...)
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FaizMahal.jpg

A beautiful view of Faiz Mahal in Khairpur, Sindh. Faiz Mahal was built in 1798 as the palace of the Talpur Dynasty in Khairpur Mirs. During the Talpur Rule Khairpur was considered as a Golden City famous for free education and healthcare, Tax freedoms and virtually no crime. It used to be cultural center famous for Ilm-e-Adab (Education and Literatures)and was provided with large parks, sports facilities and clubs.

Photo credit: Arsalan R. Kazi

General images

The following are images from various Pakistan-related articles on Wikipedia.

This week in history

Kashmir2005 aid.jpg

Provinces and Territories

Clickable map of the four provinces and three federal territories of Pakistan.
Balochistan (Pakistan)Punjab (Pakistan)SindhIslamabad Capital TerritoryKhyber PakhtunkhwaKhyber PakhtunkhwaAzad KashmirGilgit-BaltistanA clickable map of Pakistan exhibiting its administrative units.
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Provinces:

  1. Balochistan
  2. Khyber Pukhtunkhwa (KPK)
  3. Punjab
  4. Sindh

Territories:

  1. Islamabad Capital Territory
  2. Federally Administered Tribal Areas

Pakistani-administered portions of the Kashmir:

  1. Azad Kashmir
  2. Gilgit-Baltistan

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Tehmina Durrani in 1994.jpg
Durrani at an event in 1994

Tehmina Durrani (Urdu: تہمینہ درانی; born 18 February 1953) is a Pakistani author, artist, activist on women's and children's rights, and the current First Lady of Pakistan being married to Prime Minister Shehbaz Sharif. Her first book, "My Feudal Lord" (1991), shocked conservative Pakistani society because of the sensational exposure of her politically famous but abusive husband, Mustafa Khar.

Her three-year tenure of service alongside Abdul Satar Edhi was transformational and life changing. It also resulted in her authoring his (narrated) autobiography, "A Mirror to the Blind" (1996). The influence of Edhi spurred her into social work and inspired her to establish the 'Tehmina Durrani Foundation', with a mission to further Edhi's way of "humanitarianism", and his vision of Pakistan as a social welfare state. (Full article...)

Did you know?

  • ... that Ruth Katherina Martha Pfau, the famous German–Pakistani Catholic nun who devoted more than 55 years of her life to fighting leprosy was the first Christian and first non-Muslim to have a state funeral in Pakistan? (2 September 2021)
  • ... that Lahore Knowledge Park is an actualization of Triple Helix configuration; a framework to create synergies between government, academia and industry to operate into an interactive rather than linear model for the establishment of social formats and entities to promote commercial innovation and R&D. [2] (27 January, 2017)
  • ... that Sialkot is the world's largest producer of hand-sewed footballs, with local factories manufacturing 40~60 million footballs a year, amounting to roughly 60% of world production. (4 December, 2017)
  • ... that Hafiz Muhammad Fazal Azim Taha, the famous living Pakistani poet said about Iqbal's work that "He not only dreamed for Pakistan but also got the nation up for their rights". This famous saying is regarded as Iqbal's definition. (14 July, 2014)
  • ... that The Edhi Foundation, founded by Edhi, runs the world's largest volunteer ambulance service operating 1,800 of them with upto 6,000 a day in Karachi alone. (4 December 2017)


Pakistan news

Today is June 4, 2023
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For up to date, in depth news coverage on Pakistan, see Wikinews:Portal:Pakistan. Wikinews is a sister project of Wikipedia, which deals with journalism of current events. They are both operated by the Wikimedia Foundation.
28 May 2023 –
Three people are injured in Battagram District, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan, when a magnitude 5.2 earthquake strikes Badakshan, Afghanistan. (Dawn)
27 May 2023 – 2023 Astore avalanche
Eleven people are killed and 25 more injured when a nomadic tribe is hit by an avalanche in the Astore District, Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan. (AP)
24 May 2023 – Insurgency in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Four people are killed and several others are injured by a suicide car bombing at a checkpoint in North Waziristan District, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. (AP)
23 May 2023 – Insurgency in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Four security troops and two private guards are killed after several gunmen tried to storm an oil and gas plant in Hangu, Pakistan. (AP)
21 May 2023 – Sistan and Baluchestan insurgency
Five Iranian border guards are killed and two others are injured in Saravan, Sistan and Baluchestan province, during a confrontation with an armed group at the border with Pakistan. (AP)
12 May 2023 – Insurgency in Balochistan
Six soldiers and a civilian are killed, and six others are wounded, when gunmen storm a security facility in Muslim Bagh, Balochistan, Pakistan. All six attackers are killed. (Al Jazeera)

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You are cordially invited to join and contribute to WikiProject Pakistan, a WikiProject dedicated to the development and improvement of articles relating to Pakistan.

Associated Wikimedia

The following Wikimedia Foundation sister projects provide more on this subject:

Wikipedias in Pakistani languages

كشميري (Kashmiri) • پښتو (Pashto) • فارسی (Persian) • پنجابی (Punjabi) • سنڌي (Sindhi) • اردو (Urdu)

Sources

  1. ^ Mahendra, Anjali. "The Metro Bus System comes to Lahore, Pakistan". TheCityFix. World Resources Institute. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  2. ^ "Lahore Knowledge Park Company".
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