The Siberia Portal
A portal dedicated to Siberia
Siberia (/saɪˈbɪəriə/ sy-BEER-ee-ə; Russian: Сибирь, romanized: Sibir', IPA: [sʲɪˈbʲirʲ] (listen)) is an extensive geographical region comprising all of North Asia, from the Ural Mountains in the west to the Pacific Ocean in the east. It has formed part of the sovereign territory of Russia and its various predecessor states since the centuries-long conquest of Siberia, which began with the fall of the Khanate of Sibir in the late 16th century and concluded with the annexation of Chukotka in 1778. Siberia is vast and sparsely populated, covering an area of over 13.1 million square kilometres (5,100,000 sq mi), but home to only one-fifth of Russia's population. Novosibirsk, Omsk, and Chelyabinsk are the largest cities in the area.
Because Siberia is a geographic and historic concept and not a political entity, there is no single precise definition of its territorial borders. Traditionally, Siberia spans the entire expanse of land from the Ural Mountains to the Pacific Ocean, with the Ural River usually forming the southernmost portion of its western boundary, and includes most of the drainage basin of the Arctic Ocean. It is further defined as stretching from the territories within the Arctic Circle in the north to the northern borders of Kazakhstan, Mongolia, and China in the south, although the hills of north-central Kazakhstan are also commonly included. The Russian government divides the region into three federal districts (groupings of Russian federal subjects), of which only the central one is officially referred to as "Siberian"; the other two are the Ural and Far Eastern federal districts, named for the Ural and Russian Far East regions that correspond respectively to the western and eastern thirds of Siberia in the broader sense.
Siberia is known worldwide for its long, harsh winters, with a January average of −25 °C (−13 °F). Although it is geographically situated in Asia, Russian sovereignty and colonization since the 16th century have rendered the region culturally and ethnically European. Over 85% of its population are of European descent, chiefly Russian (comprising the Siberian sub-ethnic group), and Eastern Slavic cultural influences predominate throughout the region. Nevertheless, there exist sizable ethnic minorities of Asian lineage, including various Turkic communities—many of which, such as the Yakuts, Tuvans, Altais, and Khakas, are indigenous—along with the Mongolic Buryats, ethnic Koreans, and smaller groups of Samoyedic and Tungusic peoples (several of whom are classified as indigenous small-numbered peoples by the Russian government), among many others. (Full article...)
Selected article -
A large minority of people in North Asia, particularly in Siberia, follow the religio-cultural practices of shamanism. Some researchers regard Siberia as the heartland of shamanism.The people of Siberia comprise a variety of ethnic groups, many of whom continue to observe shamanistic practices in modern times. Many classical ethnographers recorded the sources of the idea of "shamanism" among Siberian peoples. (Full article...)
Interesting facts -
- Joseph Stalin expelled an American Navy captain from Moscow after learning he had fathered a "love child" with a well-known Soviet film actress, who was then banished to Siberia for eight years.
- 2004 Olympic silver medal winning Australian Opal Alicia Poto played basketball in Siberia after a contract fell through with a Czech club.
- Between 1836 and 1846, the Congregationalist missionary Edward Stallybrass, who had proselytized in Siberia, published translations of the Old and the New Testament into Mongolian.
- Prehistory of Siberia
- History of Siberia
- Geography of Siberia
- North Asia § Geography
- Demographics of Siberia
- Indigenous peoples of Siberia
- Category:Flora of Siberia – includes flora taxa that are native to Siberia. Taxa of the lowest rank are always included. Higher taxa are included only if endemic.
- Siberia Governorate
- Siberian Republic
- Great Russian Regions
- Trans-Siberian Railway
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General images -
German) (from Siberian Traps)The extent of the Siberian Traps (map in
Ilimsky ostrog, now in Taltsy Museum in Irkutsk, Siberia. (from History of Siberia)The tower of the 17th-century Russian
Siberian peoples as depicted in the 17th century Remezov Chronicle. (from History of Siberia)
Siberian Yupik woman holding walrus tusks (from Indigenous peoples of Siberia)A
Siberian river routes were of primary importance in the process of Russian exploration and conquest of Siberia. (from History of Siberia)
Buryat shaman of Olkhon, Lake Baikal in eastern Siberia (from Indigenous peoples of Siberia)
Nenet family in Novaya Zemlya (from Indigenous peoples of Siberia)A
Kranoyarsk Regional Museum, Russia (from Indigenous peoples of Siberia)An indigenous Siberian shaman at
Laminar armour from hardened leather reinforced by wood and bones such as this was worn by native Siberians (from Indigenous peoples of Siberia)
Nenets child (from Indigenous peoples of Siberia)
koch in a museum in Krasnoyarsk. Kochs were the earliest icebreakers and were widely used by Russian people in the Arctic and on Siberian rivers. (from History of Siberia)A 17th-century
geomorphology at the Putorana Plateau, which is a World Heritage Site. (from Siberian Traps)Step-like
Siberia, made in the Russian Empire period, between 1890 and 1907 (from Indigenous peoples of Siberia)An ethnographic map of 16th-century
Koryak men starting a fire (from Indigenous peoples of Siberia)
native iron (from Siberian Traps)A sample of Siberian Traps basalt (dark) containing
Lamellar armour traditionally worn by the Koryak people (circa 1900) (from Indigenous peoples of Siberia)
throat singing, at Krasnoyarsk Regional Museum, Russia (from Indigenous peoples of Siberia)Indigenous Siberian musical instrument used with
Nanai family in traditional costumes (from Indigenous peoples of Siberia)A
Trans-Siberian Railway route map
Most populated areas
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