World Press Freedom Index

(Redirected from Press Freedom Index)

The World Press Freedom Index (WPFI) is an annual ranking of countries compiled and published by Reporters Without Borders (RSF) since 2002 based upon the organisation's own assessment of the countries' press freedom records in the previous year. It intends to reflect the degree of freedom that journalists, news organisations, and netizens have in each country, and the efforts made by authorities to respect this freedom. Reporters Without Borders is careful to note that the WPFI only deals with press freedom and does not measure the quality of journalism in the countries it assesses, nor does it look at human rights violations in general.[2]

2023 World Press Freedom Index[1]
  Good: 85–100 points
  Satisfactory: 70–85 points
  Problematic: 55–70 points
  Difficult: 40–55 points
  Very serious <40 points
  Not classified

MethodologyEdit

The WPFI is partly based on a questionnaire[3] using seven general criteria: pluralism (measures the degree of representation of opinions in the media space), media independence, environment and self-censorship, legislative framework, transparency, infrastructure, and abuses. The questionnaire takes account of the legal framework for the media (including penalties for press offences, the existence of a state monopoly for certain kinds of media and how the media are regulated) and the level of independence of the public media. It also includes violations of the free flow of information on the Internet.

Violence against journalists, netizens, and media assistants, including abuses attributable to the state, armed militias, clandestine organisations or pressure groups, are monitored by RSF staff during the year and are also part of the final score. A smaller score on the report corresponds to greater freedom of the press as reported by the organisation. The questionnaire is sent to Reporters Without Borders's partner organisations: 18 freedom of expression non-governmental organisations located in five continents, its 150 correspondents around the world and journalists, researchers, jurists and human rights activists.[2]

The methodology for the WPFI was dramatically changed in 2022 from the methodology used from 2013–2021, and the thresholds for each categorization have been shifted accordingly.[4]

Rankings and scores by countryEdit

Countries are ranked on a scale from 0–100 points.

Country 2023
[5]
2022
[6]
2021
[7]
2020
[8]
2019
[9]
  Norway (001)
95.18
(001)
92.65
(001)
93.28
(001)
92.16
(001)
92.18
  Ireland (002)
89.91
(006)
88.3
(012)
88.09
(013)
87.40
(015)
85.00
  Denmark (003)
89.48
(002)
90.27
(004)
91.43
(003)
91.87
(005)
90.13
  Sweden (004)
88.15
(003)
88.84
(003)
92.76
(004)
90.75
(003)
91.69
  Finland (005)
87.94
(005)
88.42
(002)
93.01
(002)
92.07
(002)
92.10
  Netherlands (006)
87.00
(028)
77.93
(006)
90.33
(005)
90.04
(004)
91.37
  Lithuania (007)
86.79
(009)
84.14
(028)
79.95
(028)
78.81
(030)
77.94
  Estonia (008)
85.31
(004)
88.83
(015)
84.75
(014)
87.39
(011)
87.73
  Portugal (009)
84.60
(007)
87.07
(009)
89.89
(010)
88.17
(012)
87.37
  East Timor (010)
84.49
(017)
81.89
(071)
70.89
(078)
70.10
(084)
70.07
  Liechtenstein (011)
84.47
(010)
84.03
(023)
80.51
(024)
80.48
(026)
79.51
  Switzerland (012)
84.40
(014)
82.72
(010)
89.45
(008)
89.38
(006)
89.48
  New Zealand (013)
84.23
(011)
83.54
(008)
89.96
(009)
89.31
(007)
89.25
  Czech Republic (014)
83.58
(020)
80.54
(040)
76.62
(040)
76.43
(040)
75.11
  Canada (015)
83.53
(019)
81.74
(013)
84.75
(016)
84.71
(018)
84.31
  Latvia (016)
83.27
(022)
79.17
(022)
80.74
(022)
81.44
(024)
80.47
  Slovakia (017)
83.22
(027)
78.37
(035)
76.98
(033)
77.33
(035)
76.42
  Iceland (018)
83.19
(015)
82.69
(016)
84.63
(015)
84.88
(014)
85.29
  Samoa (019)
82.15
(045)
71.39
(021)
80.76
(021)
81.75
(022)
81.75
  Luxembourg (020)
81.98
(021)
79.81
(020)
82.44
(017)
84.54
(017)
84.34
  Germany (021)
81.91
(016)
82.04
(013)
84.76
(011)
87.84
(013)
85.40
  Namibia (022)
80.91
(018)
81.84
(024)
80.28
(023)
80.75
(023)
81.05
  Costa Rica (023)
82.30
(008)
85.92
(005)
91.24
(007)
89.47
(010)
87.76
  France (024)
78.72
(026)
78.53
(034)
77.4
(034)
77.08
(032)
77.79
  South Africa (025)
78.60
(035)
75.56
(032)
78.41
(031)
77.59
(031)
77.81
  United Kingdom (026)
78.51
(024)
78.71
(033)
78.41
(035)
77.07
(033)
77.77
  Australia (027)
78.24
(039)
73.77
(025)
80.21
(026)
79.79
(021)
83.45
  Moldova (028)
77.62
(040)
73.47
(089)
68.39
(091)
68.84
(091)
68.79
  Austria (029)
77.30
(031)
76.74
(017)
83.66
(018)
84.22
(016)
84.67
  Trinidad and Tobago (030)
76.54
(025)
78.68
(031)
78.45
(036)
76.78
(039)
75.26
  Belgium (031)
76.47
(023)
78.86
(011)
88.31
(012)
87.43
(009)
87.93
  Jamaica (032)
75.89
(012)
83.35
(007)
90.04
(006)
89.49
(008)
88.87
  Cape Verde (033)
75.72
(036)
75.37
(027)
79.91
(025)
79.85
(025)
80.19
  Seychelles (034)
75.71
(013)
83.33
(052)
74.34
(063)
71.34
(069)
70.59
  Taiwan (035)
75.54
(038)
74.08
(043)
76.14
(043)
76.24
(042)
75.02
  Spain (036)
75.37
(032)
76.71
(029)
79.56
(029)
77.84
(029)
78.01
  Andorra (037)
75.05
(053)
68.79
(039)
76.68
(037)
76.77
(037)
75.37
  North Macedonia (038)
74.35
(057)
68.44
(090)
68.33
(092)
68.72
(095)
68.34
  Montenegro (039)
74.28
(063)
66.54
(104)
65.67
(105)
66.17
(104)
67.26
  Argentina (040)
73.36
(029)
77.28
(069)
71.01
(064)
71.22
(057)
71.70
  Italy (041)
72.05
(058)
68.16
(041)
76.61
(041)
76.31
(043)
75.02
  Croatia (042)
71.95
(048)
70.42
(056)
72.05
(059)
71.49
(064)
70.97
  Dominican Republic (043)
71.88
(030)
76.9
(050)
74.4
(055)
72.10
(055)
72.10
  Tonga (044)
71.29
(049)
69.74
(046)
75.41
(050)
72.73
(045)
74.59
  United States (045)
71.22
(042)
72.74
(044)
76.07
(045)
76.15
(048)
74.31
  Gambia (046)
71.06
(050)
69.25
(085)
69.24
(087)
69.38
(092)
68.65
  South Korea (047)
70.83
(043)
72.11
(042)
76.57
(042)
76.30
(041)
75.06
  Suriname (048)
70.62
(052)
68.95
(019)
83.05
(020)
82.50
(020)
83.62
  Armenia (048)
70.61
(051)
68.97
(063)
71.17
(061)
71.40
(061)
71.02
  Slovenia (050)
70.59
(054)
68.54
(036)
76.9
(032)
77.36
(034)
77.69
  Belize (051)
70.49
(047)
70.67
(053)
72.39
(053)
72.50
(053)
72.50
  Uruguay (052)
70.33
(044)
72.03
(018)
83.62
(019)
84.21
(019)
83.94
  Romania (053)
69.04
(056)
68.46
(048)
75.09
(048)
74.09
(047)
74.33
  Ivory Coast (054)
68.83
(037)
74.46
(066)
71.13
(068)
71.06
(071)
70.48
  Cyprus (055)
68.62
(065)
65.97
(026)
80.15
(027)
79.55
(028)
78.26
  Kosovo (056)
68.38
(061)
67
(078)
69.68
(070)
70.67
(075)
70.32
  Poland (057)
67.66
(066)
65.64
(064)
71.16
(062)
71.35
(059)
71.11
  Burkina Faso (058)
67.64
(041)
73.12
(037)
76.83
(038)
76.53
(036)
75.47
  Papua New Guinea (059)
67.62
(062)
66.66
(047)
75.12
(046)
76.07
(038)
75.30
  Guyana (060)
67.50
(034)
76.41
(051)
74.39
(049)
73.37
(051)
73.37
  Niger (061)
66.84
(059)
67.8
(059)
71.56
(057)
71.75
(066)
70.74
  Ghana (062)
65.93
(060)
67.43
(030)
78.67
(030)
77.74
(027)
79.19
  Mauritius (063)
65.56
(064)
66.07
(061)
71.26
(056)
72.00
(058)
71.54
  Bosnia and Herzegovina (064)
65.43
(067)
65.64
(058)
71.66
(058)
71.49
(063)
70.98
  Botswana (065)
64.61
(095)
58.49
(038)
76.75
(039)
76.44
(044)
74.91
  Liberia (066)
64.34
(075)
62.77
(098)
66.64
(095)
67.75
(093)
68.51
  Lesotho (067)
64.29
(088)
59.39
(088)
68.30
(086)
69.55
(078)
70.26
  Japan (068)
63.95
(071)
64.37
(067)
71.12
(066)
71.14
(067)
70.64
  Panama (069)
63.67
(074)
62.78
(077)
70.06
(076)
70.22
(079)
70.22
  Togo (070)
63.06
(100)
57.17
(074)
70.41
(071)
70.67
(076)
70.31
  Bulgaria (071)
62.98
(091)
59.12
(112)
62.71
(111)
64.94
(111)
64.89
  Hungary (072)
62.96
(085)
59.8
(092)
68.24
(089)
69.16
(087)
69.56
  Malaysia (073)
62.83
(113)
51.55
(119)
60.53
(101)
66.88
(123)
63.26
  Sierra Leone (074)
62.55
(046)
71.03
(075)
70.39
(085)
69.72
(086)
69.64
  Comoros (075)
62.25
(083)
60.16
(084)
69.35
(075)
70.23
(056)
72.09
  Northern Cyprus (076)
61.73
(081)
61.08
(076)
70.18
(077)
70.21
(074)
70.33
  Georgia (077)
61.69
(089)
59.3
(060)
71.36
(060)
71.41
(060)
71.02
  Guinea-Bissau (078)
61.57
(092)
58.79
(095)
67.32
(094)
67.94
(089)
69.05
  Ukraine (079)
61.19
(106)
55.76
(097)
67.04
(096)
67.48
(102)
67.54
  Ecuador (080)
60.51
(068)
64.61
(096)
67.17
(098)
67.38
(097)
68.12
  Congo (081)
60.42
(093)
58.64
(118)
61.17
(118)
63.44
(117)
63.96
  Malawi (082)
60.34
(080)
61.4
(062)
71.2
(069)
70.68
(068)
70.64
  Chile (083)
60.09
(082)
60.61
(054)
72.11
(051)
72.69
(046)
74.35
  Malta (084)
59.76
(078)
61.55
(081)
69.54
(081)
69.84
(077)
70.26
  Guinea (085)
59.51
(084)
59.82
(109)
64.58
(110)
65.66
(107)
66.51
  Mauritania (086)
59.45
(097)
58.1
(094)
67.75
(097)
67.46
(094)
68.35
  Zambia (087)
59.41
(109)
55.4
(115)
61.79
(120)
63.00
(119)
63.62
  Mongolia (088)
59.33
(090)
59.17
(068)
71.03
(073)
70.39
(070)
70.49
  Fiji (089)
59.27
(102)
56.91
(055)
72.08
(052)
72.59
(052)
72.82
  Bhutan (090)
59.25
(033)
76.46
(065)
71.14
(067)
71.10
(080)
70.19
  Serbia (091)
59.16
(079)
61.51
(093)
67.97
(093)
68.38
(090)
68.82
  Brazil (092)
58.67
(110)
55.36
(111)
63.75
(107)
65.95
(105)
67.21
  Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (093)
58.36
(055)
68.49
(045)
76.02
(044)
76.22
(050)
73.96
  Gabon (094)
58.12
(105)
56
(117)
61.4
(121)
62.80
(115)
64.40
    Nepal (095)
57.89
(076)
62.67
(106)
65.38
(112)
64.90
(106)
66.60
  Albania (096)
57.86
(103)
56.41
(083)
69.41
(084)
69.75
(082)
70.16
  Israel (097)
57.57
(086)
59.62
(086)
69.1
(088)
69.16
(088)
69.20
  Central African Republic (098)
57.56
(101)
56.96
(126)
58.08
(132)
57.13
(145)
52.73
  Haiti (099)
57.38
(070)
64.55
(087)
68.88
(083)
69.80
(062)
71.00
  Maldives (100)
56.93
(087)
59.55
(072)
70.87
(079)
70.07
(098)
67.84
  Madagascar (101)
56.66
(098)
58.02
(057)
71.76
(054)
72.32
(054)
72.24
  Mozambique (102)
56.13
(116)
49.89
(108)
64.61
(104)
66.21
(103)
67.34
  Paraguay (103)
55.96
(096)
58.36
(100)
66.48
(100)
67.03
(099)
67.60
  Senegal (104)
55.82
(073)
63.07
(049)
74.78
(047)
76.01
(049)
74.19
  Qatar (105)
55.28
(119)
49.03
(128)
57.4
(129)
57.49
(128)
57.49
  Thailand (106)
55.24
(115)
50.15
(137)
54.78
(140)
55.06
(136)
55.90
  Greece (107)
55.20
(108)
55.52
(070)
70.99
(065)
71.20
(065)
70.92
  Indonesia (108)
54.83
(117)
49.27
(113)
62.6
(119)
63.18
(124)
63.23
  Chad (109)
53.73
(104)
56.18
(123)
59.8
(123)
60.30
(122)
63.29
  Peru (110)
52.74
(077)
61.75
(091)
68.29
(090)
69.06
(085)
69.78
  Eswatini (111)
52.66
(131)
46.42
(141)
53.66
(141)
54.85
(147)
50.91
  Benin (112)
52.44
(121)
48.39
(114)
61.82
(113)
64.89
(096)
68.26
  Mali (113)
52.29
(111)
54.48
(099)
66.5
(108)
65.88
(112)
64.77
  Burundi (114)
52.14
(107)
55.74
(147)
52.43
(160)
44.67
(159)
47.11
  El Salvador (115)
51.36
(112)
54.09
(082)
69.51
(074)
70.30
(081)
70.19
  Kenya (116)
51.15
(069)
64.59
(102)
66.35
(103)
66.28
(100)
67.56
  Bolivia (117)
51.09
(126)
47.58
(110)
64.53
(114)
64.63
(113)
64.62
  South Sudan (118)
50.62
(128)
47.06
(139)
54.22
(138)
55.51
(139)
54.35
  Lebanon (119)
50.46
(130)
46.58
(107)
65.07
(102)
66.81
(101)
67.56
  Equatorial Guinea (120)
50.35
(141)
43.96
(164)
44.33
(165)
43.62
(165)
41.65
  Tunisia (121)
50.11
(094)
58.49
(073)
70.47
(072)
70.55
(072)
70.39
  Kyrgyzstan (122)
49.91
(072)
64.25
(079)
69.63
(082)
69.81
(083)
70.08
  Nigeria (123)
49.56
(129)
46.79
(120)
60.31
(115)
64.37
(120)
63.50
  DR Congo (124)
48.55
(125)
47.66
(149)
51.41
(150)
50.91
(154)
48.29
  Angola (125)
48.30
(099)
57.17
(103)
65.94
(106)
66.08
(109)
65.04
  Zimbabwe (126)
48.17
(137)
44.94
(130)
56.88
(126)
59.05
(127)
57.77
  Guatemala (127)
48.12
(124)
47.94
(116)
61.55
(116)
64.26
(116)
64.06
  Mexico (128)
47.98
(127)
47.57
(143)
53.29
(143)
54.55
(144)
53.22
  Singapore (129)
47.88
(139)
44.23
(160)
44.8
(158)
44.77
(151)
48.59
  Ethiopia (130)
47.70
(114)
50.53
(101)
66.37
(099)
67.18
(110)
64.89
  Rwanda (131)
46.58
(136)
45.18
(156)
49.34
(155)
49.66
(155)
47.57
  Philippines (132)
46.21
(147)
41.84
(138)
54.36
(136)
56.46
(134)
56.09
  Uganda (133)
46.08
(132)
46.35
(125)
58.81
(125)
59.05
(125)
60.58
  Kazakhstan (134)
45.87
(122)
48.28
(155)
49.72
(157)
45.89
(158)
47.18
  Sri Lanka (135)
45.85
(146)
42.13
(127)
57.8
(127)
58.06
(126)
60.39
  Algeria (136)
45.74
(134)
45.53
(146)
52.74
(146)
54.48
(141)
54.25
  Uzbekistan (137)
45.73
(133)
46.35
(157)
49.26
(156)
46.93
(160)
46.48
  Cameroon (138)
45.58
(118)
49.1
(135)
56.22
(134)
56.72
(131)
56.68
  Colombia (139)
45.32
(145)
42.43
(134)
56.26
(130)
57.34
(129)
57.18
  Hong Kong (140)
44.86
(148)
41.64
(080)
69.56
(080)
69.99
(073)
70.35
  Somalia (141)
44.24
(140)
44.01
(161)
44.53
(163)
44.55
(164)
42.76
  Brunei (142)
44.20
(144)
42.53
(154)
50.09
(152)
50.35
(152)
48.52
  Tanzania (143)
44.02
(123)
48.28
(124)
59.31
(124)
59.75
(118)
63.72
  Morocco (144)
43.69
(135)
45.42
(136)
56.06
(133)
57.12
(135)
56.02
  United Arab Emirates (145)
42.99
(138)
44.46
(131)
56.87
(131)
57.31
(133)
56.37
  Jordan (146)
42.79
(120)
48.66
(129)
57.11
(128)
57.92
(130)
56.89
  Cambodia (147)
42.02
(142)
43.48
(144)
53.16
(144)
54.54
(143)
54.10
  Sudan (148)
40.83
(151)
40.96
(159)
47.07
(159)
44.67
(175)
27.55
  Libya (149)
40.22
(143)
43.16
(165)
44.27
(164)
44.23
(162)
44.23
  Pakistan (150)
39.95
(157)
37.99
(145)
53.14
(145)
54.48
(142)
54.17
  Azerbaijan (151)
39.93
(154)
39.4
(167)
41.23
(168)
41.52
(166)
40.87
  Afghanistan (152)
39.75
(156)
38.27
(122)
59.81
(122)
62.30
(121)
63.45
  Tajikistan (153)
39.06
(152)
40.26
(162)
44.48
(161)
44.66
(161)
45.98
  Kuwait (154)
38.84
(158)
37.87
(105)
65.64
(109)
65.70
(108)
66.14
  Oman (155)
37.87
(163)
35.99
(133)
56.63
(135)
56.58
(132)
56.58
  Palestine (156)
37.86
(170)
28.98
(132)
56.82
(137)
55.91
(137)
55.32
  Belarus (157)
37.17
(153)
39.62
(158)
49.18
(153)
50.25
(153)
48.34
  Nicaragua (158)
37.09
(160)
37.09
(121)
60.02
(117)
64.19
(114)
64.47
  Venezuela (159)
36.99
(159)
37.78
(148)
52.4
(147)
54.34
(148)
50.90
  Laos (160)
36.66
(161)
36.64
(172)
29.44
(172)
35.72
(171)
35.51
  India (161)
36.62
(150)
41
(142)
53.44
(142)
54.67
(140)
54.33
  Djibouti (162)
35.87
(164)
35.75
(176)
21.38
(176)
23.27
(173)
28.64
  Bangladesh (163)
35.31
(162)
36.63
(152)
50.29
(151)
50.63
(150)
49.26
  Russia (164)
34.77
(155)
38.82
(150)
51.29
(149)
51.08
(149)
49.69
  Turkey (165)
33.97
(149)
41.25
(153)
50.21
(154)
49.98
(157)
47.19
  Egypt (166)
33.37
(168)
30.23
(166)
43.83
(166)
43.18
(163)
43.53
  Iraq (167)
32.94
(172)
28.59
(163)
44.43
(162)
44.63
(156)
47.40
  Yemen (168)
32.78
(169)
29.14
(169)
37.65
(167)
41.75
(168)
38.34
  Honduras (169)
32.65
(165)
34.61
(151)
50.65
(148)
51.80
(146)
51.47
  Saudi Arabia (170)
32.43
(166)
33.71
(170)
37.27
(170)
37.86
(172)
34.12
  Bahrain (171)
30.59
(167)
30.97
(168)
38.9
(169)
39.87
(167)
38.69
  Cuba (172)
29.00
(173)
27.32
(171)
36.06
(171)
36.19
(169)
36.19
  Myanmar (173)
28.26
(176)
25.03
(140)
53.86
(139)
55.23
(138)
55.08
  Eritrea (174)
27.86
(179)
19.62
(180)
18.55
(178)
16.50
(178)
19.74
  Syria (175)
27.22
(171)
28.94
(173)
29.37
(174)
27.43
(174)
28.22
  Turkmenistan (176)
25.82
(177)
25.01
(178)
19.97
(179)
14.56
(180)
14.56
  Iran (177)
24.81
(178)
23.22
(174)
27.3
(173)
35.19
(170)
35.59
  Vietnam (178)
24.58
(174)
26.11
(175)
21.54
(175)
25.29
(176)
25.07
  China (179)
22.97
(175)
25.17
(177)
21.28
(177)
21.52
(177)
21.08
  North Korea (180)
21.72
(180)
13.92
(179)
18.72
(180)
14.18
(179)
16.60

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2023 World Press Freedom Index". Reporters Without Borders. 2023.
  2. ^ a b How the index was compiled Archived 19 August 2013 at the Wayback Machine, Reporters Without Borders, 2013
  3. ^ 2022 World Press Freedom Index, Methodology Reporters Without Borders, 2022
  4. ^ Reporters Without Borders (2022). "2022 World Press Freedom Index, Methodology". RSF.org.
  5. ^ "Index 2023 – Global score". Reporters Without Borders. Retrieved 3 May 2023.
  6. ^ "Index 2022 – Global score". Reporters Without Borders.
  7. ^ "Index 2021 – Global score". Reporters Without Borders.
  8. ^ "Index 2020 – Global score". Reporters Without Borders.
  9. ^ "Index 2019 – Global score". Reporters Without Borders. Retrieved 16 August 2022.

External linksEdit