Ralph George Algernon Percy, 12th Duke of Northumberland, DL (born 16 November 1956), styled Lord Ralph Percy until 1995, is a British hereditary peer and rural landowner and current head of the House of Percy.
The Duke of Northumberland
|Tenure||31 October 1995|
|Other titles||Lord Ralph Percy|
|Born||Ralph George Algernon Percy|
16 November 1956
|Issue||Lady Catherine Percy |
George Percy, Earl Percy
Lady Melissa Trafelet
Lord Max Percy
|Heir||George Percy, Earl Percy|
|Parents||Hugh Percy, 10th Duke of Northumberland|
Lady Elizabeth Montagu Douglas Scott
Ralph Percy was born the second son (and one of seven children) of Hugh Percy, 10th Duke of Northumberland, and the former Lady Elizabeth Montagu Douglas Scott.
Percy attended Eton College, studied history at the University of Oxford, and then land management at Reading University and worked in the Arundel Castle estate office for seven years, before moving back to Northumberland to manage the Alnwick estate for his elder brother Henry, the 11th Duke.
Ralph Percy succeeded in the dukedom in 1995 on the death of the 11th duke, who had no offspring. As such, he was a member of the House of Lords until the passing of the House of Lords Act 1999 ended the right of hereditary peers to sit in the House. Hansard records no contributions to House of Lords work by Northumberland.
The Duke assists in managing Northumberland Estates (the corporation holding the ducal assets) which has many venture subsidiaries and associated trusts, which altogether own land and property in Northumberland, Scotland and to a lesser extent London, Surrey and Tyneside. Ralph Percy was ranked at number 248 in the Sunday Times Rich List 2011, with an estimated wealth of £315 million. He or the corporation is the owner of Alnwick Castle, an ancestral ducal seat, as well as Warkworth Castle and Prudhoe Castle in Northumberland; Syon House and Syon Park in London; Hulne Park and Hulne Priory at Alnwick; Albury Park in Surrey, and other listed buildings such as Brizlee Tower. Northumberland Estates manages 100,000 acres (400 km2): directly managing 4,000 acres (16 km2) of forestry and 20,000 acres (81 km2) of farmland, with approximately 100 tenant farmers managing the remaining bulk of the land.
The 12th Duke's sale on the open market, rather than at a lower price to The National Gallery, of Raphael's Madonna of the Pinks in 2003 was subject to some criticism. At much the same time, in response to a foot-and-mouth disease crisis, the Duke cut the rents of tenant farmers by 10 percent. The Duke has showed opposition to certain wind farms. However, he adopted renewable energy in the restoration of a hydroelectric power generator. The Duke is a sponsor of the NCEA Duke's Secondary School.
On 8 April 2014, despite the vast wealth of the estate, the estate's management announced the date of a new art sale to raise £15 million to cover the costs of the Newburn flood caused by the failure of a culvert for which it was responsible on 25 September 2012. The sales were completed by Sotheby's in July 2014.
Marriage and childrenEdit
Northumberland married Jane Richard on 21 July 1979 at Traquair Parish Church. They have four children:
- Lady Catherine Sarah "Katie" Percy (born 23 June 1982), a gunsmith and mechanic
- George Dominic Percy, Earl Percy (born 4 May 1984), heir apparent to the dukedom and managing director of energy company Cluff Geothermal
- Lady Melissa Jane Percy (born 20 May 1987); a fashion designer and former professional tennis player
- Lord Max Ralph Percy (born 26 May 1990)
- ^ Barber, Lynne (3 August 2003). "Gardener's question time". The Observer. Retrieved 4 October 2012.
- ^ "Mr Ralph Percy". Hansard. UK Parliament. Retrieved 4 October 2012.
- ^ "The Northumberland Estates". Alnwick Castle website. The Northumberland Estates. Retrieved 4 October 2012.
- ^ "History and Heritage". The Northumberland Estates. Archived from the original on 21 April 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
- ^ "Farming". The Northumberland Estates. Archived from the original on 21 April 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
- ^ "Sawmill and Forestry". The Northumberland Estates. Archived from the original on 21 April 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
- ^ "Duke's Plans Spark Suspicion". Northumberland Gazette. 7 February 2001. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
- ^ "Duke hits back at £35m art sale critics". Northumberland Gazette. 16 January 2003. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
- ^ "Duke slashes farm rents to ease rural crisis". Northumberland Gazette. 6 November 2002. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
- ^ "Duke joins fight against windfarm". Northumberland Gazette. 11 November 2011. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
- ^ "... while Duke lashes turbines as "ugly and noisy"". Northumberland Gazette. 2 December 2009. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
- ^ "Duke's hydro system taps into the past". Northumberland Estates. 29 October 2009. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
- ^ "Duke of Northumberland plans £15m art sale to cover flood bill". The Journal. 8 April 2014. Retrieved 9 October 2015.