Yameen-ud Daula Saadat Ali Khan II Bahadur (Persian: سعادت علی خان, Hindi: सआदत अली ख़ान, Urdu: سعادت علی خان) (bf. 1752 – c. 11 July 1814) was the sixth Nawab of Oudh from 21 January 1798 to 11 July 1814, and the son of Shuja-ud-Daula. He was of Persian origin.
|Saadat Ali Khan II|
|Nawab Wazir of Oudh|
Mubariz Jung[nt 1]
Ja'nnat Aramgah[nt 2]
|Reign||21 January 1798 – 11 July 1814|
|Predecessor||Mirza Wazir `Ali Khan|
|Successor||Ghazi ad-Din Rafa`at ad-Dowla Abu´l-Mozaffar Haydar Khan|
|Born||b. bf. 1752|
|Died||11 July 1814|
He was the second son of Nawab Shuja-ud-daula. Saadat Ali Khan succeeded his half-nephew, Mirza Wazir `Ali Khan, to the throne of Oudh in 1798. Saadat Ali Khan was crowned on 21 January 1798 at Bibiyapur Palace in Lucknow, by Sir John Shore.
In 18, the British concluded a treaty with him, by which half of his dominions were ceded to the East India Company, in return for perpetual British protection of Oudh, from all internal and external disturbances and threats (the British were to later renege on this promise). The districts ceded (then yielding a total revenue of 1 Crore & 35 Lakhs of Rupees) are as under:
• Mohowl (less Jaulluk Arwu)
Following the cessation, he reduced the Oudh Army from 80,000 to 30,000 men.
He had three sons, Ghazi ad-Din Haydar, Shams-ud-daula, and Nasser-ud-daula. His son Ghazi ad-Din succeeded him, and later his grandson, Nasser ad-Din Haydar. After that, his son Nasser-ud-daula succeeded the throne, whilst his grandson, Iqbal-ud-daula, son of Shams-ud-daula, made claims to the throne in 1838. It is important to note that Saadat Ali Khan preferred his son Shams-ud-daula and desired to proclaim his heir, but was prevented by British interference.
Most of the buildings between the Kaiserbagh and Dilkusha were constructed by him. He had a palace called Dilkusha Kothi designed and built by Sir Gore Ouseley in 1805.
Nawab Saadat Ali Khan died in 1814 and he was buried with his wife Khursheed Zadi at Qaisar Bagh.
Gates of the Palace at Lucknow by W. Daniell, 1801
Claude Martin's home that was bought by Saadat Ali Khan for 50K rupees
- ^ a b c Sleeman, William (1858). A Journey through the Kingdom of Oude. Richard Bentley.
- ^ Sacred space and holy war: the politics, culture and history of Shi'ite Islam By Juan Ricardo Cole
- ^ Art and culture: endeavours in interpretation By Ahsan Jan Qaisar, Som Prakash Verma, Mohammad Habib
- ^ a b "Saadat-Ali-Khan (1798-1814)". National Informatics Centre. Archived from the original on 3 May 2010.
- ^ White, W (1838). The Prince of Oude, or, The claim of the Nawaub Ekbal-ood-Dowlah Bahador to the throne of Oude. William Strange. ASIN B0006F9CDK.
- ^ The Title of the Family of Shams-ud-Dowlah to the Throne of Oude Considered. J. Harrison. 1839. p. 22.
- ^ nic.in Archived 10 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine accessed 10 September 2007