Thomas Henry Wyatt (9 May 1807 – 5 August 1880) was an Anglo-Irish architect. He had a prolific and distinguished career, being elected President of the Royal Institute of British Architects 1870–73 and being awarded its Royal Gold Medal for Architecture in 1873. His reputation during his lifetime was largely as a safe establishment figure, and critical assessment has been less favourable more recently, particularly in comparison with his younger brother, the better known Matthew Digby Wyatt.
Thomas Henry Wyatt
|Born||9 May 1807|
Loughglinn House, County Roscommon
|Died||5 August 1880 (aged 73)|
|Awards||Royal Gold Medal (1873)|
Personal and family lifeEdit
Wyatt was born at Lough-Glin House, County Roscommon. His father was Matthew Wyatt (1773–1831), a barrister and police magistrate for Roscommon and Lambeth. Wyatt is presumed to have moved to Lambeth with his father in 1825 and then initially embarked on a career as a merchant sailing to the Mediterranean, particularly Malta.
He married his first cousin Arabella Montagu Wyatt (1807–1875). She was the second daughter of his uncle Arthur who was an agent to the Duke of Beaufort. This consolidated his practice in Wales.
He lived at and practised from 77 Great Russell Street. He died there on 5 August 1880 leaving an estate of £30,000. He is buried at St Lawrence's Church, Weston Patrick.
The Wyatts were a significant architectural dynasty during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.
Wyatt's early training was in the office of Philip Hardwick where he worked until 1832, and was involved in work on Goldsmiths Hall, Euston Station and the warehouses at St Katharine Docks.
He began practice on his own account in 1832 when he was appointed District Surveyor for Hackney (a post he held until 1861). By 1838 he had acquired substantial patronage from the Duke of Beaufort, the Earl of Denbigh and Sidney Herbert and David Brandon joined him as a partner. This partnership lasted until 1851.
Wyatt's son Matthew (1840–1892) became his father's partner in 1860.
Wyatt was appointed as consulting or honorary architect to a number of bodies including:
- the Institution of Civil Engineers
- The Athenaeum
- Governesses Benevolent Association
- Middlesex Hospital
- Lunacy Commissioners
- Incorporated Church Building Society
- Diocese of Salisbury
Wyatt worked in many styles ranging from the Italianate of Wilton through to the Gothic of many of his churches.
His practice was extensive with a large amount of work in Wiltshire largely as a result of his official position and the patronage of the Herbert family, and in Monmouthshire through the Beaufort connection
Wyatt secured much work in Wiltshire, including the building of 20 churches, after offering his services at no cost to the Salisbury Diocesan Church Building Association in 1836. Julian Orbach considers the large new church at Wilton – "on a heroic scale" – to have made Wyatt's reputation.
Below is a selective list of some of Wyatt's major works.
|1839–40||Christ Church||Derry Hill||with Brandon|
|1843||St Mary||Codford St Mary|
|1843||St Mary and St Nicholas||Wilton|
|1843||Christ Church||Worton||with Brandon|
|1844||Holy Trinity||Dilton Marsh|
|1844||St John the Baptist||Horningsham||with Brandon, body of church|
|1844||St Andrew||Newton Tony||with Brandon|
|1845||St Alfred the Great||Monkton Deverill||older tower|
|1846||St John the Evangelist||West Ashton|
|1847||All Saints||Westbury||alterations, west window|
|1840–50||St Nicholas||Cholderton||with Brandon|
|1849–50||St Martin||Salisbury||with Brandon, restoration|
|1851–53||St Paul||Fisherton Anger, Salisbury|
|1854||All Saints||West Harnham|
|1854||All Saints||Burbage||south aisle 1876|
|1856||St Andrew||Littleton Drew|
|1857||St Nicholas||Berwick Bassett|
|1860–61||St John||Bemerton||built for the Pembrokes of Wilton|
|1850–61||St Mary Magdalene||Woodborough||rebuilding|
|1861||St Katherine||Savernake Forest|
|1862||All Saints||Sutton Mandeville|
|1862||St Andrew||South Newton|
|1862||St Nicholas||North Bradley|
|1862–63||SS Peter & Paul||Marlborough|
|1864||St Nicholas||Little Langford|
|1866||Holy Trinity||Fonthill Gifford|
|1867–68||St Michael||Winterbourne Earls|
|1868||St Michael||Little Bedwyn||vestry and restoration|
|1878||St John the Baptist||Hindon|
|1879||All Saints||Fonthill Bishop|
|1848||Rectory, St. Mary||Broughton Gifford|
|1878||The Bleeck Memorial Hall||Warminster||Warminster Athenaeum|
The Hendre was built in 1837/9 near Monmouth for the Rolls family.
Llantarnam Abbey was built in 1834/1835 for Reginald Blewitt: a large mansion in the Elizabethan style, built on a dissolution site. Once again an abbey, in possession of the Sisters of St. Joseph.
The Church of St Thomas the Martyr, Monmouth was renovated by Wyatt.
Usk Sessions House was built in 1875–1877.
The Knightsbridge Barracks were built in 1878/9.
Lancashire including LiverpoolEdit
Glamorgan and rest of WalesEdit
- The Wyatts, an Architectural Dynasty J M Robinson ISBN 0-19-817340-7
- ^ Thomas Henry Wyatt, National Portrait Gallery, London, Retrieved 8 September 2009
- ^ Obituary in Builder get proper citation
- ^ APSD entry
- ^ List provided by RIBA
- ^ Thomas Henry Wyatt, DSA Architect Biography Report, accessed December 2011
- ^ Orbach, Julian; Pevsner, Nikolaus; Cherry, Bridget (2021). Wiltshire. The Buildings Of England. New Haven, US and London: Yale University Press. pp. 70–71. ISBN 978-0-300-25120-3. OCLC 1201298091.
- ^ Historic England. "Christ Church (1253593)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
- ^ Historic England. "Church of St Andrew, Newton Tony (1135699)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 22 December 2022.
- ^ Historic England. "Church of St Michael (1021707)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 December 2020.
- ^ Historic England. "Church of St Paul (1355796)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 27 March 2023.
- ^ Historic England. "Church of St. Mary the Virgin, Shrewton (1023996) (1023996)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 December 2020.
- ^ Historic England. "Church of St. Nicholas (1365565)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 December 2020.
- ^ "History of St Thomas the Martyr". Monmouth Parishes. Retrieved 9 December 2011.
- ^ Historic England. "Exchange Buildings (11245031)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 26 August 2020.
- ^ "britishlistedbuildings". Archived from the original on 28 September 2021. Retrieved 5 July 2022.
- ^ Pevsner & Sherwood, The Buildings of England: Oxfordshire, 1974, p. 847
- Media related to Thomas Henry Wyatt at Wikimedia Commons
- Watercolour by Wyatt of his New Liverpool Exchange, 1860s or 1870s