Varamin carpets and rugs or Veramin carpets and rugs (Persian: قالی و فرش ورامین) are carpets and rugs woven in city of Varamin and its surrounding area, southeast of Tehran. Many rug and carpet experts see Varamins as being among those Persian carpets most authentic in terms of traditional style and motif.
Technique and knotEdit
The foundation is mostly made of cotton, the Persian Senneh knot is used for these rugs as opposed to the more widespread Turkish knot. Varamin is considered being among the elite of Persian carpets. Varamins are made by tribal people who either live in or pass by Varamin. These rugs are usually woven in vertical loom. The principal colours used in Varamin carpets are usually dark brown and dark red on khaki or dark blue backgrounds. The village and workshop weavers mainly use the asymmetrical (Persian) knot, while the nomads, depending on their ethnicity, use either the asymmetrical or the symmetrical (Turkish) knot.
Varamin carpets characteristically have a light background color such as ivory, light blue, light green, or gold. This color choice distinguishes Varamin weavings from those produced in cities such as Kashan. Traditional red and blue hues were also used for the field. These colors are interchangeable for the border as well. The most common design among Varamin rugs is the "Mina Khani" which is a motif composed of four round daisy-like flowers in the shape of a diamond and attached to each other by a smaller flower, repeated all over the field. Mina Khani's etymology is unknown but Mina is a feminine name. Mina Khani seems to be also related to Herati motif which is more common in eastern Iran.  Other popular motifs include Zil-i-soltan, which is the classic vase-of-flowers and is one of the most frequent motifs on all Persian carpets; and Plants and animal motifs which includes intricate floral designs with animal figures scattered in between. 
- ^ a b c Formenton, Fabio (1972). Oriental rugs and carpets;. London: Hamlyn. pp. 211–212. ISBN 978-0600028888.
- ^ (in English) "Varamin carpets in Little Persia". www.little-persia.com.
- ^ Mirjalili, Seyed Abbas; Sharzehee, Maryam (2003). "The Influence of Static and Dynamic Loading on the Properties of Handmade Persian Carpet". Journal of Textile Engineering. 49 (3–4): 60. doi:10.4188/jte.49.60. Retrieved 24 May 2022.
- ^ "Varamin carpets and rugs". www.oriental-carpets.com.
- ^ (in English) "Varamin rugs". www.oldcarpet.com.
- ^ Moheban, Abraham Levi (2015). Moheban, David (ed.). The Encyclopedia of Antique Carpets: Twenty-Five Centuries of Weaving. Hudson, New York: Princeton Architectural Press. pp. 605–606. ISBN 978-1616893873.
- ^ Milanesi, Enza (1999). The Carpet: Origins, Art and History. Pennsylvania State University: Firefly Books. p. 35. ISBN 9781552094389.
- ^ Ford, P. R. J. (1989). The oriental carpet: a history and guide to traditional motifs, patterns, and symbols. Portland House. p. 103. ISBN 9780517672242. Retrieved 5 January 2020.